- a plant that contains vitamin C, K, carotene, pantothenic acid, chlorophyll, iron, potassium, calcium, sulfur, sugar, proteins.
most widely nettle (U. dioica L.) and stinging nettle (U. urens L.).
generic name derives from the Latin verb urere - burn because the whole plant is covered with stinging hairs.The generic definition means "nettle" on the location of gay flowers.
perennial herb, widespread throughout central Russia.It grows everywhere in the woods, at the property, near the fences, roadsides, in gardens and on vacant lots.Vernacular - zhguchka, zhalyuga, strekanka, strekusha, Kostirko.
Stem height of 40-150 cm, straight, tetrahedral.The leaves are opposite, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, at base cordate, coarsely toothed at the edges, on long stalks.All green parts of the plant is densely covered with stinging hairs and ordinary.The flowers are small, gathered in axillary inflorescences hang;female inflorescence a dense, green, male - female thin, yellowish.F
plant is widely used in folk and traditional medicine and cooking.Use all of the plant and the individual parts - stems, leaves, seeds and roots.
chemical composition. The nettle contains formic acid, pantothenic, caffeic, ferulic and n-coumaric acid, histamine, acetylcholine, ascorbic acid, carotene and other carotenoids, vitamins K and the B complex, glycoside urtitsin, volatile, chlorophyll, tannin and protein substances, starch,iron, calcium, zinc and others.
action. has hemostatic, choleretic and estrogenic effects, enhances the activity of the digestive system, reduce bloating, lower cholesterol in the blood.In addition, diuretic, tonic, anti-inflammatory properties, regulates carbohydrate metabolism.
Application in medicine. in therapeutic practice is administered orally as a hemostatic and increases blood clotting agent for menopausal, hemorrhoids, gastrointestinal and other bleeding, normalization ovarialnomenstrualnogo cycle, strengthening the walls of blood vessels and others. Stinging nettle strengthens uterine contractions, has beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system,promotes rapid healing of damaged tissue, as well as an increase in hemoglobin in red blood cells, it is therefore used in the treatment of anemia.Furthermore, appointed in atherosclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammation of the kidneys, bladder, liver diseases, hemorrhoids, and others. It is a part of vitamin teas and fees received in the gastro-intestinal diseases, rheumatism, gall bladder disease and liver, prostate, vitamin deficiency.
In dermatology drugs nettle is used in eczema, psoriasis, vulgar and pink acne, vasculitis, abrasions, dermatitis, alopecia and vitiligo.
widely used as a food product for cooking various dishes.
annual grassy plant in height 15 - 60 cm, with abundant branching quadrangular stem.The whole plant is covered with stinging hairs.The leaves are small, ovoid or elliptical, serrated on the edge.The flowers are small, greenish, collected in dense axillary inflorescences.Blooms from summer to autumn.
chemical composition .The plant contains vitamins A, B, C, pantothenic acid, calcium and iron salts, tannin, tannin, and other glycoside.
action.It has a stimulating, disinfecting, health-improving, soothing and tonic effect, normalizes the processes of reproduction and remineralization cells, regulates water-fat balance, has a strengthening effect on the body, as well as ~ acts as a blood-purifying and expectorant.
Application in medicine. plant is used for hemoptysis, various bleeding, tuberculosis, whooping cough, gout.Since the nettle has a positive effect on metabolism, it is used for allergies, atherosclerosis, anemia, liver diseases.In addition, the nettle broth is used to improve appetite, nervous disorders, as a diuretic, hives, whooping cough, bronchitis, asthma, gastric diseases, rheumatism and acne.A decoction of nettles in milk helps with vomiting and pain in the stomach.
Geographical distribution .It grows in shady moist forests of both coniferous and deciduous, clearings, among shrubs, along roads, near houses, vacant lots and weedy places.
spread to almost the entire territory of the USSR except the Far North, north-eastern part of Siberia, deserts and semi-deserts of Central Asia.
main areas blanks - Belarus and Ukraine, the Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, the Stavropol and Krasnodar territories, Tatar ASSR.
collection and drying. nettle leaves are collected in the flowering period with gloves or plants and mow when the fade is not only the leaves but also the stems lose their pungency, leaves break off with your bare hands.
dried in the shade, in attics, under the eaves.
