Bad Breath - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Halitosis is caused, as a rule, a disease of the digestive organs (stomach, liver, intestines, teeth and oral cavity).
This is the result of the disease, also known as "halitosis".This problem is by no means insurmountable.Methods of treating it is usually very simple and effective - only need to correctly identify the main cause of the odor.In most cases, it occurs due to accumulation in the human mouth - on the tongue, and around the teeth between the teeth - a large number of anaerobic bacteria.
Do you have bad breath?
Of course, under certain circumstances, each of us may receive bad breath - and we ourselves can often learn about it only by people's reactions, we have others.To determine whether you have bad breath, it is often difficult, especially because the oral cavity, the source of these odors is connected to the nose by means of the hole, which is located at the back of the oral cavity, in the soft palate.Since nose "filters" odors that appear in the posterior region of the mouth, so it f
If even our own noses can not help us to determine with certainty the smell of our breath - can we still learn about it?One way - to know the opinion in this occasion someone from your immediate family.You can also contact the same request to a close friend, or your dentist at the next visit to him.If this question seems too personal and you are afraid of "trust" it to adults, and do not hesitate to ask about your children.As we well know, it is often their mouth speaketh the truth.
it possible to independently determine the smell of your breath?
Such methods are also known.For example, lick your wrist, let the saliva to dry for about five seconds and then smell the place.Well?Something like you and smell.Or, to be precise, the smell of the front part of your tongue.
Now try to figure out how to smell the back of your tongue.Take a spoon and turn it over, and scrape it the most distant part of the language.(Do not be surprised if at the same time you start to choke).Look at the left on the spoon substance that you scraped from a language - it is usually thick and whitish.Now smell it.Such your breath odor (odorless unlike the front part of the tongue) is likely to feel around.
main cause odor
Now you know that in most cases the source of bad breath is a white substance that covers the back of the tongue.Or, to be more precise - the bacteria that live in the white substance.(There is another, also a very common cause of bad breath - a bacteria that accumulate in other areas of the mouth).
What conditions or circumstances may cause or contribute to an unpleasant smell?
Many of these factors are somehow connected with:
- oral bacteria.
- Conditions that encourage the growth of these bacteria.
- Bad cleaning areas where bacteria accumulate.
Can cause an unpleasant smell food?
Certain foods have long been famous for the perpetrators odors, such as onions or garlic.When the digestion of food their constituent molecules are absorbed by the body and then the flow of blood are removed from it.
Some of these molecules have a very characteristic odor and, together with the blood flow fall into our lungs.From the lungs they are displayed when you exhale - hence the unpleasant smell.Although this kind of unpleasant smell - quite an annoying problem on these pages, we will not discuss it in detail.Bad breath caused by eating certain foods, usually disappears by itself in a day or two - as soon as the body will show all the "foul-smelling" molecule.And get rid of this smell is simple enough - just need to eliminate from your diet such products or reduce their consumption to a minimum.
Does the formation of an unpleasant smell smoke?
You probably have met with strong people smoking, breathing which has a specific smell.Although the formation of odor, knitted smoking affect many factors, chief among them - is the nicotine, tar and other foul-smelling substances contained in tobacco smoke.These substances accumulate on the teeth and soft tissues of the smoker's mouth - the gums, buccal tissue, language.Again, make a reservation - an unpleasant odor of this type, we also will not discuss in detail on these pages.The only way to completely get rid of the smell - to quit smoking (although, to perfect oral hygiene, the odor can be somewhat weakened).Note also, that in itself Smoking dehydrates the tissues of the mouth.From this weakens moisturizing and disinfecting effect of saliva, which washes away bacteria and their metabolic products.Dry mouth is discussed more fully below.It is known that smokers often have problems associated with periodontal disease ( "gum disease").
Periodontal disease also occur due to bacterial activity.Gum disease and its relationship with an unpleasant odor is discussed more fully below.
Does xerostomia (dry mouth) the emergence of odor?
