Caring for young plantings of grapes
Before coming into full fruition (up to the age of four) landing considered young.The main objective in this period - to create plants powerful root system and aerial part, as well as form the bushes on the form adopted.
The stronger and deeper root system, the stronger the plant develops, the higher and more stable than the grape harvest.
should remember that the young plants, as a rule, late in the fall with the completion of their growth and maturation of shoots, so that they are more susceptible to over-wintering conditions.Therefore, an important task of caring for the vineyards of the first year of life - boost their growth in the early growing season.Since the second half of the summer, and especially at the beginning of the fall is necessary, on the contrary, contribute to the growth of shoots to suspend their better aging.This is achieved by a complex Agrotech -meropriyaty.
Features care of young plantings are as follows.
first year of vegetation. With the onset of warm weather (with an a
soil throughout the growing season to maintain a loose condition.The soil is loosened after every rain or watering for breaking the crust.The purpose of these loosening - weed control, soil protection from drying and to facilitate access of air to the roots.In dry areas of great importance mulching.
In northern spring for faster warming of the soil make the hole with a diameter of 60-70 cm, 30 cm deep and shrouded surface of the transparent film of the soil (in June fall asleep).Before ukryvki strap bottom of the well dug on a bayonet spade.
Depending on the humidity of the soil and the method of watering during the growing season spend 4-8 waterings, and more (1-2 buckets per plant).The first time a week watered after planting subsequent - every 15 days when the weather is dry, and 20 days - when wet.Last Watering early varieties carried out until mid-July, late - until mid-August.Watering is better in the evening or in the morning.Before or after performing ukryvki vlagozaryadkovy watering the bushes until full saturation of the soil with water.
plants watered in several ways: in the hole made around the head of the bush, in a hole dug out at bayonet spade next to a bush, an overlap from the tap in the loosened soil in the drain pipe (water saving).After watering holes fall asleep, and the surface mulch with manure, humus or peat.
During the growing season it is advisable to katarovku (June) and, if necessary, feeding slurry solution with the next watering.
If poor soils show signs of malnutrition, it is carried out a liquid fertilization 1-2 liters of solution per plant.It is prepared based on a bucket of water 50 g of ammonium nitrate, 200 g of superphosphate and 70 g of potassium chloride (can be replaced slurry solution).
root development: 1 - bush without katarovki (prepared for the removal of roots);2 - bush insulated using Case consists korneshtambom
slurry is prepared as follows.One part of fresh manure pour two parts of water and fermented (at 20 ° C, the process lasts 10-15 days).Fermented mass before making diluted (1 part per 5G6 parts water).When preparing a stock solution of bird droppings, then dissolved in 7-8 parts of water.
carry out the necessary measures to protect the grapes.To prevent the disease mildew young bushes unstable varieties sprayed with Bordeaux liquid, but against oidium dusted with sulfur or sprayed with a suspension of colloidal sulfur.
Good care helps to develop a strong plant (can grow in the year of planting Escape 2 m long), which allows you to start work on the formation of the bushes and the acceleration term of their entry into fruition.Growing shoots tied up to a stake or trellis "eight".
to autumn frosts bushes sheltering for the winter.In the northern areas in the less hardy varieties increase bends to the ground, are covered with spruce branches, on top of the wooden boxes, filled with sawdust, leaves, straw or tops a layer up to 20 cm, and then a layer of earth 25 cm. In the southern regions of a covering and neukryvnoy culture mounds make a height of 15-20 cm (not only from the cold, but also from the withers growth).
second year of vegetation .Bushes open after thawing of the soil.The delay in opening can lead to damping off holes.Having a well-developed root system, they can give a big boost.During this period, pay special attention to pruning, garter, ie the activities of which depends on the formation of a bush.Since strong growth requires the garter, the device must be completed tapestry.
can apply foliar fertilizer in combination with spraying pesticides.In this case, the bucket ready for use poisons dissolved urea and superphosphate and potassium chloride.In the presence of the micronutrients are added to 10 g of boric acid and 2 g of zinc sulfate and manganese.
autumn in the bushes, hide for the winter, an increase attributed and placed along the rows, preferably in a groove.Related vines are sprayed with a 5% solution of ferrous sulfate for the prevention of mold.Before the shelter, opening the hole to a depth of about 20 cm, cut the upper roots (spend katarovku).To protect the vines against breakage, while enclose otkryvke (closer to the ends connected vines) across them flexible branches whose ends extend outwardly from the shaft with a covering on both sides.Grasp the ends of these, it is easy to remove a layer of earth and raise the vine without damaging.Earth to cover the bushes take on the center between rows, where the winter is left continuous ditch depth of 25 cm. In areas where the winter there are winds, deep soil freezes or there are rains, on the entire length of the shaft comb put a thin layer of straw manure or foliage toprotect trees from erosion, weathering, excessive moisture and frost.
Other works by the same care as in the previous year.
third year of vegetation .More favorable conditions gardens combined with skilful care provides a powerful development of the bushes on the third year of vegetation, causing particular importance green operation.
this year, and if necessary in the future continue or complete the formation of the bushes.Other works carried out are the same as in the fruit-bearing plantations.