Propagation and cultivation in the garden of lemongrass
From freshly picked fruit gently squeeze the juice and seeds are washed from the pulp.Clean seeds are laid out on the paper to dry in the room.Then pour the seeds in paper bags and keep the room until 1 December.Preparing for spring sowing is as follows.It takes place in 3 stages:
1. Heat a time when the seeds are located at an air temperature of 18-20 ° C, in moist sand for 1 month.
2. The cold period when the seeds in a box with sand buried deep under snow 1 month.
3. Seed germination period at a temperature not higher than 8-10 ° C.Initially, the seeds are placed in the flap of nylon stocking, put in water for 4 days.Once a day the water is changed.After that, the seeds convolution buried in moist sand in the box.Keep it in the room conditions for one month.For example, if started December 1 soaking, the seeds were placed in a sand box December 5.During the 1 month period of thermal stratification once a week removed the bundle with seeds of sand, deploying to 5 minutes for air
At higher temperatures, the seeds can fall asleep, fall into secondary dormancy.In this case sprouting is not.The period prior to germination takes up to three weeks, depending on the origin of seeds.
In order to get the seedlings, you need to take a fresh seeds from the fruits of this year's harvest.
After the start of the mass cracking seed them at the crop planted in boxes filled with soil mix.It should be 3 stratification period to closely monitor the humidity and sand view, ventilate the seeds 3-5 days.We can not allow their germination in nylon fabric.Sow seeds of the whole party at once, as soon as the mass cracking and naklevyvanie seeds.Initial seedling growth is slow, an average of 70 days, he reaches 1,8-3,7 cm.
There is a difference in the number of leaves, length of stem and roots, depending on the origin of the sample.the effect was found in the soil mix the primary growth of seedlings at the age of 1 month, 2 weeks.
was found that the faster the growth of the seedlings on the soil mixture of peat, river sand in the ratio 1: 2: 1.Adding to the soil perlite leads to an increase in the mass of roots, and the addition of river sand - mass of the above-ground parts of plants.The best in all indicators of growth was 4 variant of the experiment, ie,with increasing doses to peat soil mixture and river sand.Seedlings the autumn reaching an average of between 5 cm and 10-12 cm, provided they are picking on the ridge or in a cold frame.
Transplant seedlings spend in a phase of 3-4 true leaf.In the winter planting harbor fallen dry leaves and spruce spruce branches.
During the summer, they are kept under the cover material - lutrasilom or spunbond watered and remove weeds.On a permanent place in the garden of their planting in the spring, at the age of 2-3 years.The seeds are formed in a Nechernozemie monoecious plants.They have to vines have both male and female flowers.
Seeds of Chinese magnolia vine
Landing on a permanent place
Before planting the seedlings gently watered, dig planting hole depth of 50 x 50 cm. At the bottom is placed a bucket of pebbles or gravel for drainage.Then fall asleep fertile garden soil mixed with humus and mineral fertilizers.The rate of fertilizer application at planting: 8-10 kg of humus, 200 g of superphosphate, 70-80 g of potassium chloride, 50 grams of ammonium nitrate.You can add wood ashes at 30-40, the mound of land in a well establish seedling, without destroying its clod.His watered, tamped earth around, making sure that the root collar is flush with the ground.After precipitation land should not be formed well in which water can stagnate.During the summer, in dry weather, plants need watering, mulching, to keep around them loose moist topsoil.Regularly remove weeds, loosen the very small, dry weather in the morning and in the evening sprayed the plants with water.In vines superficial root system, so dig the ground around them is impossible.It has to be loosened only small, but several times over the summer to pour land to the trunks to prevent the exposure of the root collar.Vines like partial shade, so in the first years of life they should be pritenyat, stretching over them gauze.You can not plant them near the tree with a powerful crown, becausevines are very sensitive to soil desiccation.
Lemongrass should be planted to a permanent place, taking into account that it is climbing plants that need constant support.This may be as a trellis for vines, pergolas, stairs, etc.Lemongrass planted in a row at a distance of 2 m between plants.
buildings near the vines can be planted so that the rain drops falling on the roots.The height of the trellis above the ground is recommended 2-2.5 m. Are installed metal supports of the angle iron or old water pipes.Between them pull in 3 rows of wire.Summer green shoots tied up on one side of the tapestry.
In the early years of the life of plants are covered with fallen leaves in the winter of 10-15 cm layer of fir and spruce branches on top of the mouse.Formation of the bush, pruning is carried out in the summer or early winter.Cutting the spring can not be carried out because of the strong crying and further desiccation.
Reproduction lemongrass winter woody cuttings makes their establishment.It is also difficult its reproduction softwood cuttings.Rooting 19-20% is considered to be the best.Perhaps this is due to the very fine young shoots and finding in them a large amount of mucus.Rooted cuttings are left for the winter in cold greenhouses, in spite of the shelter freeze.We have to keep them in the winter in the cellars in wet sawdust to land in the spring.
In nature, lemongrass actively propagated rhizome shoots.When growing in the garden in the fall around the vines can be cut shoots of the rhizome and its seat.Sometimes trying to breed in gardens imported from the taiga lemongrass.Material can be infected by diseases and pests, and therefore do not use wild vines, imported from the Far East.
The advantages of vines Schisandra is their environmental friendliness.Practically there are no pests and disease and not require chemical processing plants.However, wild vines have diseases and pests, should be afraid of their import in our gardens.
plants From the outset, you need to plant lemongrass near pillars - trellises, ladders.They put around homes or other buildings on the edge of the garden.Tapestries Height should be not less than 2 m.
cultivation of lemongrass is not suitable for six, becauseIt will thicken koruna, and shoot with the vine can not support.Growing without a garter to the supports is inappropriate, sincerhizomatous plants go into growth and very long fruit.Lemongrass grows well in partial shade light, protected from the prevailing winds place.The main requirement is to ensure that landings of moisture, especially irrigation, iespraying water from a hose.Vines are placed on 1 m distance from each other near the tapestries.
During the summer, young shoots tied up to a trellis, and more of them with her not to shoot at any winter shelters are required.In summer, the vines watered, sprayed with water.Spring make nitrogen fertilizers and humus.Flowering vines with proper care of plants occurs at 5-6 years of life.