Medicinal raw .Ready raw material - nettle leaf (Folium Urticae) consists of dark green, elongated, pointed leaves with a rounded base, in krtoryh often have heart-shaped notch.Edge krupnopilchaty sheet.The surface of the sheet with light sparse hairs.The smell peculiar taste bitter and herbaceous.
GOST 12529-67 allows: moisture not more than 14%;blackened and browned leaves no more than 5%;Nettle other parts not more than 5%;crushed pieces pass through a sieve with a hole diameter of 3 mm and not more than 10%;Organic impurities are not more than 2%;mineral - no more than 1%.
Inexperienced pickers, instead of nettle leaf harvested leaf nettle - Urtica urens L. The raw materials are characterized by wedge or shirokoklinovidnomu base and toothed edge.Leaves white dead-nettle - Lamium album L., popularly called dead-nettle, have the same shape as and leaves dioica nettle, but covered with soft and does not stand out in color hairs.
chemical composition .The leaves contain a glycoside urtitsin, up to 5% of chlorophyll, carotenoids (carotene, xanthophyll, ksantofillepoksid, violaxanthin), more than 2% of tannins, vitamin C, pantothenic acid, precursor of chlorophyll - protoporphyrin and coproporphyrin-1 and other
Fresh leaves of nettle.juice of them contain phylloquinone - vitamin K, but it is not dry.
action and application. Fresh nettle leaves have styptic action.As shown by Professor IE Akopov, dry leaves such actions do not have, on the contrary, slow down the process of blood coagulation is approximately 2 times.
Despite this, nettle leaf has a versatile application.It is used as an anti-inflammatory, antianemic, diuretic and febrifuge.In combination with other drugs it is used to treat rheumatism, arthritis, gastric disorders, and others. We have seen good results in the treatment of psoriasis collection containing nettle leaf and grass in the smallest pochechuynuyu powder.Drink a mixture of 1 teaspoon before meals.
alcoholic extract of nettle leaves containing chlorophyll, used for coloring alcoholic peppermint oil solution, known as tincture mint (Tinctura Menthae piperitae).
great importance of fresh nettles in agriculture, especially for feeding birds as prevents the development of hemorrhagic diathesis in chickens.Fresh leaves after blanching lose pungency, and they are used in cooking for making mineral spring salads, cabbage soup and other dishes.
Nettle increases blood clotting, increases the amount of hemoglobin, platelets and red blood cells, reduce the concentration of blood sugar, has diuretic, wound healing and restorative effect.It is useful in hemorrhages, anemia, atherosclerosis, kidney disease, urinary bladder, liver and gall bladder, hemorrhoids, tuberculosis, metabolic disorders, during the recovery period.
Nettle - a valuable food product.Of the young shoots and leaves are boiled tasty and nutritious soup made from leaves are prepared salads.In addition, the leaves and shoots of nettle can be used as a pickle, and it is done, for example, in the Caucasus, as a seasoning for meat dishes.
widely used as a medicinal plant, as well as in cooking.Collect the youngest shoots in early spring, later - only the young leaves and tops.The food can be used more small nettle (Urtica urens L.).
nettle leaves contain a lot of chlorophyll, tannins, glyukokininy (cause low blood sugar), organic acids, acetylcholine, amines, vitamins C, B2, B6, carotene, pantothenic acid, volatile, mineral substances - iron, magnesium,calcium and manganese.Nettles helps the normal course of digestion, bowel activity, has choleretic and diuretic effect, affects the formation of blood.
Freshly juice of the leaves - part means "spring of treatment."Fresh green nettle used as a folk remedy in the fight against rheumatism, sore spots are better supplied with blood, if the nettle horsewhip.From fresh and dried herbs are prepared tinctures for hair recovery.Dried herbs nettle use in pharmacology, it serves as an element of anti-rheumatic, diuretics, metabolic mixtures, tinctures and teas for expectoration.Before cooking nettles previously well washed.
pungency nettle disappears after the treatment plants of hot (+ 85 °) with water or by boiling.From nettle can prepare soups, "spinach", omelets, salad additives, eggs, beef, stuffing, meat Gachet (dish of brains of animals, eggs), chopped meats, pates.