Preparation and use of herbal medicines

August 12, 2017 17:52 | General Information About Plants

It should be remembered that many of the insecticidal plants sufficiently toxic to humans, so to collect, process and they should be used with caution.When collecting and grinding plants should wear gloves, as their juice can cause severe allergic reactions.The face and eyes must be protected g.ovyazkoy and goggles to avoid impact ■: zhnosti splashes and small plant particles on sensitive skin and eyes.Pollination and spraying the plants must be prepared drugs also wearing gloves and glasses.After work with poisonous plants pteduet wash your hands thoroughly and wash: Enjoy dishes soda solution.

To improve the efficiency of the drug-pollination of plants or spraying should be done in dry weather, when excluded the apparent likelihood of rain for at least 1-2 days, otherwise the rain just wash the treated plants with medication and he will lose his power of influence on pests.Spray plants with conglomerations of pests is necessary depending on the area affected by a manual sprayer or special pump spray.T

o the drug is not going on the foliage of plants in large drops and rolled with them, should be carried out spraying the solution evenly from a distance of not less than 50-70 cm from the plant, consistently moving the flow of drug to the new part of the plant to be treated.To increase the impact of the drug is treated not only outside, but also the reverse side of the leaves.

Natural products to fight diseases and pests can be prepared not only on the basis of plant infusions and decoctions.In the context of subsistence farming to combat powdery mildew well established drugs such as the infusion of mullein, bottom ash, fly ash, soap and soap solutions.They are easy to prepare and have a sparing action.

'Roll solution: 2-3 kg of wood ash cleaned from large particles of coal, pour 10 liters of hot water and insist for 2 days.The present culture solution was treated two times per month.

Dolny soapy solution: 300 g of wood ash to fill in 10 liters of hot water, stir and put on fire, bring to a boil and set aside.Allow solutions to cool and strain.250-300 g soap grate and dissolve in the ash still warm solution, wait until the soap gets going.The present process culture solution 1-2 times a month.

soap solution: 300g soap grate and dissolved in 10 liters of warm water, it is desirable that the water was soft.If soap is not readily soluble, it can soften the water by adding a little baking soda.

salicylic mylpaya-emulsion: piece of green soap grate and dissolved in 10 liters of warm water, dissolve '10 salicylic acid in a small amount of water and add to the soap solution.Emulsion processing plants are not more than 2 times per month.

rpylenie clean ashes: wood ash clean coal from large particles to pollinate

plants at the rate of 15-20 g of ash per adult bush.

Infusion Mullein: 3 kg mullein pour 10 liters of water, stir and let stand for 3 days until complete dissolution.Strain the infusion and processing plants in case of severe lesions, 3 times a month.

Senny infusion. 5 kg of slightly dried hay pour 10 liters of water, mix and leave in the sun for 2-3 days to insist, after which time the infusion of strain, squeeze the remnants of hay, processed culture 3-4 times a month at regular intervals.

Protective herbal preparations

plant

Part Used

Time collection

method for preparing

rhizome finely grind to

KKZ8 ""

Air marsh

Rhizome

during

powder sprinkled

the entire period of growth

a powder

damaged mites and fliesparts of plants

Aconite (species)

Escape

during

to prepare take

used to

flowers and

flowering

1 kg of dry grass or roots,

combat aphids,

leaves and

finely crush them and pour

larvae

also

10 liters of water.After 48 hours nastaiva-

sawflies,

tubers

of '50 add soap.Before spraying water to dilute to 15 liters. for pollination pests take

Medvedkov, leaf beetles, spider mites and mice

F - hereinafter

1 liter of infusion, and moisten them'10 iz

means that the plant

lead-fluff, then dry

poisonous

and carefully grind lumps

Marigolds

plant with

during

Dry plants (1/2 bucket) for-

used to

inflorescence

flowering

pour 10 liters of warm water, to insist 2 days, filter, filter, and add soap '40

to combat aphids

Colchicum

Klubneluko-

August,

to prepare the infusion iz

used to

autumn F

vitsy,

finer than 1 kg of dry klubneluko-

combat aphids

seeds

June-July

vic,pour 10 liters of water and leave to infuse for 36 hours. Then filter the infusion and add soap '30

Belem

Leaves,

Early

to prepareinfusion take

Used for

black F

spring,

1 kg of dry plants and pour

destruction of aphids,

elevated

period

10 liters of water.Infuse for

caterpillars, moths,

part

flowering,

12 hours and filtered.

