stonecrop big

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Medicinal Plants And Herbs

Sedum maximum

Stonecrop grows wild in central and western regions of the European part of Russia, is most common in light deciduous forests.Sedum is a type of succulent plant that gives grounds to consider it

use as a biogenic stimulator, such as aloe.

Description: A perennial herb 40-80 cm tall with a thick spindle-shaped root.Leaves succulent, fleshy, opposite, oblong-elliptic.

amplexicaul, 5-13 cm long. Inflorescence a dense, corymbose, 6-10 cm wide. The flowers are small with white-speckled pink corolla, sepals 5, petals 5, stamens 10, nearly equal to the length of the rim.Fruit - a complex leaflet.Fruiting from July to October.

Composition: stonecrops juice contains citric acid, oxalic acid, malic acid, and traces of alkaloids.When leaves stimulation by Filatov method (2 weeks leaves kept in the dark at 5 ° C) amount of citric and oxalic acids increased in two times.

Cultivation: stonecrop prefers sun but not hot areas or light partial shade.This is a fairly undemanding plant develops bett

er in light or moderate dry soils with high humus content.In connection with this land for growing stonecrop should be prepared to autumn, making digging compost, rotted manure, stale grass and foliage.In heavy soils must be added to the sand.Reproduction stonecrop carried out by dividing the bush and root cuttings, which are laid in grooves 2-2.5 cm and a depth of buried soil.Sedum prefers dry soil, so watering may be rare, but during dry periods.This plant is suitable for growing in pots.

collection: tender tops of the shoots and leaves are harvested fresh, except for flowering time, use only fresh.

Medicinal properties: the juice from the fresh shoots and leaves stonecrop has krovoochi-rotating-and a diuretic effect.As a nutrient infusion preparation stonecrop stimulates metabolic processes in the body.

Application: The drug is approved for use "biosed", consisting of an aqueous extract of large stonecrop herb, prepared according to the type of biogenic drugs aloe.Indications are the same as for formulations aloe, - stimulating metabolic processes.In cooking, fresh stonecrop leaves add a small amount to salads, mixtures of herbs and sauces.

Primula officinalis

Primula veris

Included in the list of protected plants!Widely distributed in the forest and forest-steppe zones tion of European Russia, the Urals and Western Siberia meets another close view - primrose krupnochashechny (Primula macro-calyx Bge.). There are also other names primrose - Primula officinalis and ram.

Description: You are a herbaceous perennial

cell up to 25 cm, the rhizome is short, seated braid white roots.The leaves are ovate or oblong-ovate wrinkled, on petioles, collected in the rosette.The flowers are bright yellow with a pleasant honey aroma, sitting on thin?stalks, forming a drooping umbrella inflorescence, which ends leafless flower arrow.Fruit - egg-shaped polyspermous box.Blossoms in May, when the forest a little shaded leaves, fruits ripen in July.

Composition: in the above-ground parts of the active ingredients are vitamins - ascorbic acid (about 5%), carotene (3 mg);e roots - glycosides, saponins and essential oil.In addition, all parts contain large amounts of manganese salts.

Cultivation: the basic requirements for the cultivation of primrose - sunny areas calcareous soil, fertilized regularly making compost, mulching exercise.Sowing is carried out in August, the seedlings are planted in May next year at a distance of 30 x 25 cm. It is possible the cultivation in pots.

Collection: the leaves are picked by hand in the flowering period.Primrose roots dug in the autumn after the growing season, washed in water, allow to dry in the fresh air and finely cut.Dry and protected from the sun.

Medicinal properties: the roots and rhizomes appointed as an expectorant: it helps release the secrets of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract and bronchi, diseases of the respiratory organs (bronchitis, whooping cough, asthma) because they contain glycosides, for colds, flu, rheumatism

primrose drugs also have a weak diuretic and diaphoretic action, increase gastric secretion and increase the overall exchange.Flowers in folk medicine is recommended as a remedy for headaches, nervous weakening and insomnia.

Application: primrose is usually prescribed in the various anti-inflammatory and expectorant fees for the treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, chronic tracheitis, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia.Primrose is used in combination with chamomile, calendula officinalis, angelica and anise.Elevated levels in plant ascorbic acid and vitamin A allows the use of primrose for beriberi.Floral arrows can be used in the food fresh.Young leaves primrose can also be consumed as salad.This is very useful, because in the spring in the body there is a lack of many vitamins, especially ascorbic acid.