Reproduction of root cuttings
autumn before frosts mother plant dug out of the ground, and one of its main roots are cut off at the base.Thick roots are cut into several pieces.At the root of the division into parts is necessary to observe the direction of its natural growth.Each segment should be at least 7.5 cm in length, or it may be non-viable.In the winter obtained root segments or cuttings placed in a box with damp sand or light land substrate based on peat.Root cuttings are stuck vertically into the substrate, observing the direction of growth, or placed horizontally, sprinkle the ground and kept in a fairly cool, but frost-free place, such as in the basement or cellar.In no case should not be allowed peremerzaniya cuttings, otherwise they will die.Root segments can not dropwise in the sand or earth, and stored for
Division korneklubney dahlias
1. korneklubney slot cut into pieces so that each piece had a piece of the root collar.
2. If separated pip has two or
more buds (buds), it can be cut along for anot
winter wrapped in a cloth or paper and make sure that they are not damp.In the spring of capacity to root cuttings planted transferred to a moderately warm place and allow them to germinate.Neposazhennye cuttings are planted in pots and also give grow at a relatively warm temperature.When the seedlings grow stronger, they are quenched as the seedlings, and transferred to the open ground.
Underground flower crops authorities have a different structure.It may be similar to the tubers and their korneklubni, bulbs and corms.Depending on the structure of the plant underground shoots are different and how they reproduce. tubers and korneklubnyami propagate such ornamental flower crops as dahlia, tuber begonias, cyclamen and many others.Tubers uterine plants
have stems bulbs formed bulblets, kids who are separated and planted using as propagation material bulbous ornamental plants
dug in autumn, dried, cleaned off the ground, check,whether or rotted damaged areas and stored in the sand or simply wrapped in several layers of paper at a low temperature (not more than 7 to 9 ° C.) and relative humidity 60-70 %. In March, the plants are planted in boxes with a light land substrate and germinated at 20 ° C.After 2-3 weeks, germinated tubers are divided into parts, each of which must have a piece of the root collar and two or three well-developed strong germ.The sections were divided parts of the tuber is sprinkled to disinfect wood ashes and planted in the new place.Reproduction bulbs characteristic of the so-called bulbous plants: tulips, daffodils, lilies, hyacinths and other.Bulbs are dug at the end of the growing season and are separated from the stems formed bulbs kids, dried, sorted and stored prior to September in the dry not too hot place.Actually, these kids-bulbs and are those materials that are propagated bulbs.Productivity Education bulb plants babies depends on the plant species, the variety and growing conditions.Adults bulbs, such as tulips, form for the year to 3-5 children, Proleski - up to 5 children, Lily - to 6 and hyacinth - only 2.
Some floral crops such as gladiolus, or saffron crocus, colchicum, propagated corms, underground runners, like an onion, but in structure resembling a tuber.This vegetative body of the plant combines the features of bulbs and tubers and therefore allows two ways of reproduction: the children as
large well developed corm having more than one kidney can be divided into two or more parts sothat each contain at least one kidney resumption
onion, and dividing into parts, as a tuber.In the stems of growing small corms bulbs-formed babies that are separated and seated.Large bulbs of crop varieties can also be divided into parts that contain at least one kidney, and use it as planting material.Plants that form spontaneously rooting shoots, such as rudbeckia, gel-nium, chrysanthemum, propagated by root suckers , are separated from the mother plants in spring and transplanted to a new location.At the same time comply with all general rules of treatment of young plants at planting.
Planting of trees and shrubs
best time for planting deciduous trees and shrubs shed their leaves in the cold season is autumn or early spring, then there is a time of peace, coming at the time of the growing season break.For planting, the soil must be prepared in advance, fertilized and loosened it, creating a favorable environment for the roots of trees, especially in the initial phase of rooting of young plants.Digging planting hole should consider the volume of the root system, which should be freely placed in yame-, the roots should not be bent, twisted or be the up due to lack of space.Lateral and fibrous roots, ensuring the absorption of the full moisture and nutrients you need space, they must not be pinched or broken.In addition, the larger the size of the landing pit, the greater the amount of nutrient-fertilized land will go into it and create a favorable environment for the growth of the tree.For a large tree diameter of the landing pit shall be 1 - 1.5 m and a depth of 0.8-1 m for small seedlings pit size can be smaller..
Deciduous trees planted, preferably at the time of interruption of vegetation, that is early spring before leafing or autumn after defoliation.
«The best period of the autumn planting is considered to be the middle of September and all of October, but should be oriented to the specific weather conditions of autumn.
Spring planting is carried out after thawing of the soil, which in the temperate latitudes usually occurs in mid-April to early May.
on wet, heavy or compacted soils is recommended to plant trees in spring.
In areas with early severe winters also preferably be planted seedlings in the spring.
Heat-loving trees and shrubs planted in the spring after a late spring frosts, as during the autumn planting, they can not survive the winter.
need to make sure that the ground has thawed and has frozen sections When planting trees in the spring.
not recommended to plant trees during prolonged wet weather, when frosts and dry hot weather.
. Conifers and evergreens should be planted in late spring, in late summer or early fall, so they had time to take root and winter, fed above-ground portion of moisture.
