sure to re-read the relevant chapter in the part "General features of plant growth" and try to determine what the land on your site (by soil-climatic zone and external characteristics).Try as much as possible to consult an expert (there are inventories of land) - even if it will have to pay a little bit;it will help you protect yourself from the many disappointments later.
Attention!If the land is located next to the road, the flowers almost impossible to protect from contamination by toxic substances.For this reason, very often the plants do not grow well in the city.Partially remove the problem, you can use meliorantov able to absorb (adsorb) harmful agents: activated carbon, expanded clay, vermiculite, various sludges (which are allowed to be used in agriculture as meliorantov), sapropel, and large doses of manure (if manurecontraindicated by the plants you want to grow in this place).
very important point of creating an open ground plants the necessary conditions for their cultivation in the open
land on which grow annuals and perennials, not wintering in the open field (tuber and bulb crops), autumn and especially in the spring need to dig: it not only improves the mechanical properties of the soil, but also serves as additional protection against weeds, as thisdestroyed their root system, and in the spring already sprouted weeds can be repaired in the ground as fertilizer.Dig the ground with shovels or hoes.In case of heavy contamination of soil by harmful substances and weed seeds available analogue plantage plowing - vzaimoperemescheniya deeper layers of soil to the top;applied this technique only in the autumn, fertilizer (mainly organic) in such cases necessarily.
black earth dug (plowed) to a depth of 30 cm, the soils with the lower layer of humus - the depth of the arable layer.
Deep loosening carried out when and where plowing is not possible - next to the trees, where perennials are growing, or where the plants have already been planted.Around trees and shrubs form the best way tillage is shtykovka using garden fork;between herbaceous (between the rows, and, where possible) - deep loosening hoe.In spring and autumn is cut loosened soil with a rake.
Simple loosening carried out after heavy rains and irrigation to the soil crust is not shrinking, the appropriate tool.
It is worth mentioning once again and mulching the soil, only occasionally encountered when caring for houseplants.Shelter plants open ground layers of straw, compost, wood chips and other Godyaev on mulch materials is not only a way to preserve moisture and maintain the soil in a loose state - mulching improves the thermal conditions at the wintering perennials, is one of the ways to combat
weeds andalso factor in the impact of the delay in the timing of plant flowering.Thus, mulching with sawdust on top of compacted snow layer enables to delay flowering lilies, peonies, phlox and delphiniums to a month, which will support the long decorative flower garden.