Cracks , " Zayed " in the corners of the mouth - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Zayed - a blanching of the skin, scaling, painful cracks at the corners of the mouth.
Synonyms: Zayed, slit impetigo perlesh, angular stomatitis, angular stomatitis.
Photo Cracks in the corners of the mouth perleches
reasons Zayed in the corners of the mouth
common cause of the disease is the bacterium Streptococcus (strep Zayed), sometimes fungal flora (candida Zayed).
emergence of streptococcal perleches contribute to dry skin, and skin microtrauma contamination, overheating or hypothermia, habits licking lips and corners of the mouth, failure to comply with hygiene rules at undervalued bite, presence of carious teeth, dentures, briquettes.
Zayed called Candida yeast fungi of the genus Candida.Isolated candida Zayed practically does not occur, often associated with candidiasis tongue, mouth, red border of the lips, cheilitis.Yeast fungi are widespread in nature, they can be found on fruit, vegetables, dairy products.How to conditionally pathogenic flora, they live on the skin and mucous
Zayed often act as a manifestation of iron deficiency anemia, one of the main and visible sign of which is the pallor of the skin, mucous membranes, conjunctiva eyes.Iron deficiency appears rough and dry skin, painful cracks at the corners of the mouth, brittle and dullness of hair, hair loss, brittle nails, and haze.One of the causes of anemia - an unbalanced diet, a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, leading to vitamin deficiencies and.
deficiency of vitamin B2, ariboflavinoz, characterized by lesions of the mucous membranes of the lips, tongue, Zayed, peeling of the skin around the mouth, the nose wings, on the part of the changes of (photophobia, lacrimation, blurred vision).The main causes of the various forms of vitamin B2: a sharp decline in the consumption of dairy products is an important dietary source of riboflavin;chronic gastrointestinal disease.
Long, with frequent relapses perleches occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus.Metabolic disorders in this disease lead to lower resistance to bacterial infection and trophic skin changes.The disease is manifested by dryness of the skin, itching, increased thirst, weakness.
survey at Zayed
order to establish the causes of Zayed, besides fixing the clinical manifestations of laboratory tests are needed.The microscopic study of scraping perleches determine the presence of yeasts, confirming or not confirming the nature of the disease of Candida.
necessary to deliver a complete blood count to exclude anemia and inflammation;blood glucose, to exclude diabetes.
Streptococcal and candidiasis'll pick must be differentiated from syphilis.Clinically (in appearance), it is not enough of them differ.Complex serological reactions (DAC) will be positive for syphilis.
Zayed treatment at the corners of the mouth
During the treatment of cracks in the corners of the mouth is necessary to eliminate the adverse external effects on the skin: not lick your lips, use lip balm, apply skin care products for skin care.Exclude from the diet of spicy, sour, salty, irritate the skin and lips.It should be added in the diet vegetables, fruits.Include in your diet foods rich in riboflavin and iron.These are: cabbage, liver, beef, dairy products, potatoes, almonds, peanuts.Take a multivitamin.Quit smoking or restrict smoking dramatically.
skin around perleches can handle 2 to 3 times a day aniline dye, for example fukortsinom.This preparation for external application has antimicrobial and antifungal activity.Also apply a 3% boric alcohol, antiseptic (disinfectant) and disinfectant action.Among the folk remedies used tea tree oil has antiseptic, antibacterial and antifungal activity.2-3 drops applied to the damaged areas of skin 2-3 times a day.
Since perleches are one of the manifestations of pyoderma and candidiasis of the skin on the background of immune deficiency, then the late begun treatment the disease can take a stubborn and recurrent nature and spread to the surrounding tissues.
To which the doctor ask for treatment in the corners of the mouth Zayed
establish the diagnosis, appropriate treatment can dermatologist.He will recommend what you need to pass additional examinations and consult any doctors.
If the patient receives constant hormonal drugs, cytostatics, is HIV-positive, that in the event of Zayed need to consult a dermatologist immediately, in time to begin treatment.
physician therapist of the highest category Vostrenkova I.N