When plants are already fully formed and passed the danger of late spring frosts, the seedlings can be planted in open ground.
planting seedlings in open ground should be made in cool cloudy day, so as not to cause its rapid fading.If there is a hot, dry weather, the seedlings must be planted early in the morning or late at night.Practice shows that it is better to be late planting more than to produce it in the heat of the scorching sun.A few hours before planting the seedlings in the greenhouse and houses abundantly watered to the root ball of the earth is soaked with water and tightly held on the roots of plants, leaving them bare.After the seizure of the land of seedlings should be planted immediately, as is the soil the plants quickly wither and lose moisture.Seedlings are grown in plastic or clay pots, abundantly watered, allowed to stand, then removed and planted with a root clod.Seedlings are planted in peat pots into the soil together with them.Soil for planting seedlings should be prepared,
How to remove the seedlings from the pot without damaging the root ball
1. planta few hours before the recess abundantly watered and let the water soak into the ground, his hand slightly compacted soil surface
at the base of the plant.
2. Turn the pot by placing it on the table and holding a plant hand earth com.
3 - Remove the pot from the earthen clod, which will remain in the hand intact
Placing the plant root system in the ground
1. roots of plants properly placed in the hole, they are bent and twistedupwards.Perhaps hole large enough.
2. Proper clearly vertical arrangement of the roots in the hole: its depth and diameter correspond to the size of the root system of the plant
Planting seedlings using peg
1. Incorrect position in relation to the pegplant, at a backfilling pits the ground, in this case the root system will shift, the plant will bend and do not acquire the necessary stability in the soil.
2. The correct position of the peg with respect to the plant, pit uniformly fills the earth, and it will condense peg, allowing the roots of the plant to the desired contact with the soilwould
root system of plants freely placed in them.When planting seedlings convenient to use the peg: it can be used to make the desired hole depth and diameter, fill the earth and its compact the soil around the young plants are planted.
To better seedlings started, you can immediately after removal from the ground to soak the roots of plants in a liquid gruel out of the ground and rotted manure and let stand, and then immediately planted in the ground.
Equally important is also seedling planting depth. Seedlings most types of vegetable and ornamental crops are planted in the ground deeper than they grew before, almost at the best leaves.This provides resistance to the plant in the soil and are formed from stem lateral roots.However, some types of vegetables, which in the course of the vegetative form of a head, you can not put deep.In contrast, seedlings of these crops are planted on land previously formed mound to plant were raised above ground level, otherwise they do not form a head.It is also necessary to maintain distance between plants, not deceived the small size of the young seedlings, since reaching adult size, densely planted plants will create serious competition to each other in the moisture and nutrients consumption.In addition, in the dense plantation there significant shading, difficult access to sunlight and reduced airing that under adverse conditions can cause
I to keep the distance between plants, you can use a measuring rail with labels applied to it: on the rail length 2-25 m every 5 cm shorter applied, and every 50 cm - long division.Putting rail on the ground, you can easily align the required distance
rapid development of fungal diseases.Calculate the distance between the plants must be based on the needs of each type of crop, the intervals between the rows must be twice the number of plants in between.Recommended data about the frequency of landings of a culture listed in the descriptions of cultures, but it should be borne in mind that they can vary depending on the variety.For example, early varieties of cabbage can be planted closer than the later ones, which form the massive cabbage.After planting seedlings in the ground should make it abundant watering and in the next few days to monitor soil moisture.Adequate soil moisture provides the most complete contact with the soil of the root system and rapid rooting plants.
Plants with short podlistvennoy part, such as lettuce, endive, kohlrabi, celery, Chinese cabbage, can not bury in the ground, or they do not form a head of quality.It is recommended to embark on the hill land
When planting seedlings sledueg avoid thickening of landings, objectively calculating the required distance between the plants.Too frequent location of the plant can cause:
lack of moisture and nutrients, as their consumption per unit area increases significantly;
shading and lack of access to sunlight in planting depth;
plants stretch, accompanied by elevated fragility of the stem and branches;
significant reduction airing landings;
occurrence in plantations stuffy and humid climate, favorable for the development of fungal and other diseases;
rapid spread of diseases and pests in crop plants.
To prevent the occurrence of certain diseases in newly planted seedling roots of young plants is recommended to soak for a while in a liquid slurry of mud and manure with the addition of chemical agent topsina M the rate of 30, on the 1 liter of slurry.Also, in order to prevent possible soil mix for growing seedlings with drug bazudiiom the rate of 1 kg per 1 m of land.
As already mentioned, there are two main ways of breeding crops: generative, ie seeds, formed as a result of sexual reproduction of plants and vegetative , implying growing new individual parts of the adult plant. vegetative method of reproduction involves the formation of new copies of the offspring of different vegetative organs and structures of the parent plant, or parts thereof, and is characterized by almost all perennial and some annual plants whose seeds are fastened bad.The resulting offspring vegetatively repeats the quality, properties and characteristics of the maternal organism, with its guaranteed grade, which allows to anticipate the results of this method of reproduction.
Choice of plant propagation - vegetative or generative - depends largely on the life propagated plants.The purpose of the existence of the plant - providing chances of survival
species and most species of implementing this biological problem by flowering and seed formation.The time taken for plants this process is different.Annuals grow from seed, flower, seed and die form, that is, pass the entire life cycle in one year.Biennial plants are the same cycle of development for two years: during the first year they grow from seed and grow, bloom in the second year, form seeds and die.Perennials live for several years, they usually bloom and form seeds every year, but did not die, and resume a new life cycle for the next year.Annual and biennial plants mainly propagated by seed, while perennials can be propagated both by seeds and vegetatively, in different cases is preferable to use one or the other method of reproduction.
Vegetative plant organs
vegetative organs called the major organs of seed plants that perform such vital functions, such as absorption, transformation and metabolism, growth, biomass accumulation of plants, reproduction and many others.By the vegetative organs of plants are rhizome or its shape, onion, is a modified stem plants, and various forms of escape. Most woody plants vegetative organs laid down in the embryo of the seed in the form of spine and the kidneys, and during the germination of the seed first appears the root, and then escape.A perennial woody plant is a collection of different ages theory, are its underground part, stems, performing the role of the aerial part in the leafless state, and shoots, developing in the growing season, and later passing into the discharge stalks.All components of this aggregate is structurally related to each other;they are formed as a unit and therefore have many common structural and functional features.