Pain in the eye - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Eyes

Eye - the organ of vision.Eye pain can be caused by disorders of the eyeball (orbits) around the eyes or structures.

Eye has a number of components.These components include, but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, optic nerve, vitreous body and choroid.The cornea is the front part of the eye that transmits and focuses light into the eye.Pupil - the hole in the iris, which helps regulate the amount of light entering the eye.Inside the eye comprises transparent substance that promotes the penetration of light on the retina.

retina - the nerve layer at the back of the eye, catches the light from entering and creates impulses that travel through the optic nerve to the brain.Macula - a small portion of the retina that contains special light-sensitive cells and allows us to see fine details clearly.The optic nerve - the nerve that runs from the eye to the brain and carries the impulses formed by the retina to the visual cortex.Vascular layer is a thin layer between the vascular sclera

and the retina, it provides eye cells with oxygen and nutrients.

The vitreous is a clear gel-like substance that fills the eye lens.The medical term for pain in his eyes - oftalmalgiya (ophthalmalgia) and oftalmodeniya (ophthalmodynia).

In glaucoma, due to high intraocular pressure, the patient is often severe pain in the eye.Patients describe the pain as a pressure, stress the occurrence of an ache in the eye, foreign body sensation.This condition is also typical for an acute attack of glaucoma.

diseases that can cause pain in the eyes

• Blepharitis
• Burns (first aid)
• Glaucoma
• Migraine
• Optic neuritis
• Syndrome Sjogren

Possible causes of pain in the eyes

• Corneal abrasion
• temporal arteritis
• infections, including herpes viruses, fungi, and bacteria (common infections and viruses often cause pain in the eyes when looking at bright lights, called photophobia)
• Irit (also known as uveitis, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile rheumatoidarthritis, reactive arthritis)
• keratoconjunctivitis Sikka
• The object in the eye (foreign matter, sand, contact lenses, etc.)
• pinguecula (thickened portion of the conjunctiva of the eyeball)
• Sinus problems (sinusitis, polyps)
• barley
• subconjunctival hemorrhage (although usually painless)
• Trauma (direct hit, surgery)
• Tumors or around the eyes (rarely)

Certainly the most common cause of pain and discomfort in the eyes may be incorrect glasses or contact lenses.If there are no complications, physicians prescribe means promoting tissue repair ocular surface, the most efficient use of an ophthalmic gel and eye drops.Eliminates causes discomfort gel "Korneregel".It includes carbomer based on a soft gel that retains the full humidification and dexpanthenol, has a healing effect.For those who feel discomfort and dryness of 3 or more times a day, you should choose a drop "Artelak Balance", which combines the unique combination of hyaluronic acid and vitamin B12.Hyaluronic acid on the surface of the eye forms a film, providing long-lasting hydration.The action of hyaluronic acid extends a special protector.Vitamin B12 - the most powerful antioxidant that protects cells from damage by free radicals.Those who experience the discomfort is not often 2-3 times per day, drops suit "Artelak Splash", having as part of hyaluronic acid, which provides instant hydration.Regardless of the symptoms of discomfort and dryness prevention well be used in combination with data eyedrops gel on the basis of dexpanthenol.