Prunus tomentosa, or Chinese (Cerasus tomentosa Lois) is very different from other types - shrub 2-3 m tall from the Rosaceae family.Bark gray-brown, grayish-brown branches, too, young shoots tomentose.Leaves broadly, pointed at the apex, 3-5 cm long and 2-3 cm wide, grayish-green, wrinkled along the veins, pubescent, below gray-woolly.In autumn the leaves turn a bright color from karminovokrasnyh to pale yellow.Blossoms in May-June, abundantly, and the fruits ripen in July.Fruit - drupe, globose, about 1 cm in diameter, red in color.
In the wild cherry is found in northern China in culture is widespread in Korea, China and Japan.In our country this kind of cherry common in the Far East, in Khabarovsk and Primorsky regions.Currently, she is well known to amateur gardeners Nechernozemie as annual abundant blooms and bears fruit.
Felt cherry - fruit and ornamental plant.
Cherry extraordinarily beautiful flowering time: a huge bush in pinkish flowers.The plant is undemanding, resistant to diseases and
Requirements: felt cherry grows best on fertile and light, well-drained soil with a neutral reaction.Excess moisture adversely affects the growth, fruiting and overwintering, which leads to the death of the bushes.Acidic soils lime desirable.
place felt cherry should be sunny, it is absolutely not tolerate shade.For best pollination should be planted at the site, or some seedlings or more grades (at least three).
Composition: felt cherry berries contain large amounts of sugars, mainly glucose and fructose, organic acids - malic and citric acid, rich in vitamin C and substance P-active action to contain piktiny and tannins.In
felt cherry fruit contains approximately 11% sugars, mainly glucose and fructose, about 2% of organic acids, especially citric and malic.Approximately 50 mg% of vitamin C, 750 mg% of vitamin P. By folate content cherry fruits close to raspberry, in which up to 2 mg% carotene, vitamin B, and trace elements of iron, copper and magnesium.
Seed reproduction felt cherries: svezheotzhatyh of fruits necessary to wash the seeds without letting them dry, mix with wet sand and put in the refrigerator autumn they need to sow in the furrows of the ridges at a depth of 1 - 1.5 cm Ridge should be done from the fertile.and light soil.For spring sowing seeds need to be stratified for 120- 130 days before the start naklevyvaniya then zasnegovat.Weed seedlings, watered and loosen the soil.Too thickened crops is necessary to thin out.During one summer, most of the seedlings growth reached 30-50 cm, develops a good fibrous root system.Development of the seedlings can be transplanted in the autumn of the same to a permanent place in the garden.
Landing: plant seedlings 1-2 years of age can fall and spring.In the planting hole or trench width of not less than 60 cm and a depth of no more than 50 cm is necessary to make a soil mixture (1 m2): organic fertilizer - at least 3 buckets, lime - 400-800, the phosphorus - 40-60, potassium - 20-30 of the active ingredient.All need to mix evenly.The root system must be cut by 20-25 cm, handle clay mash and planted bushes on the same depth as in the nursery.After planting, the soil must be sealed, abundantly watered and zamulchirovat peat or organic fertilizers.On the plot is enough to plant 2-3 plants felt cherry.are the following features of the specific cultivation of felt cherry.Apply more sparse planting scheme:. 3-3.5 x 1 - 1.5 m Its seedlings spend 1-2 years of age at the same depth at which they grew before.
sorta felt cherry
Currently zoned varieties of Prunus tomentosa: Alice, Summer, Natalie Ogonek, Ocean and Autumn.
especially large-fruited, winter-hardy and resistant to damping-off grade Amurka, Summer and Yes semolina.
Pruning: plants are grown in the form of a bush with a spherical crown, which, if necessary, easily converted into a planar, shortening the lateral branches on branches growing along the row.
Cut the bushes after the first marketable fruiting - 4-5-th year after planting.The main method of pruning - thinning.
Harvest: perishable fruit, so they are collected in the consumer maturity phase and immediately processed.
Ways to use
Use: cherry fruit consumed in fresh and processed form.At home, they are dried, is used to make jams, compotes, juice, syrup, jams, fruit drinks, teas.Leaves added to pickles and marinades.
established that the felted cherry improves the appetite, regulates activity of the intestines, contributes to a better absorption of fat and animal protein, has a ka-pillyaroukreplyayuschim property and linoleic acid in the seed oil fatty able to provide protivoskleroticheskoe action.
The fruits are mostly used in processed form, are prepared compotes, jams, candy, jam.The dried berries added to the dried fruits for the preparation of stewed fruit.
compote. Washed berries are put into sterilized hot jars to half volume, then pour hot syrup (1 liter of water should be 200 grams of sugar).After 1 minute, drain the syrup in a bowl and bring to a boil.
again and pour immediately roll, turn and keep up to cool down.
Jam "five-minute": Berries sort, wash.Cherry Mix with sugar and bring to a boil, boil for 5 minutes on medium heat.Remove from heat, pour into hot, steamed, banks.When banks have cooled, close the lid (on 1 kg of peeled cherry -1 kg of sugar).