Hallucinations - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Head

Hallucinations - this imaginary perception, perception without an object, the sensations that occur without stimulus.Hallucinations - is a fraud, mistake, error of perception of the senses where the patient sees, hears or feels something that is not really.

functioning of the brain is not fully studied, namely unrecognized and concealed most extraordinary and mysterious.Hallucinations - from this area.The brain shows us images that do not exist.Auditory hallucinations are perceived as the voice of "more than."Hallucinations are known from time immemorial.They attached particular importance.In the rituals of ancient shamans Indians used the "sacred" for mushrooms falling into a trance and induce "visions".These mushrooms were considered divine, images and statues of fungi found in the ancient temples.Maya is widely used hallucinogenic drugs mushrooms, herbs, tobacco, cactus) in religious and medicinal purposes, for the treatment of pain.Many well-known talented people have experienced hallucinations (al

cohol, opium, schizophrenia, psychosis) and at the same time gave the world a new literary genre - Edgar Allan Poe, Hemingway, Jonathan Swift, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Gogol, Esenin, Guy de Maupassant;masterpieces of art - Vincent Van Gogh, Goya;Vrubel;music - Chopin;Mathematics - John Forbes Nash, the Nobel Prize for the development in the field of game theory and differential geometry.The interweaving of the spiritual world, the real world and the world of perceptions under the influence of a psychopathic genius in the process become unpredictable and spectacular.But in the end lead to the degradation and devastation.

paintings with hallucinations

distinguish hallucinations: visual, olfactory, auditory, gustatory, general feelings (visceral and muscular).

Causes hallucinations

Visual hallucinations - vision visual images faded or bright color, fixed and entire scenes in which the patient can take part in the absence of them in reality.

Visual hallucinations

Perhaps their appearance in cases of poisoning by alcohol (as a symptom of delirium tremens), drugs and substances with psychoactive effects (LSD, cocaine, hashish, opium, amphetamines, beta-blockers, sympathomimetics), means M-holinoblokiruyuschim effect (atropine, skopalamin, antiparkinsonian agents, phenothiazines, central muscle relaxants - cyclobenzaprine, orphenadrine, tricyclic antidepressants, plant toxins - datura, belladonna, mushrooms - death cup), some organic tin compounds.Visual hallucinations in combination with auditory hallucinations may be at the Creutzfeldt - Jakob disease, Lewy body disease, occlusion of the posterior cerebral artery (pedicellate hallucinosis).

Auditory hallucinations - the patient hears the sound, which is really no - word shouts, voices that are ordering, scolding, praise.There are schizophrenia, alcoholic hallucinosis, poisoning psychotic substances, cocaine, Lewy body disease, simple partial seizures.

Olfactory hallucinations - sense of smell in his absence.It occurs in lesions of the temporal lobe of the brain, schizophrenia.In schizophrenia often felt unpleasant odors, putrid, rotten.When herpes encephalitis, simple partial seizures olfactory hallucinations may be combined with flavor.

taste - feeling not present taste stimulus, pleasant or disgusting taste in the mouth.The patient may be because of this, refuse to eat.

Tactile hallucinations - the patient feels no existing items - with alcohol withdrawal syndrome, in conjunction with visual and auditory hallucinations.

Corporal hallucinations - unpleasant sensations in the body - the current flow, bursting bubbles in the gut, touching the body, grasping the arms and legs - in schizophrenia, encephalitis.

Hallucinations are true and false.True hallucinations patient sees side, hallucinatory images are of the nature of reality, as if projected into space.False hallucinations do not have projections in the outer space, the patient sees and hears them in the head - a hallucination projected in the head, and are not perceived by the senses.

Hallucinations are simple and complex.Simple hallucinations capture the reflection of one sensory organ.The combination of hallucinations of two or more of the senses is called complex.If you see an imp, you hear his steps, feel the cold on his back, hear his whisper - you experience a complex hallucination.For the development of complex hallucinations matters suggestion, an personality traits, mental, psychological complexes.The content of hallucinations diverse, quirky and unexpected, it arises from the psychic sphere stock unwitting mental activity.

diseases for which there are

hallucinations arise hallucinations in schizophrenia, epilepsy, brain tumors, alcoholic psychoses, infectious diseases, syphilis of the brain, herpes encephalitis, cerebral atherosclerosis, poisoning drugs - cocaine, LSD, mescaline.Hallucinations occur when hypothermia.

hallucinatory-paranoid syndrome - a patient seeing hallucinations (frightening - murder, rape, threats) takes them for reality and explains their content - nonsense.Develops alcoholic psychosis, schizophrenia, cerebral syphilis.

hallucinosis - a syndrome characterized by the presence of pronounced and persistent (usually auditory) hallucinations - most often alcoholism, syphilis.

Delirium tremens - alcoholic psychosis, characterized by true visual hallucinations, delusional disorders, behavior change, restlessness.Develops on the background of abstinence or hangover.First, the illusion, then the true hallucinations.Most often the patient sees small animals, insects, less snakes, devils, humans.Visual hallucinations can be combined with auditory, olfactory, tactile.The patient is excited, its movements correspond to the visions hallucinations.Brad is the content of hallucinations.

