Useful and therapeutic properties baths
Healing properties of baths known to mankind since ancient times.Bath - this is not a simple procedure.It's a whole philosophy, and often an image and a lifestyle.No wonder there are many national traditions bath, which you can get an idea about the peoples who created them, and the climate in which these people lived.
main quality of a good bath - light steam and the optimal combination of temperature and humidity.Different bath traditions of this achieved in various ways.
Russian bath.From the chronicles it is known that Russian bath already existed in the IX-X centuries.Initially, it was a log house with caulked with moss slots.The guys find an oven, built of stone without a chimney, so when bath stoked all the smoke stayed in the room and the walls covered with black soot.There is also a barrel with water, which is heated using hot stones in a furnace.After bathing, bath ventilated by opening all doors.
More recently, scientists have found that these baths are very useful, as the smoke and soot co
This method of heating called "black" and the baths themselves were called "soap" or "Vlaznev".
Later, the "white" bath with furnaces having flue.
Visit baths for the Russian people has always been a real ritual, which allows not only to cleanse the body, remove the accumulated fatigue, but also get a boost of energy.In the bath, a person is not just sitting or lying down - he succumbed steam steamed broom between calls in a steam room is bathed in cold water or snow (depending on season), rests.
The Russian bath optimally combined humidity and temperature.But its main advantage has always been the presence of a light vapor, which is produced using a special stove.Its feature is that it gives no heat outward and inward.As a result, the stones are heated in an oven to a temperature of 700-800 ° C.When these stones poured water ( "lends itself to couples"), formed by a very fine and light vapor, which is very useful to humans.
Finnish sauna.Finnish sauna on the geographical position, climate peculiarities and "bath" tastes has always been closest to Russia.Initially, the Finns also existed bath "on-black", however, drowned them stronger, and the water used is much less than in the Russian steam rooms.Gradually, the sauna has become virtually "dry", and closed the oven was replaced by an open, in which hot stones are on the surface.
The Finnish saunas are poorly ventilated unlike the Russian baths.The air temperature in them is an average of about 120 ° C, but can reach up to 140 C. Due to the high air dry it is almost impossible to use Russian broom, but effectively carry out a kind of inhalation, dropping on the hot stones of a herbal infusion (eg, eucalyptus).
Finnish baths are very useful for people with respiratory diseases.
In Russia, with its harsh climate heat has always been tantamount to life, so anything that carried it in himself, was considered sacred.Therefore bath to play a special role in many rituals associated with it many omens and superstitions.The Sabbath in Russia has always been a bathrobe.On this day, no one did not work - everything from small to large, from the peasant to the prince - all soared.
Turkish Bath "Hamam".Asia is a region, the greater part of which is dominated by hot and sultry climate.Therefore baths are designed cool and moist.The temperature therein is maintained at about 30-40 ° C at a relative humidity of 100%.Create a light steam at a lower temperature directly in the steam room is impossible, therefore, in the Turkish baths was designed steam generator system and the delivery of hot humid air.An important role in maintaining a light pair played well warmed marble walls and floors.
Turkish baths trace their history directly from the antique, in particular, the Roman baths.From the luxury in the design, the system pools with water of different temperatures.
Unlike the Roman baths in the eastern bath completely lacking entertainment.But a mandatory component of the Turkish bath has always been a massage.
Roman Baths.Roman Baths were not only baths in the modern sense of the word.They had rooms for sports, locker room, hot bath, warm bath, cold bath, swimming pool.At a later time in the lush Imperial Baths were also a library, rooms for banquets, meetings and conversations.
According to the beliefs of the Romans of the time, Bath was one of the most effective medical means.On its medicinal properties poets have composed poems:
Deathly source of many of the baths, we find:
soften sputum can body moisture to take,
bile excess being driven from them guts,
Soften itching -pleasant and bothering it, -
and sighted;Well if anyone
felt bad to hear the ears cleaned.
carry Forgetfulness, memory is stored,
for reflection clarify the mind instantly,
the conversation lively direct speech,
A body is glistening with ablution there.
(Translation J. F. Schulz)
Thus, the Roman baths were quite a unique phenomenon, personal hygiene, medical, social and cultural functions.They were not only a place of rest, but also an excellent preventive tool, a kind of hydrotherapy to maintain the vitality and health of citizens.
Japanese bath "ofuro".Home bath "ofuro" appeared in Japan for more than 2500 years ago.It is a very special phenomenon that is fundamentally different from European or Asian.
It's a big wooden barrel, which is filled with water heated to a temperature of 45-50 ° C.For convenience, the barrel is installed a special stand sitting on that, you can take a half upright position.Water "ofuro" only covers the lower part of the body to the heart.The upper part is during the water vapor treatment.Bathers are in cask for 4-5 minutes, then wipe dry, clothed in a robe and lying relaxing on the couch.
Besides "ofuro", in Japan, there are other types of baths, many of which are to be submitted to the European exotic.One of them, used for therapeutic purposes, is the so-called sawdust.
mixture of sawdust, ground wood and cedar foliage and various medicinal and aromatic plants (the number may reach several tens) thick layer poured on a special bed and heated to 55-60 ° C.Then, on a bed fit a man whom sleep on the neck with another layer of sawdust.After the procedure, sawdust thoroughly shaken off."Sawdust room" has a multicomponent curative effect, providing simultaneous effect on the skin, respiratory system and nervous system.
Georgian Bath.Georgian baths appeared many centuries ago.They are based on the use of the natural mountain springs of hot steam, saturated with sulfur.Water from a source that was submitted in ceramic pipes, filled with marble basins.
Baths with fuming sulfuric water were placed in the caves, which in ancient times were illuminated by torches.In a separate part of the choir sang Georgian polyphonic songs that create a special atmosphere and a particular mindset.
In modern Georgian baths, besides bathing-pool with the adjacent stone massage couches, there is also a shower.Massage and washing produces a special tough mitt made of natural wool attendant-masseur.
Once Georgian baths worked around the clock.It arranged a dinner party, decide business issues.The "female" days were arranged bride brides.
most famous sulfur baths, which were described by Pushkin, in the capital of Georgia - Tbilisi.
Steam treatments train the cardiovascular system, strengthens the respiratory system, help to normalize blood pressure, help in the treatment of injuries, sprains, dislocations, with the salt deposits, kidney disease.Heat accelerates metabolism, improves skin, eliminates harmful bacteria and fungi.