Blood in the sputum : coughing up blood , saliva, blood - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) - all cases of separation when you cough blood, whether it be blood streaks in the sputum or massive bleeding from the respiratory tract.Obviously, with a strong cough with blood the patient must be fully examined in order to be able to set the specific cause of this phenomenon.Because you can not be completely sure that the presence of blood streaks in the sputum is the result of an exceptionally benign condition of the patient with the option of cough with blood it must also be fully examined.The big mistake is linking periodically occurring cough with blood but with some one previously diagnosed, such as chronic bronchitis or bronchiectasis.This approach may lead to the fact that serious, but potentially treatable disease may remain unrecognized.The safest approach to recurrent episodes of cough with blood is to consider each of these cases is always a first (not related to the previous), followed by a complete examination of the patient.
saliva with blood can appe
Which diseases arise Coughing up blood:
Causes cough with blood
Before carrying out all kinds of diagnostic procedures to identify the causes of cough with blood, it is extremely important to make sure that the blood actually comes from the respiratory tract, rather than fromnasal or gastrointestinal tract.Distinguish coughing up blood from vomiting with blood is sometimes quite difficult.Cough with blood is usually preceded by the appearance of a tingling feeling in the throat or cough, blood is released with a cough, as a rule, it is bright red and frothy.Harbingers blood vomiting are nausea and discomfort in the abdominal cavity;Blood flows from the vomit, it resembles the color of red aniline dye.Once installed the source of blood flow, you can proceed to perform diagnostic tests to determine the cause of hemoptysis.In the literature you can find a large number of reports on individual diseases accompanied by cough with blood.
to pathologic conditions, most commonly causing coughing up blood include:
1) inflammatory diseases (bronchitis, bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, lung abscess, pneumonia, especially caused by Klebsiella);
2) tumors (lung cancer, including squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, oat cell), bronchial adenoma;
3) other [thromboembolism vascular lung failure of the left ventricle, mitral valve stenosis, trauma, including foreign bodies and bruised lung, primary pulmonary hypertension (anomalies of the arteries of veins and, Eisenmenger syndrome, pulmonary vasculitis, including Wegener's granulomatosis and Goodpasture's syndrome, idiopathichemosiderosis lung amyloidosis), hemorrhagic diathesis, including anticoagulant treatment].
Frequency Registration reasons listed above depends on the institution in which the sick, and on what grounds are judged by a bleeding stock: high volume blood or sputum her veins.If to take into account both signs, the most common cause of cough with blood are bronchitis and bronchiectasis (approximately 60-70% of cases).The surgical hospitals more often extensive lung damage and disease requiring surgery: cancer (20%), localized, segmental or lobar bronchiectasis (30%).TB hospitals in the most common cause of hemoptysis is, of course, tuberculosis (2-40% of cases).Reports of cough with blood, which include both therapeutic and surgical patients, the range is very wide: carcinoma (20%), bronchiectasis (30%), bronchitis (15%), and other inflammatory diseases including tuberculosis (10-20%), and other diseases, including diseases, and traumatic hemorrhagic (10%).However, even with the most careful examination in 5-15% of cases of massive hemoptysis its exact cause can not be established.
When discussing diseases accompanied by cough with blood, it should be emphasized two points:
1) coughing up blood is rare in metastatic carcinoma of the lung;
2) although the virus or pneumococcal pneumonia can sometimes appear scant hemoptysis, in every such case it is necessary to think about the possibility of having a more serious underlying disease.
If you feel generally well and coughing up phlegm with a small amount of blood accidental phenomenon - should not have to worry;but if it is repeated, or if you appear more and more symptoms - it may indicate one of the following serious illness and you should immediately seek medical attention.
By the way physicians treat when there is coughing blood:
- Tuberculosis specialist
Which diseases arise saliva with blood:
- Hypothyroidism (Hypothyroidism)
organism - Esophagealring
- Cancers of the head and
neck - lung cancer
- Acute bronchitis
By the way physicians treat when there is saliva with blood:
- Tuberculosis specialist