under age branches understand the time period from the occurrence of the branches to the considered moment.This period includes the branches of its own age and the age of the mother plant.There is a direct correlation between the development of the branch and the duration of her life: the more developed a branch, so it is more durable, so the main skeletal branches are much more durable than fouling.Consequently, overgrowing branches extend its life cycle is much faster than the basic skeleton, and die earlier.branch dieback occurs in the same direction, wherein their appearance and passed the growth from the periphery of the base to the branches.By applying the proper care (quality tillage, fertilizer, biological protection, irrigation and timely pruning) may extend the life of fruit tree or parts of it to increase or decrease the size of the crown, to speed up the entry of the tree in the period of full fruiting.
period of full fruiting
covers the period of time from the onset of regular crops to
Age periods in the life of the fruit of the tree gradually and consistently replace each other,
flowing from the growth and development period to aging and drying of wood
characterized by: increasing number fouling partsgenerative type, which corresponds to an increase in the volume of the harvest;
reduction of growth of vegetative shoots;
shortening the annual shoots on the periphery of the Crowns;
increase in the angle of the branches;
complete the formation of the crown of the tree with the required number of fruit-bearing shoots;
continuation of intensive growth of young shoots;
gradual denudation of the large base of perennial branches;
regularity of fruiting and a good amount of crops, rising each year;
appearance of some varieties of fruiting periodicity.
Period reduce fruiting and aging
covers the period from the fruit of the tree of the peak before the onset of overt signs of his aging.Characterized by:
reduction and phasing out growth of vegetative shoots;
occurrence of bare spots in the middle of the Crowns;
withering away fouling and denudation of the major skeletal branches, which moves closer to the periphery of the crown;
decrease in the intensity of the formation of new generative shoots and, consequently, a decrease in the extent of their renewal;
weakening shoots grow back: young shoots are thin and weak, gradually morning F Age periods fruit branches
1. During growth young branch grows mainly cool top, its position in the crown of a tree close to vertical.
2. Branch gradually folded down, changing the angle and position in the crown from vertical to almost horizontal, there is a willingness to fruiting branches.
3. Branch aging complex highly branched fruit kolchatka exhausted its functionality and should be cut
Chiva ability to bookmark flower buds;
decrease in the number of fruit-bearing shoots;
weakening the tree's ability to restore and rejuvenate;
reduction in size, change the color typical of the variety and quality of the fruit;
increasing intervals between yield periods, alternating unproductive fodder and crop failures;
decline in yield.
period of aging and drying
covers the period of gradual decay of the tree of life until its complete cessation.Characterized by:
further damping tree of life;
decline in yields;
- a continuation of the withering away of the small main branches in different parts of the crown; u progressive withering and dying off large branches inside and on the periphery of the crown;
occurrence of dieback;a sharp decrease of fruiting;
natural occurrence in different parts of the tree Volchkov shoots;
continuing gradual withering away of the roots as a part of the root system of the fruit tree.
duration of each period varies depending on the species, varieties and forms of plants, growing conditions and local characteristics of soil and climate, as well as the correctness of the measures on fruit tree pruning.