larvae of sawflies,

plants,

To prepare the broth take

herbivorous

young

autumn

3 kg of fresh plants (1 kg dry)

bugs and spider

roots

and pour 10 liters of water, boil for1-2 hours, filter and add soap '30

tick

Hemlock

Leaves,

May-July;

To prepare take

fatal for larvae

spotted F

inflorescence

August

1 kg of leaves (0.7 kginflorescences) and pour 3 liters of water.Infuse for 1 hour, filtered and re-plant mass pour 3 liters of water for 1-2 hours. Then mix the first and second liquid fraction and to add up to 15 liters of water, adding soap '40

sawflies, leaf-chewing caterpillars (moth tephritid, moth, leaf beetle), as well as small beetles

Hogweed

All

period

To prepare take

against aphids, listover-

dissected

elevated

flowering,

1 kg of dry plants and pour

current, scale insects and pautin-

part

10 liters of water.Insist 24 hours,

tion mite.Sprayed

plants,

filter and add 30 g

tion spending trizh-

rhizome

before and after flowering

soap

dy every 5-7 days

plant

using part-mzya

collection time

method preparation

The impact on pests

Sambucus nigra

Branches with

Home

for infusion requires 1 kg of dry

Repelsdolgonosi-

buds and

flowering

leaves and inflorescences, which

on, and plodozhorok Examples

inflorescence

poured 10 liters of water.Infuse for 24 hours. The infusion filter and add soap '30

changes against rodents.Flowering branches of elder spread out next to the plants, repel pests

Landmarks poisonous

rhizome with

Spring and summer

To prepare 1 kg

Applyagainst

roots

dried rhizomes pour 10 liters of water and infuse for 24 hours. Filter and add to the infusion of '30 soap

larvae of sawflies, moths, moth, leaf rollers, semeeda and raspberry beetle

Crow's eye

All

period

for infusion 1 kg of dry grinding

against aphids, moths,

elevated

flowering with

chennyh parts of the plant to fill

moth,

And

part

May to June

36 hours 10 liters of water.Filter

tephritid,

plants and rhizomes

and add soap '40

raspberry beetle and mice

Gorceac repens

All

period

To prepare the broth 1 kg

used against

elevated

flowering

dry plants pour3 liters of water

aphids, sucker, thrips,

part

and insist 6-8 hours. Then

leafhoppers and spider

plants

30 minutes to boil.The cooled broth filter and add to it 5 liters of water and soap '20

tick

Mustard white

infusion prepared from '15 dry powdermustard and 10 l of water;add to the infusion '30 soap

against aphids, herbivorous bugs and mites

mustard greens

Aboveground

period

for infusion 100 g of dry grass,

used against

part

flowering

crushed to powdered

aphids, slobbering penni-

plants

state (600 krupnoiz-grinding of green mass), pour 10 liters of water.Infuse for 48 h, filter and add soap '30

Tzu, meadow bug and herbivorous caterpillars

delphinium

rhizomes,

period

for infusion 500 g. dried leaves

to combat aphids,

field

leaves and

flowering

('50 rhizomes or seeds 200 g)

leaf-eatingguse-

larkspur)

shoots,

(at the end of

pour 5 liters of water. Infuse in teche-

nitsami butterflies, lines

seeds

summer)

of 2-3 days, filter and topped up to 10 liters.

For broth 1 kg of the aerial part pour 10 liters of water, infuse 12 hours, then boil for 1 hour. Filter and add 30 g of soap (decoction and infusion used no later than 15 days prior to harvesting. The broth can bestore within a month).Rhizomes finely grind and the resulting powder used for pollination places of the greatest congestion pests

chinks bugs caterpillar moth, Aporia Crataegi, yellowtail, sucker, the larvae of sawflies, moths, arc bugs, spider mites, root-knot nematode

Leaves,

period

for infusion 2 kg slightly dried

against aphids, caterpillars

flowers and

flowering

plant mass (1 kg dry)

phyllophagous

buds

pour 3 liters of water and infuse for 12 hours. Filter and top up to 10 liters and add soap '30. For broth ratio the same,

insect sucker, field bug and spider mites

plant

Part Used

,

Impact on pests

III §

but after a 1 hour infusion broth

boil for 2 hours. cooled, filtered, diluted to 10 liters of water and add soap

Spruce

needles

Infusion: 2 kg of pine needles pour 7 liters of water, infuse 2 days.2 tbsp.l.