When digging the landing pit should be the top humus layer of the soil gently remove with a shovel and set aside, it is possible for this purpose to spread a tarp or near dense film to the landing place was neat.This is done in order not to confuse the fertile layer with the bulk out of the pit and land after landing the end put it in its place.Seals and poor in humus soil from the pit to be properly prepared for the filling: crush and mix with compost in equal proportions, but in any case not to use even a rotted manure, as it comes into direct contact with bare roots plants and can damage them.It is also recommended to make the necessary portion of mineral or organic fertilizer to improve the nutritional properties of the soil.The bottom of the pit should be carefully loosen the shovel, pitchfork or even breakage if the soil is too compacted.This operation is particularly needed for the heavy clay soil, or tree roots will be in the impenetrable space and it will be difficult to break out of the landing pit.After loosening the bottom of the pit must be covered with a layer of high-grade compost, add rotted crop residues, straw, organic materials such as bone meal.When the planting hole prepared, you can proceed directly to the tree planting.
is important to note that the place of grafting fruit tree should be above the soil level, otherwise it will start to grow from the lateral roots, causing extra expense of moisture, nutrients and internal forces of the plant, which will be necessary for him to spend wasted energy development.Therefore, to place a tree in the landing pit, taking into account its subsequent subsidence should be so that the site of inoculation was 10 cm above ground level.
landing process - it is always a certain amount of stress to the plant, which would require the strength to recover and start growing in a new place, so the plant must be prepared before planting.First of all, the tree for several hours before planting or even the day before you need to put into the water so that the entire root system was covered.The plant is fed with water, will create the necessary supply of moisture in the tissues easier to transfer the recovery period will take root and take hold.This is especially true seedling with exposed bare roots, which have a tendency to dry out.Before planting too long or thin roots should be shortened by cutting shears smoothly, it will stimulate the growth of lateral roots and create a branched structure of the root system.The cut should be for disinfection sprinkle ashes.
main tree planting rules
soil for tree planting should be prepared in advance, and loose soiling it.Before planting, check, not too moist soil, not whether it was frozen.
tree should be put on a few hours before landing in the water to the root system of the plant to be fed with moisture and easier postponed landing.
too long, damaged or dead tree roots before planting must be cut smoothly.
Make a planting hole that size to the root system of the tree freely placed in it, the roots do not wring, twist, and do not point upwards.
carefully prepare the landing pit: loosen the bottom of the pit, especially if the soil is clay and compacted, then cover the bottom layer of raw compost to fertilizer mixture.
selected from the landing pit earth mixed with compost, mineral and organic fertilizers, sand or pulverized silica to improve the soil structure.Avoid applying manure.
plant in the landing pit place vertically so that the site of inoculation was 10 cm above ground level.
is recommended that planting a tree together, to one person supporting the trunk vertically and the other to sleep pit.
; & gt;Cover the hole with soil should be fertilized prepared uniformly so as not obrazovy- valos voids during filling two or three times to seal the soil in the hole to secure a strong position in the tree of the earth.
compacted soil in the landing pit should be careful not to break off the roots of the tree.
recommended during backfilling of the pit to carry out an interim irrigation to the entire mass of the earth is uniformly soaked with moisture, then it will ensure good contact with the soil of the root system.
After landing again to seal the ground and form a watering cycle.
To create a range of watering is necessary to form a mound in the form of roller height of 5-7 cm over the entire circumference of the circle to cover the surface of the mulch layer of organic raw compost, rotted manure, grass, straw, bark that protects the soil from excessive drying out and will be a source ofnutritious substance. ".,.,
After planting the tree watered abundantly.
to support seedling tie to the land of fortified wooden soda with a soft natural material without injuring the delicate bark of a young tree.
Planting deciduous trees
1. seedlings with bare roots for a few hours before landing in the water supply, so that they were filled with moisture and easily moved planting process.Long, damaged, dead roots of the crop smoothly.
2. At the bottom of the landing pit, drive a wooden stake, which will serve as a support tree.To count kept firmly in the ground
and ensured the stability of the tree, he must delve into the bottom of the pit at 30-40 cm
3 -. Plant a tree vertically, loosely placing the roots in the landing pit.Planting depth should not exceed the depth of the previous growth.Place vaccinations should be located 10 cm above the ground level.Cover the pit with earth without first to the top and pour the tree.4. Cover the pit with earth until the end, to seal it, form a circle and watering again abundantly watered the sapling.Tie the tree to the wooden support using a soft material, in the form of eight loop and form a circle watering
also necessary to cut the damaged split, knackered or Undercut roots to healthy tissue.In the same way you need to do with too long roots that go beyond the earthen clod.
It is advisable to carry out planting trees together, one man held a tree trunk in the upright position, and the other fell asleep planting hole prepared ground.Fill the hole should be evenly, making sure that the land is distributed over the entire area and not form voids.In the process of backfilling the hole to the final stage of filling needed a couple of times to seal, to hold fast to a tree in the ground.However, it is impossible to stamp the ground too, so as not to damage or break off the roots.After planting the ground is necessary to once again form a seal around the tree and
watering cycle.To do this, make a small mound in the form of roller height of 5 to 7 cm over the entire circumference, the area inside the circle to cover the rotted manure, compost or mulch moist layer and carefully pour the tree.Also recommend watering the tree in the process of filling the pit that the entire thickness of the earth was uniformly moistened.The young tree must be strengthened with a wooden stake, which can drive in the bottom of the hole before planting or after its completion, when the ground gives way a little bit.Number of slaughtered at some distance from the trunk and loop figure-eight tie the tree to the stake.To make better use of natural garters rope, bast, a rubber band or other material without damaging the bark of young seedlings.
All of the above is true for planting shrubs, only to be done
/. supports for the bush can be stretched in two rows of wire.2. Active support, as the name implies, are used when ordinary crop plants provide resistance stam varieties, supporting the lower part of the crown.
3. Triangular support worked well when planting vysokoshtambovyh species of fruit trees, they are very reliable and can be a good support for young immature seedlings
amendment on the size of plants planted.In addition to the wooden stake for support, you can use different designs, such as the rank and file support when planting young seedlings in the number of low or triangular supports, providing support to the tree from all sides.