Hybrid Gladiolus ( gladiolus )
Klubielukovichnye perennials;leafy stem, erect, succulent;leaves sword-shaped or lanceolate, vaginal, comprise the stem on both sides;flower stalks tall inflorescence - spike, arrangement of flowers in the inflorescence different - single row, double row and spiral (varieties), varieties also differ in the distance between the flowers - density (dense, sredneplotnye and loose);flowers are funnel-shaped with a single axis of symmetry, flower consists of six lobes, the inner and outer petals may be different color, shape and texture (plain, pleated, folded, and others.), flowering dates vary;fruit - capsule.
Since all varieties (due to their multiplicity) can only be described in a separate book, and care for many of them are too difficult for the novice grower instead of even brief characteristics better remember the basic principles of their classification.Fully decorated varieties record looks like this: first written three digit Vistula, where the first digit refers to the flower
grow gladiolus is not easy, but in the case of diligent observance of all necessary conditions will result florist good reward.
humidity requirements: require quite moist, but must be without water stagnation soils.Watering should not be carried out after 17 pm - the night the leaves must be kept dry to prevent the development of fungal diseases (rots).
requirements to heat and light: Heat and sun-loving.
Requirements for the soil: the different soils with a pH of 5.8 - 6.4, but sandy, clay or peat must first reclaim: in the first year to make organics to increase the humus layer, the second - on a regular basis to loosen and make peat, in the third - on the contraryadd clay or silt pond.It is very difficult to grow gladioli in soils with a high water table.Fertilizer is better to make advance possible - under the previous culture.Feeding - development cycles (see chapter • «Nutrients.").
Reproduction: corms and babies, seed multiplication is used only for breeding.The old divide corms before planting pre-treated with pesticides or a solution of garlic juice (juice of garlic 1 kg per 10 liters of water), they are buried to a depth of 15 cm. The children pre-moistened and germinated, and then seeded into furrows to b cm deep.
Features: needs complete complex agricultural practices: during vegetation needed weeding, loosening the soil, hilling, irrigation, feeding and handling pesticides.Gladioli grow best in areas with good air circulation.Plants for maintaining beautiful form peduncle must be tied up (especially tall varieties).Gladioli often suffer from Fusarium and other fungal and infectious diseases.Flower stalks should be cut neatly and correctly, since incorrect truncation often leads to disease corms: it is impossible to leave the stripped portion of the stem, but we must strive to maintain the maximum number of leaves on the plant, which can be covered on top of the cut, for cutting is better to use a special knife or very ostrozatochennoe bladethat make cuts counter.In the open ground do not hibernate.
Use: mainly for cutting.Low-growing varieties occasionally used in borders.