Carnations - classic garden ornamental flowers, it is known that they were selected started in ancient Rome, it is not surprising that there is a lot of garden forms and varieties.
Carnation has been known since ancient times and is widely popular now.Prized for bright, delicate, fragrant flowers in the vase life stable and transportable transportation.
Rhode carnations has about 250 species, of which the most important received four: the Dutch, Chinese, feathery, Turkish.
for cutting most often grown in Dutch greenhouses cloves (remontant race) and Chabot cloves in the open field.
most famous stud garden, but in gardening in general use 25 species, of which the first four are common:
Carnation Chinese * Perennial, cultivated as an annual;herb compact or spreading forms up to 50 cm in height;stems numerous, fine, crankshafts, smooth;leaves oblong-lanceolate;flowers single, large (up to 9 cm in diameter), can be simple or double, coloration different for different varieties may b
clove feathery * Summer-winter-green perennial;shoots numerous gustooblistvennye form a cushion clumps up to 40 cm in height and up to 1 m in diameter;the leaves collected in the rosette, linear leaves, glaucous;flowers up to 3 cm in diameter, simple, white, pink or red (rarely - a peephole), fragrant.Unpretentious.
Carnation garden ♦ artificially created species, including one-, two- and perennial species, the most famous of which is Carnation Chabot (Annual).Variety Child Nice, Camellia, Margarita, Regina and Chabot have straight strong stems, a kind of Vienna, the Grenadines, and Landnelke Tizh de Fer - straight and thin;all kinds of stems and leaves are gray-green leaves are small, linear;large flowers, terry or gustomahrovye (nemahrovye removed).Grades species Chabot: "Aurora" - polupolegayuschie stems, up to 55 cm tall, flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, gustomahrovye (up to 44 petals), pink;"Benigno" - stems fragile, polupolegayuschie, up to 50 cm tall, flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, srednemahrovye (up to 34 petals), light purple with maroon-purple border;"Joan of Dionysus" - stems straight, numerous, up to 50 cm tall, resistant to lodging, flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, srednemahrovye, white, one of the most widespread varieties;"Legion Donner" - stems numerous, gustooblistvennye, up to 50 cm tall, green leaves, flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, gustomahrovye (80 petals), bright red, the sun almost does not fade;"Magenta" - stems numerous, up to 50 cm tall, flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, with a cup of dense enough, gustomahrovye (in some flowers up to 130 petals), purple;"Nero" - stems gustooblistvennye strong, up to 60 cm tall, flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, with a cup of strong, medium or gustomahrovye, dark red, sometimes burn in the south;"Reyngelb" - stems medium foliage, spreading to 50 cm tall, flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, srednemahrovye, lemon-yellow with a bad cut edges and a strong odor;"Rose Queen" - erect stems to 60 cm tall, flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, srednemahrovye (20 petals), lilac-pink;"Etenselan" - stems strong, numerous, up to 50 cm tall, flowers up to 7 cm in diameter, double, bright red, in the south of fade in the bright sun, the smell of the strong;and others.
Carnation Turkish * cultivated mostly as a biennial, but there are annual and perennial varieties;plant height up to 60 cm;the stems are strong, smooth;leaves are small, numerous;inflorescence - thyroid head diameter up to 12 cm, the flowers are in close contact with each other, a relatively small scale, diverse in color, often with multi-color and eye rim, there are double and nemahrovye form;Most varieties bloom in June.Most undemanding appearance.It is a Turkish cloves best grown novice gardener.Found in the wild-growing form.
Varieties: "White" - the height of about 50 cm, the flowers are white;grown as a biennial;"Wee Willie" - the height of about 10 cm, the color of the corolla mixed;It is grown as an annual or biennial;"Salmon pink" - different from the white color of the same name with the brand;grown as a biennial;"Nyupert Pink" - the height of about 45 cm, salmon-pink flowers with small deviations in the shade;It is grown as a perennial;"Self-action beauty" - the height of about 30 cm, the color pink, red or white, is grown as an annual;"Harris Perfekshin" - the height of about 45 cm, the color is mixed, is grown as a perennial;And others. Moisture Requirements: before flowering varietal carnation sprinkler watering, flowering - at the root;good water drainage is required.
to heat and light requirements: winter-hardy and heat photophilous plant;Only Turkish cloves can develop normally even in dense shade.
to soil requirements: preferable cultivated loam, filled with organic fertilizers for 2-3 years before planting, but can grow in many light soils with good drainage and neutral reaction.In the autumn the soil making potash and chlorine-containing fertilizers, phosphorus and nitrogen are added in the spring when digging or melting snow (the second year), it is also desirable fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers.On poor soils, fertilizing complete mineral fertilizer and potassium and phosphorus separately during budding needed.Propagation: seed (a sign of seed ripeness - disclosure of individual pods, seeds are sown in a greenhouse in January - February, dive into small pots and moved in the open ground in May) and the shards (uterine bushes previously transplanted in pots and store in a cool room or in greenhouses, cut in February - March, perpetuate in boxes (can be in the sand) until May root collar at planting should be at ground level
Features : from clove garden in the offspring there is a strong cleavage at terry, nemahrovye instances better in advance... due to the culling of cross-pollination different varieties must be kept isolated from each other
Using : basic - for cutting, Turkish and feathery in rabatkah and curbs