Even if you have no particular problems associated with an unpleasant odor, you nevertheless probably noticed that in the morning when you just wake up, your breath is much less fresh.This is because our mouth at night "dry" - because during sleep our body produces saliva in smaller amounts.The result of this drying out and is the "morning breath."A similar "drying effect" is often noticed in, for example, teachers or lawyers, who have to speak for a few hours - this mouth too dry.Some people suffer from chronic dry mouth - a disease called "xerostomia".They are even more difficult to solve the problems with the freshness of breath.Moisture in our mouths helps cleanse.We are constantly swallowing saliva - and with every breath of his mouth washed out millions of bacteria and food particles that the bacteria feed.In addition, saliva dissolves and washes away waste products of bacteria that live in the mouth.
Saliva - a special form of mouth moisturizing liquid, a kind of natural cleaner mouth.Cleansing and solvent action can have any moisture;saliva, furthermore, contains special components that kill bacteria and neutralizing their metabolic products.When drying of the mouth beneficial effect of saliva is greatly reduced.Neutralization of bacteria slows down, and improved conditions for their growth.
Chronic dry mouth - dry mouth - may be a side effect of taking certain medications.Xerostomia can cause antihistamines (medicines against allergies and the common cold), antidepressants, drugs that regulate blood pressure, diuretics, tranquilizers, narcotic substances.With age, the dryness of the mouth may increase.Over time, our salivary glands do not work with the same efficiency, and changing the composition of saliva.This causes that weaken the cleaning properties of saliva.People for a long time suffering from xerostomia, are more common periodontal disease (gum disease).Gum disease can also cause an unpleasant smell.
Can periodontal disease cause bad breath?
Periodontal disease, which in common parlance referred to simply as "gum disease" can also cause halitosis.Ask any dentist - the smell of gum disease at a very specific and an experienced doctor can determine the presence of such a disease even before the examination of the patient.Periodontal disease - second degree common cause of bad breath (the first, as you will remember - the accumulation of bacteria).Most often they occur in people older than 35 years - that is, the older the person, the greater the likelihood that problems with the freshness of breath caused by the state of his gums.Periodontal disease - a bacterial infection of the soft tissues surrounding the teeth.If this disease is run, it can cause serious damage to the bone in which the "inserted" our teeth.Often, if the disease progresses, the gums between the teeth and form spaces (dentists call them "periodontal pockets"), which accumulates a large amount of bacteria.These pockets are so deep that it is difficult to properly clean;collects in these bacteria and their metabolic products also cause bad breath.
Can cause odor respiratory disease?
course, can.Respiratory diseases, allergies - all these diseases lead to the fact that the mucus begins to flow from the nasal cavity in the mouth, through the hole in the soft palate.Accumulation of these secretions in the mouth can also cause bad breath.
People with sinus disease, the nose is often laid down, forcing them to breathe through the mouth.Breathing through the mouth contributes to its drying out, which, as we know, also causes bad breath.When sinus disease often take antihistamines (allergy) drugs, which also contribute to drying out the mouth.
Under what dental diseases can arise unpleasant smell?
In most cases the occurrence of malodor in the mouth associated with various diseases of the oral cavity directly.Any active infection in the mouth, connected, for example, a tooth abscess or partially cut through wisdom tooth can cause an unpleasant smell.Extensive untreated cavities on the teeth can accumulate a large number of bacteria and food debris, which also become a cause of bad breath.If you have such diseases, when viewed from your dentist is required to identify them and offer effective treatments.
Can cause an unpleasant smell other untreated disease?
Some diseases of the internal organs can also cause an unpleasant smell, but more often the cause - the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth.If the patient has tried all the usual in such cases, the elimination of odor, but they may not lead to anything - did not prevent a visit to a therapist.Your doctor will, of course, knows what diseases are most likely in your case;but, for general information, - bad breath may occur in diseases of the respiratory tract, liver, kidney, gastro-intestinal diseases.
Can cause odor dentures?
Dentures (full, partial, removable, etc.) can have a significant impact on the freshness of your breath.If you wear a denture, you can perform a simple test that will show whether contributes to the emergence of your denture odor:
Remove your dentures and place them in a closed container - for example, a plastic lunch box.Close it and leave so for five minutes.Then open it dramatically and immediately smell.About the smell from your mouth and feel the people with whom you speak.
