Budding in T - shaped incision

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

budding can be carried out in two periods, depending on the timing of budding distinguish sleeping eyes and sprouting eye.Budding sprouting eye carried out in the spring, shield, cut off from the lignified annual shoots of last year.Budding sleeping eye Times for summer active sap flow begins in the middle of the second half of July - early August.This is the time selected for budding because in this period the most high activity of the cambium and rootstock bark is easily separated.Shields for budding sleeping eye taken from the current year shoot.Before the rest of fruit crops sap flow begins at the stone, so budding garden makes sense to start with them.Budding involves several successive operations, the quality of the performance of each of them depends on the success of vaccination.First of all, you need to select a place on the rootstock grafting.Place budding on the rootstock should be smooth, without knots, bubbles, roughness.It is better to have a place of budding on the north side of th

e stock.In place of grafting rootstock seed is placed at a height of 5-7 cm from the soil surface to clo-new rootstocks above, at a height of 10-15 cm. If there should be located below the bending of space on the rootstock budding bending.Then the stock in the site of inoculation should be thoroughly cleaned from dirt and dust, heavily contaminated places with water.In place of grafting rootstock is necessary to prepare a T-shaped incision.To do this, make a cross-section of bark 1.5 cm down from it at right frail to perform a longitudinal incision of 3 cm from the bottom upwards, bringing a knife to a cross-section.The intersection of the cuts turn the blade slightly to the right and to the left to separate corners of the bark from the wood.This is followed by a bone cutter to separate bark from the wood along the length of the entire longitudinal cut.A very important step is to get budding shield with the kidney.This simple process involves several consecutive actions:

a kidney at a distance of 1.3-1.5 cm transverse incision;

ft flap is cut from the escape, stepping above the kidneys to 1.3-1.5 cm and capturing the entire width of the kidney;

ft blade are smoothly without jerks and distortions from the top of the panel to the cross section of a kidney;

Technique of budding

1. Cut off guard, with a peephole with a one-year escape grafting varieties of fruit crops.

2. On rootstock execute a T-shaped incision and bone knife to bend the crust over the entire length of the cut.

3. Insert the plate in a T-shaped incision to the stop so that the kidney was placed symmetrically with respect to the edges of the longitudinal section of bark.

4. Place budding tie with plastic tape, leaving open the kidney

A when sections meet, the shield should be pressed against the knife blade and separated from the stalk;4 during the operation should keep the stalk in his left hand to the tip itself.

When a stock is prepared for grafting and cut the shield with the kidney, it is necessary to connect them by inserting a plate in a T-shaped incision on the rootstock.To do this, cut the shield should be taken as a scrap of leaf petioles and introduce motion

Training panel for budding

Shield with eye can be taken only with the prepared cuttings, which are cut off the leaves, leaving only the tip and the middle section with the most

developed kidneys.If done correctly, all the action will cut the shield with a thin, flexible, with a thin layer of wood just beneath the kidney, the kidney remains intact.You can not cut the shield with a thick layer of wood across the flap area, otherwise it will puff up in the context of,

and its thickness will prevent the coincidence of cambial layers of stock and scion.However, the lack of wood on the panel suggests that the vascular bundles are clipped, and it is extremely negative impact on the survival rate of the flap.Properly cut plate has a length of 4 cm and slightly curved shape

tion from top to bottom into the T-shaped incision on the rootstock.A guard is pushed on the entire length of the section de stop.Kidney should stay in the center of the longitudinal section, thus it is necessary to make sure that the crust does not ride up.We can not allow the kidneys offset to the right or left of the axis under the bark.If the cut flap was too long, he will most likely not come fully prepared in a T-shaped incision and abuts at its lower end to the end of the section.In this case, you need a knife to cut off the top part of the extra flap on the border of the cross-cut on the rootstock.When the plate is inserted into the cut, the bark of the stock is slightly crimped thumbs of both hands from the bottom up so that it fits snugly against the Kambia.This will prevent unwanted oxidation of tissues at the site of vaccination.After that produce strapping budding to be done immediately to guard not to dry out.For tying to use polyethylene tape width of not more than 1.5-2 cm. Piping start at the top and by performing successive windings, moving downwards.The kidney is bypassed, leaving the open end up piping lower end of the longitudinal section, securing the end of the ribbon under the last coil.Thick correct harness provides good contact with the stock panel and contributes to a better survival rate.After 10 to 15 days to check on the budding survival.The surest sign that a budding caught is falling petiole with a light touch to it.This means that the shield merged with the stock and now eats some juice to it.If the stalk sits firmly and does not fall, then it is likely that budding was unsuccessful.In this case,

necessary to remove the bandage and see the place of vaccination.On got along budding point guard wrinkled bark and dried up bud.This means that budding have repeated on another location of the same stock.