Care fruiting strawberries
Spring care begins with the removal of old leaves.When the top layers of soil dry out a bit and it will be possible to go to the plantation, the beds or rows must be cleaned of old and sick leaves.This important preventive work is carried out as follows: in the right hand holding shtykovku and left take dead leaves and mustache and cut them shtykovkoy around the bush.Shtykovka should be well honed, otherwise it will gloss over and tear the petioles.You can carry out this work and shears, with the leave should be as small as possible of the petiole.Dry collected in baskets, to take out the compost pile or burn.
When burning destroyed overwintering spores of fungal diseases, mainly white and brown spot, which is always available on the older leaves.At the same time or immediately after cleaning old leaves hold the first loosening the soil in rows.Loosening must be carried shtykovkoy.Shtykovku holding in his right hand and the left all the time lift the leaves of strawberries, not to damage them when loose
Sometimes, especially on clay soils, the bushes of strawberries during the winter stick out of the ground, or rhizome, is strongly growing, rising above the ground.In such cases, hilling bushes to the outlet of young leaves, preventing the heart from falling asleep ground.
When hilling towering above the ground bushes in the ranks of the soil is not enough, and it is usually taken from the row spacing or pour compost soil or rotted manure.Hilling strawberries enhances growth, reduces the risk of freezing plants in winter, especially in snowless winters.
To increase yield per fruit-bearing strawberries, as well as in the years when the plant out after the winter weakened and slowly grow, recommended fertilizer combined with liquid fertilizer (mullein solution of 1: 6 or bird droppings 1:20 with the addition of 150 g of wood ash and 60g superphosphate per 10 liters of plain water) at the rate of 1 bucket of 5 m deep furrows of 4-5 cm, made on both sides of the row of plants.After closing the grooves strawberries watered with clean water.
possible to use dry mineral fertilizers (fruit and berry mixture) at a dose of 40-50 g per 1 m2, scattering evenly around the bushes on the aisle.
good results foliar application of urea at a concentration of 0.4-0.5%.Productivity is increased by 20-30%.
positive effect on the crop foliar application provides micronutrients.It is carried out before or during flowering and again on the first green ovaries.The treatment is carried out with solutions of boron (borax - Na2B4O7; boric acid - H3BO3), manganese (Mn -MnO4 sulfate), zinc (zinc sulfate - ZnSO4), copper (copper sulfate - CuSO4) and cobalt (cobalt sulfate CoSO4) at a concentration of 0.02%, the plants were sprayed until complete wetting evening leaves when rain held for 12 hours after treatment, spraying should be repeated.
After the first spring loosening his repeated every 10-15 days.For the entire season is carried out from 6 to 10 treatments between rows.Row cultivation is confined to the emergence of weeds or peel after irrigation or rainfall.If the strawberries planted in rows with aisles of 80-90 cm, during weeding and hoeing hand sockets, rooted in the band of 35-40 cm, not destroy.Creation of the first two years after planting dense shade band allows the soil in rows that worsens conditions for the growth of weeds.
number loosening can be greatly reduced if the early spring, immediately after the first treatment of soil, apply mulch.The soil between the bushes and between the rows of straw covered with a thin layer of straw manure, sawdust, peat or mulchbumagoy.Mulching helps to preserve moisture and regulate soil temperature.
Peat should not be dry.His pre-moistened or contribute between rows after rain.
manure cover the soil in the ranks of the continuous strip.Usually after the manure has to weed out the weeds just before the harvest, but they need to weed carefully without moving manure series.
loosen the soil between the rows hoe to a depth of 8-10 cm. During the summer the soil in rows and between rows should be maintained in a loose condition and completely clean of weeds.For this aisle, not covered with mulch, it is necessary to loosen at least 6 times in the summer.In the ranks, if they do not zamulchirovat, made loosening shtykovkoy three or four times in the summer.At the same time remove the weeds.In the fruit-bearing strawberries replace shtykovanie hoeing should not be, because when hoeing the soil is cut less carefully than when shtykovanii.In addition, when hoeing cut off a lot of green leaves and creates a risk of damage to the root system.
Protection berries from pollution with special backwater (fences)
Protection berries from pollution using special pads
If the aisles of strawberries covered of straw manure, then the time of fruiting manure washed rain and "prokalёnny" sun, creates a good bedding forberries.If you use mulch humus, peat or soil is not mulched, it falls under the bushes litter straw.No litter, especially in the rainy season, with nalivshimi brush lie on the ground, and much spoiled berries.These berries at harvest marriage.In England, always mulch the ground just a straw, and therefore there is a strawberry called the Straw-berry, iestraw berry.
sometimes to protect the berries from pollution use different lining (plates, plastic boxes, special props in the form of small fences) or along a row of small pegs and hammered eight loosely tied with twine bushes during flowering, lifting the flower stalks.