Although in most cases the occurrence of bad breath is associated with the accumulation of bacteria on the tongue, the teeth or around them (periodontal disease), bacteria can accumulate on the surface of dentures - and it also becomes the cause of odor.
What it is in fact the main cause of bad breath?
In most cases, the occurrence of bad breath is associated with the state of the oral cavity.Namely - the unpleasant odor is usually caused by bacteria that live in it.Bacteria, like people, throughout their lives consume food and excrete its waste.wastes some bacterial species represent a sulfur compound, and they are the cause of malodor.Remember the smell of rotten egg?This scent also cause the formation of the egg sulfur compounds - hydrogen sulfide.The characteristic smell of compost heaps or farmyards also owes its "fragrance" to the presence of sulfur compounds - methyl mercaptan.Both of these compounds produced by bacteria living in our mouths.These compounds have the general name of "volatile sulfur compounds" (PVR).The term "volatile" means that these materials are vaporized rapidly, even at normal temperatures."Volatility" of these compounds, and due to their ability to quickly penetrate, so to speak, in the noses of the people around us.Although these substances in the ground and form bad breath bacteria.inhabiting the oral cavity, isolated and other products having a very unpleasant odor.Here are some of them:
- Kadavrin - substance forming the characteristic smell of corpses.
- Putrescine - forming the stench of rotting meat when.
- Skatole - the main component of the smell of human faeces.
You probably will quite surprised to learn that in the normal human mouth can be a "bouquet" of unpleasant odors - but it's true, and exceptions, unfortunately, does not happen.Each person in varying degrees, has in its breath these, so to speak, flavors.Fortunately, the human sense of smell does not detect these odors if their concentration in the breath is low.Only when it rises, it forms the very characteristic odor.
What types of bacteria cause an unpleasant smell?
Most of the chemical compounds that cause the unpleasant smell (hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, kadavrin, putrescine, skatole), distinguished by anaerobic bacteria (more than the exact name - Gram-negative anaerobes).The term "anaerobic" means that they live and proliferate best in those places where there is no oxygen.In our mouths it is a constant struggle for living space between the bacteria that release products, forming an unpleasant smell, and other bacteria that do not.The freshness of our breathing and is determined, in fact, the degree of equilibrium in the presence of those and other bacteria.The accumulation of plaque (white film which is formed on the tongue and teeth - at and below the gum line) can alter this equilibrium in favor bacteria forming an unpleasant smell.Imagine - a layer of plaque thickness of just one or two tenths of a millimeter (ie thickness of about a dollar bill) is a completely free of oxygen - that is the best place for the bacteria to be found.Therefore, as the plaque builds up, it is inhabited by more and more bacteria, forming an unpleasant smell - and hence our every breath contains more substances, produced by these bacteria.
The anaerobic bacteria feed on, forming an unpleasant smell?
Most bad smelling substances that make up the bad breath bacteria isolated after protein consumption.That is when we eat foods such as meat or fish, get their share of food and live in our mouth bacteria.And the fact that they release after a meal, and there are the same compound.that cause bad breath.Anaerobic bacteria will find proteins - their favorite food - what you like, you even eaten cheeseburger.Furthermore, in our mouths always exists for them and "natural" food protein - for example, dead skin cells, or multiple protein components contained in saliva.If you regularly use a toothbrush and a thread in your mouth for bacteria formed a feast - leftover food from today's lunch, dinner yesterday, the day before yesterday afternoon ...
What foods contain the most protein?
Meat, fish and seafood, eggs, dairy products (milk, cheese and yogurt) - all of these protein products very much.Most people get about two thirds of the required proteins is one of them.Other protein sources - cereals and their products, nuts, legumes (peas, beans and lentils).The ingredients that make up many of our favorite desserts (such as cakes and pies), makes these delicious dishes in the real storage protein.
home to bacteria that cause bad odor?
In most cases, these bacteria accumulate on the tongue, but they have a lot of other "habitat".
Remember the 'experiment', which we recommend you do at the beginning of this section.