Alcohol hallucinosis - alcoholic psychosis - in the evening or at night when insomnia occurs acute anxiety, fear and auditory deceptions.The sense of threat has come from a delusional perception of "the world altered reality."Voters often quarrel, argue, angry voice arguing with the good.The feeling of fear is growing, and the patient is trying to escape.Developed at the height of hard drinking or abstinence.Acute hallucinosis lasts from 2 days to a month, subacute - 1 - 3 months, chronic - from 6 months.

Prison hallucinosis - delusional perception of reality with auditory hallucinations - whisper prosecution.

chronic tactile hallucinosis - patient constantly seems that the skin and under the skin crawl creepy worms - with organic brain lesions, senile psychoses.

In some cases, poisoning tetraethyl lead (contained in leaded petrol) there is an acute psychotic disorder with consciousness and hallucinatory experiences - most imperative auditory hallucinations and tactile - Hair taste in the mouth.

with syphilis of the brain are auditory hallucinations in the form of individual sounds and words, exclamations, visual hallucinations unpleasant content.

The drug combines hallucinations and auditory and visual images, unreal, terrifying evil creatures, delusions of persecution, jealousy.

visual hallucinations polinarkomana .

arises mood disorder, anxiety, fears, insomnia and hallucinatory manifestations of decompensation of heart disease.With the improvement of the physical condition and the normalization of blood circulation all mental disorders are.

In rheumatic heart diseases and developing joint irritability, intolerance, tearfulness, sleep disturbances, deceptions of perception, especially in the evenings, sometimes nodules hallucinations.

auditory and visual hallucinations are possible with malignancies.Plays a role in the development of toxicity of the disease, wasting, brain damage, use as analgesic drugs.

With infectious diseases - typhus and typhoid fever, malaria, pneumonia - can be influxes of visual hallucinations, illusory nature of perceptions surrounding objects and fragmentary delusional statements about the exciting, frightening scenes, the attack monsters, death.When the temperature drops everything disappears.

amentia - severe impairment of consciousness, characterized by the violation of the integrity of the perception of an object, a violation of the synthesis of perceptions, a violation of thinking, speech, orientation in space and currently, hallucinations.Occurs when the endogenous psychoses (traumatic, infectious, toxic).It can be fatal.For the period amentia survivors develops amnesia (loss of memory).

Hallucinations are a symptom of mental illness - schizophrenia, psychoses.

Hallucinogenic mushrooms

Millennium known fungi that can cause hallucinations.

Hallucinogenic mushrooms - Psilocybe - account for more than 20 species grow on the ground, dead plants, twigs, on marshland, peat, manure, humus on the forest.Mushrooms contain psychoactive substances tryptamine group - neurotoxic venom, which causes hallucinations, psychoneuroses, drug addiction and death.


Red fly agaric - a very strong hallucinogen, some peoples of Siberia call it the "mushroom insane" when using it in food arises tremor, agitation, visual hallucinations.


Medications that cause hallucinations

Some medications can cause hallucinations - narcotic analgesics, some antibiotics and antiviral drugs, sulfonamides, anti, anticonvulsants, antihistamines, antiparkinsonian, antidepressants, cardiotropic, antihypertensives, psychostimulants, tranquilizers, drugs - mescaline, cocaine, crack, LSD, PCP, psilocybin.

patient survey with hallucinations

On the left patient with mushroom poisoning and hallucinations.

Drinking hallucinations can be critical and not critical.One can understand that their voice audible and scenes are not real and can consider their actual reality.A more realistic scenes correspond to reality - a vision of relatives, for example.Patients experiencing hallucinations can distinguish hallucinations from reality, and can not, can feel something like precursors to the occurrence of hallucinations.People may notice the presence of hallucinations on the patient's behavior - gestures, facial expressions, words and actions that do not match reality.If a person is not able to estimate the condition of this should take care of others and take to the doctor - a psychiatrist, a neurologist for a thorough examination.

on pre-hospital stage, important to protect the patient and others, to prevent dangerous traumatic actions and deeds.

It is important to clarify the nature of hallucinations in the diagnosis and care methods, supervision of the patient.The survey includes tests and procedures performed in cases of suspected any of the conditions listed above.

the way physicians treat if you experience hallucinations

may need help doctors:

- Neurologist
- Psychiatrist
- Psychiatrist
- Oncologist

Treatment hallucinations

Depending on the underlying disease is conducted individual treatment.In acute conditions requiring hospitalization.When expressed hallucinations used antipsychotics, sedatives, tranquilizers, detoxication therapy.The main thing in time to see a doctor.

Doctor's consultation on hallucinations

question: can there be a hallucination in a healthy person?
Answer: In healthy people, can be an illusion - visual, auditory, gustatory, tactile - a distortion of the perception of real-world objects of the world.Flowing water can seem in conversation, bathrobe hanging in a dark room can be accepted per person, strange shadows in the dusk under a bush for animals.Illusions can be and in infectious diseases, poisoning, exhaustion.There is an illusion when the perception, feeling inadequate representation added.

neurologist Kobzev SV