Types of pruning
Pruning is a basic method of forming the crown of the trees and bushes, and one of the most important means of care.By cutting understand purposeful partial or total removal of branches, shoots or roots of the plant, affecting its natural growth and aimed at obtaining a plant with regular and abundant high-quality crops.Pruning is not contrary to the tree biology, on the contrary, it is the epitome of the processes taking place with him in the natural environment.Under natural conditions, the branches in the crown of the tree, which lacks the light die off on their own, if the branches in the crown placed too rarely occupy space Volchkov shoots or fat.All these processes take place in accordance with the nature of wood, however, applying trimming, grower only acts to regulate natural life processes.
Pruning promotes redistribution and more rational use of water within the plant nutrients needed for the life of plants, synthesized by the plant substances.By cropping, you can adjust the ratio of all parts
Over the life changing power of fruit tree growth, the ratio of vegetative and generative parts of the plant, the power of fruiting tree fatigue, level of availability of vital resources, physical and sanitary condition of the plants.Accordingly, trimming view conducted at different points in the tree of life, will be different.Depending on the moment in the tree of life and the purpose for which is carried out cutting, distinguish:
Formative pruning applied to young trees with a view to the gradual formation of the desired shape and size of the crown, is aimed at creating a young tree crown.The young tree is considered to be the period from planting to 6 years after landing a permanent place where the basic elements laid
Tools for trimming and care of the crown of the tree
1. Folding handsaw,in which you can change the position of the handle, it can be useful for cutting hard branches.
2. pruner for pruning on long handles, allowing create the necessary effort to trim even fairly thick branches.
3. Saw for pruning old otplodonosivshie, sick and damaged branches.Generally, garden saws and hacksaws can be a variety of sizes and shapes depending on the destination.
4. pruner or hedge trimmer, - an indispensable tool in the garden.It is used to trim the shoots of fruit trees and berry bushes, cutting dead wood raspberry, cutting tenon cutting cuttings and for other purposes.
5. Hacksaw with the clamping lever allows you to set it at an angle of 90 °.
6. Pruner, Lopper - another kind of garden secateurs.
7. Curve garden knife can be small, medium and large.A common feature of the garden is a curved knife into the blade, which is very handy when cutting out small branches, cleansing of wounds and hollows
cops crown, develop major skeletal branches.During this period, the main task of trimming should be fouling even distribution of branches along the entire length of the skeletal branches crown achieving full illumination throughout.Formative pruning may be needed later in the adult tree, when you need to create a new skeletal branches instead bummer of aged or dead, as well as after pereprivivki plants.
Maintenance pruning is needed throughout life to maintain good plant growth, fruiting and health in adult plants.Its main objectives are: to prevent the output grow back branches outside formed crown to maintain the illumination mode around the crown volume, prevent denudation of large
branches to balance inside the crown, avoiding overloading the skeletal branches of the young are overgrown branches, maintain the tree's ability to actively and steadilygrowth and fruiting.Restorative pruning may be needed if:
tree started as a result do not spend a long time cutting;
krone has grown strongly, out-of-type crown dimensions in height and width, become uncomfortable for the care and harvest, beginning to interfere with neighboring plants;broken light regime in the crown, it has become virtually impermeable to light;
part of the crown was lost due to illness, breakup or cleavage, were frozen, damaged by natural phenomena and as a result, has become inadequate, lopsided, tenuous.
Restorative pruning, like its name implies, is aimed at the restoration of the crown, at giving it the right size and shape to create a balance of skeletal, large and fouling branches inside the crown, the crown to return full value, growth potential and fruiting.
Sanitary pruning largely similar to the reduction.Its task is to sanitary cleaning of the crown, which is to remove the dry, broken, sick, damaged, hampering the development of the branches of a tree, posing a threat to the light regime of the crown and promotes the growth of pests and diseases.
Regulatory pruning is carried out to control adult fruiting fruiting plants to create the conditions in which the fruit timber and maintained intensive good gain will be successfully updated, which ensures high productivity.
Rejuvenation pruning needed for old trees, to stimulate the development and restore the intensity of growth and to balance it with fruiting.During the period of full fruiting comes a time when growth at the ends of the skeletal branches almost completely stopped.It was at this time is carried out renewal pruning, in which the branches are pruned at the border of the last strong growth, it provides recovery and limits the growth of the branches of the tree height of 3-3.5 m. When rejuvenating pruning removal subject to all hanging and thickening branches, the extra Volchkov shoots are cutand the most successful form located poluskeletnye and skeletal branches.