Italian palmette

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Fruit Plants

Italian, or correct, palmette with oblique branches is an artificial flattened shape of the crown of fruit trees and consists of a central conductor and 6-8 major skeletal branches arranged in tiers 2 branches in tier.The branches in tier in opposite directions along the row.In the formation of palmettes take straight after planting seedlings and shorten to the desired height from the soil surface to produce the lateral branches of the adjacent kidney With good branching choose two shoots, which are formed from two branches of the first tier and shorten them to 1/3 of their length, with the centralthe conductor is cut just above the tops of the selected left and shoots.In the following years to grow back from the center conductor shoots forming the upper branch

Italian palmette

tiers without the shortening.To stimulate the formation of lateral branches to lay the next tier of the center conductor are cut every year.After the formation of palmettes center conductor is cut over the last tier of the m

ain branches.The angle of divergence of the main skeletal branches of the central conductor is achieved by fastening them to the support at an angle of 45-50 °.The distance between the tiers is reduced from the bottom to the top.Overgrown with branches left on the main branches at a distance of 40 cm from the center conductor, maintaining length in the range of 60-100 cm, and give them a horizontal or drooping position.Unnecessary for the formation of a vigorous and palmettes on the upper side of the main branches of the shoots are removed.This subordination of the branches in the Italian Palmetto achieved mainly changes in the tilt of branches: to weaken their growth tol departing from the center conductor mzelichivayut to enhance growth - reduced.The formation of the crown of Italian palmettes lasts up to 7 years, with the height of the tree can reach 4 m high.Italian palmette is used to form the apple trees, pear, peach, plum in the medium and strong-growing rootstock.

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