Besides loosening and weeding, as the strawberry plant is a herbaceous, strongly leafy, with a surface location of the root system it needs watering, as well as sharply reacts to the lack of moisture.Properly organized watering planting is effective not only in dry areas, but also in the North-West of the Non-chernozem zone.Strawberries need watering early in the spring (especially drought), during flowering and ripening of green fruit and after harvest.The greatest need for moisture during fruiting occurs, but there is a danger of increasing crop losses from the disease botrytis, so if possible better to refrain from watering during this period.
In Farmland strawberries watered Lake and in the presence of running water with enough pressure from the hose attached to the water column.When watering, even in dry years, the berries are obtained larger, brilliant, beautiful, yields are not reduced.During flowering until the formation of fruit plants watered necessarily at the root, not spraying the foliage.Ideally, if the water is warm (heated in the sun).
All these works are carried out in order to increase the harvest of the current year.After harvesting, it is necessary to create conditions for the harvest next year.Many gardeners, harvest berries, throw plot, and only in autumn spend loosening the soil.It is not right.On the crop next year, we must take care immediately after collecting berries.After harvesting a good crop of strawberry plants are depleted.And it was at this time (in the second half of the summer and autumn) in strawberry form new horns, the formation of new leaves, roots grow rapidly, laid the flower buds.The growth and development of plants in the post-harvest period predetermine berry harvest in the coming year.Inhibition of plants during this period, due to soil compaction, numerous weeds, lack of moisture, etc. -. the main reasons for the weak winter hardiness and low productivity of strawberries.
Therefore, immediately after the end of the harvest in a short time from the plot weed weeds treated soil in rows and between rows of strawberries in the entire occupied area.Further inter-row treatment is repeated as needed.Particular attention should be paid to the fact whether the plant strawberry mite amazed.This pest greatly depletes the bushes and harvest for the following year reduced by more than 30%.
With the defeat of strawberry mite leaves undeveloped, become ugly wrinkles, young leaves have a yellowish oily hue and often die.Infected plants are shallow, are undersized.Sam mite is so small in size that the accumulation seen in the folds of its young leaves can be only with a magnifying glass.Adult females overwinter near the base of petioles.
In wet weather, warm strawberry mite has developed rapidly and gives a few generations.Against tick truncation provides the best results all aboveground plant parts immediately after harvest.When mowing, you should take care not to cut the apical bud and heart.In this case, the end of autumn plants restore normal leaf apparatus.Cut or bevelled leaves collected and burned.For plantations organize good care - watering is carried out, ripping, making the fertilizer.
If the leaves are not amazed by mites, they are not cut off.The more leafy bushes of strawberries will leave in the winter, the higher the yield the following year.
After weeding make fertilizers and especially nitrogen, closing up into the soil through tillage.1m square contribute nitrate 10 g or 15 g of ammonium sulfate.In dry weather station should be well watered at the rate of 10 liters (a bucket) per 1m2.If this can not be done, fertilizers are applied after the rain.After some time, when under the influence of nitrogen fertilizer will strengthen the growth of strawberry leaves, make phosphate and potash fertilizers and also loosening buried them in the ground.At 1 m2 area is made of 20 g of potassium salt, superphosphate, 15 g or 30 g of rock phosphate.Phosphate fertilizer and potassium salt can be replaced with ash, making it 200 g per 1 m2, gently spilling around the bushes of strawberries.
Autumn strawberry fertilizer is better to use in the rain or watering.
autumn soil loosened shtykovkoy.If the rhizome strawberry rises above the ground, it is necessary to hill, otherwise the roots will not develop further or developed, dry up and wither away.Hilling strawberries improves crop next year.
After fertilization, cultivation and hilling bushes develop new healthy foliage and lay the fruit buds for fruiting next year.
plants go into winter robust and less exposed to freezing.
To protect the strawberries from freezing (especially in areas with low snow cover) in the autumn of soil between the rows cover in humus, peat or compost.
In winters with little snow is necessary to take steps to snow retention in the areas.For this purpose, open areas are arranged on panels of different materials, or made from snow shafts 5 m long each.At the same time the snow from between the rows are placed on rows.The shafts are placed on the site in a checkerboard pattern at a distance of 10 m from one another, or even more often.
It is best to plant strawberries are not in open areas, and as mentioned before, in places protected edges, protective bands or between the rows of young orchard.
height of cutting the leaves after harvest