golden currant

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

golden currant reproduces all known ways: by dividing the bush, layering, woody and softwood cuttings, and in contrast to the black and red currants and even root suckers.Rooting cuttings of green, usually low, only 30-40%.Hardwood cuttings survival rate depends on the timing of planting.They should be planted in the fall, and the sooner the better.

seedlings golden currant - a great stock for shtambovoy forms of gooseberries and red currants.

For growing seedlings dried seeds sown in the boxes at a depth of 3-5 mm.To seed stratification and passed together went up, better to keep the boxes in the cellar at low positive temperatures (1 -4 ° C) for 75-80 days, while maintaining enough moisture substrate.

early spring boxes bring in a greenhouse or a warm room.Seedlings dive into the phase of 3-4 leaves.In order to better small plants moved transplant them while pritenyayut.

AGROTECHNICS GROWING

Under the golden currant is removed, usually the poorest soil in the garden.This plant has a deep root s

ystem, so prepared planting hole depth of at least 60 cm. Under the landing making rotted organic, potash and phosphate fertilizer.Golden currant is a low samoplodnye, which makes it necessary to plant next 2-3 grade scheme 1 x 2.5 m. As with all other kinds of currants, golden plants necessarily planted with a deep 5-8 cm, while the aboveground part shortened to 5cm, leaving 5.3 buds above the soil surface.Golden currant comes into bearing early - at 2-3-th year, and productivity increases in direct proportion to the annual growth.Therefore, the entire agricultural machinery aims to ensure good growth of plants.

golden currant responsive to fertilizer.Good results give fertilizing mineral nitrogen or liquid manure during bud break and the period of active growth of the shoots in June.The main fertilizer is made under the bushes once in 2-3 years in the autumn digging the soil.

watering golden currant needs only a very dry period.

Well-formed shrub should have 10-15 branches of different ages.Despite the fact that the branches have long-lasting golden currant, older than 5-7 years, shrinking the berries branches, fruiting is shifted to the periphery of the bush, the ends of branches dry up and the yield falls.Therefore, every year cut the branches over 6 years, replacing them with young and strong shoots of renewal.Remove as thickening, weak podmerzshie and broken branches.High productivity of the plantation period of 10-12 years.

In the amateur gardening sometimes form golden currant is not a bush, and a tree on trunks, height 70 cm. In this case, the plant is well lit, which affects the size and quality of berries.

have nonshattering varieties with berries and simultaneous maturation of the crop is better to clean the brushes, as the gap berries "wet" because of the strong connection of berries with peduncles.When collecting berries implies a lot of juice, worsen their portability and storage.

compared with black and red currants golden most resistant to diseases and pests.It is not damaged bud mite, steklyannitsey, "Petals", powdery mildew, Septoria.But the golden currant is the most vulnerable to such a dangerous fungal diseases as Verticillium wilt (Verticillium alboatrum Rein. Et Berth).

on one-two-year branches in early summer the leaves turn yellow, wither and fall off.Wilting occurs from the bottom up on the run and there comes the so-called "summer leaf."The branches die.Fallen leaves and withered branches are a source of further spread of disease.

The first thing to do is dead bushes uprooted, burnt leaves and branches.Disinfect the soil better, eg formalin.New healthy plants are planted already at another place, because the fungus microsclerotia stored on plant debris and in the soil.The fungus can infect not only the golden currant, and some other fruit plants, as well as potatoes and tomatoes.For this reason, the precursors of golden currant should not be nightshade and strawberries.

most resistant to this dangerous disease grade Plotnomyasaya Of the known varieties, the most susceptible cultivar Uzbekistanskaya large-fruited.Unfortunately, there is information about the resistance to Verticillium wilt of new varieties.