Decreased appetite - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Stomach

Appetite - is the emotional expression of the body's needs and the human desire for certain foods.Loss of appetite - a partial or complete failure of the meal.

In medicine, there are concepts, the feeling of hunger and appetite.These are different things!Hunger - a reflex that occurs when there is no intake of food.It manifested by exciting hunger centers located both in the cortex and subcortical structures.Excitation signal for hunger centers, is reduction of blood glucose, and other nutrients.A sign of hunger is to increase saliva, acute sense of smell, pulling, sucking sensation under the "spoon" (under the tongue and in the projection of the stomach).Appetite is more selective manifestation of hunger that occurs by preference to those or other products, depending on the time of day, emotional state, religious, and national habits.

Change in appetite may occur:

total loss of appetite (do not want nothing).
appetite changes (broken flavoring needs in relation to any group of products).
complete lack of appetite (anorexia).

reasons for the lack or loss of appetite

can identify the following reasons for the lack or loss of appetite.

1. intoxication as a result of inflammation or poisoning.In this case, during the height of the disease or poisoning, the body becomes to digest food, all the forces thrown at the elimination of toxins and waste products.

2. Pain, discomfort, an exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

3. Endocrine disorders - with a decrease in the thyroid gland, the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus (the subcortical structures of the brain).

4. Abnormalities in metabolism in the body (primarily in cancer states)

5. Neuromuscular psychiatric disorders (neurosis, depression).

With which diseases occur Decreased appetite:

- Addison's disease (bronze disease)
- Still's disease (chronic arthritis in children)
- Still's disease - Chauffard (Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis)
- Typhoid
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (Gastro-pischevodny reflux)
- Dementia (Dementia)
- Depression
- Depression and stress during the holidays
- Peptic ulcer (ulcer of the stomach and duodenum)
- Cancer
- Seasonal affective disorder
- Schizoaffective disorder
- Anorexia

intoxicationas a result of inflammation or poisoning

For this reason, reducing appetite are the beginning and the height of the acute, respiratory viral diseases, influenza.

Chronic viral hepatitis in acute kidney disease with symptoms of renal failure, intestinal infections in acute rheumatic disease during exacerbations.(Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, vasculitis).Any external poisoning - this food toxins (tainted, overdue food) and chemical substances, especially alcohol substitutes, carbon monoxide poisoning, drugs

During this period, the body simply can not cope with the digestion of food.No need to force-feed a patient in the acute phase.We only hurt, adding, as a result of incomplete digestion of food, toxins in the body.But the introduction of the liquid to a greater extent under the conditions of no violation of urination and a lack of propensity to edema, can help the body to cleanse itself of toxins and decomposition products formed during the struggle with the infectious agent.You can use any fruit drinks, particularly good displays toxins cranberries, cranberries, currants.Suitable for this purpose and low-mineralized alkaline mineral water and just boiled.Once the patient's body free from toxins, recover and appetite.

in the diagnosis of these diseases is important history, whether contact with an infected person?Eliminate the possibility of poisoning.

Possible research and analysis for this reason, the alleged lack or loss of appetite:

complete blood count - eliminates inflammatory diseases, CRP and rheumatoid factor are appointed for suspected autoimmune inflammatory diseases (rheumatism).In cases where the likelihood of infectious enterocolitis (dysentery, salmonellosis, etc.) it is important to be tested for bacteriological stool cultures to identify the causative agent.

Pain, discomfort, an exacerbation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

If you have any pain or dyspeptic symptoms (nausea, vomiting, heartburn, belching, bitter taste in the mouth), are manifested at an aggravation of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, there is a purely reflex fear of eating.These diseases include: esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus), gastritis, gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, pancreatitis, chronic enteritis, colitis.Help in these diseases - frequent, small meals, gentle enveloping power.For example prepared as liquid cereal porridges such as oat, buckwheat, semolina, rice, with a minimum amount of salt, without the addition of spices.Naturally diet should be accompanied by traditional drug therapy, appointed the courses.To assign the appropriate treatment is necessary at the first symptoms of these diseases promptly seek medical attention.With the termination of exacerbations, reduced and appetite.But you need to stick to a diet for a long time.

Possible research and analysis for this reason, the alleged lack or loss of appetite:

complete blood count, liver function tests (transaminases AST and ALT, GGTG, bilirubin, amylase, cholesterol, PTI) check-evoke liver function, to avoid virushepatitis have to be tested for markers of hepatitis B and C. It is possible the passage of the ultrasound examination of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas with suspected liver disease and pancreatic cancer.FGS (fibrogastroscopy), a rather unpleasant gastric investigation procedure introduced by the mouth fibrogastroscopy (done only on an empty stomach), is assigned to eliminate gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenum.If unable to confirm the diagnosis by simple methods, assigned computer or magnetic resonance imaging of internal organs.

Endocrine disorders.

First of all, it refers to the decrease in thyroid hormone function.Hypothyroidism (miksidema, Gall disease) is characterized by a decrease in the overall vitality.

reduces not only the appetite, but also blood pressure, there is fatigue, sleepiness, slowing of speech, all the symptoms of this disease occur gradually during perhaps a few years.Sometimes hypothyroidism is secondary in nature and is associated with impaired function of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, which affects the thyroid function.

Possible research and analysis for this reason, the alleged lack or loss of appetite:

analysis for thyroid hormones - T3 and T4 as well as the TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone), thyroid ultrasound.To eliminate diseases of the pituitary and hypothalamus can assign a computer tomography of the brain.

Disturbances in metabolism in the body.

In this section, primarily cancer.Malignant tumors in any organ of the second rebuild the body's metabolism.As a result, even at the primary stage of the disease there is a decrease in appetite and taste disturbance.It is an alarming sign of cancer in terms of rejection and intolerance to meat products (if earlier attitude to the meat was common).Surveys of suspected cancers are prescribed in accordance with the clinical manifestations of the accompanying change in appetite.

nervously mental disorders (neurosis, depression).

disorders in the psycho-emotional sphere whose depression.One of the major signs of the disease that is a change in appetite or downward complete absence (more common), and increase appetite.Lack of appetite with depression has a slightly different expression than other causes.The food seems tasteless sick, fresh, sometimes even the smell of food or mention of it accompanied by a backlash, can cause nausea and even vomiting.Eating is not a pleasure, patients eat only because the need is there, sometimes you have to force patients to eat.The deterioration of appetite in depression is accompanied by a sense of fast saturable, with small portions of food received a feeling of fullness, unpleasant severity of nausea.A special place among neuro psychiatric disorders, takes "anorexia nervosa".

In most cases, this disease affects young girls.At the heart disease is a pathological desire to lose weight in any way, even if the original normal or low body weight.In the process of giving up food formed aversion to it, as a result of changes in mental patients in some cases simply can not independently get out of this state.It requires an appeal to the therapist, and sometimes hospitalization.It is very important for the early diagnosis of the disease attention relatives.In addition to non-food is usually possible exhausting exercise, intake of a variety of means for weight loss, use of enemas, artificial induction of vomiting reflex after eating.And finally, the striking, significant weight loss.

basis of diagnosis of these diseases the attention of the sick relatives or close people.In a tactful manner urge to seek help from a therapist.

Features reducing appetite in infants.

lack of appetite in young children may be associated with teething, it happens every child individually in the period from three months to three years.

can also occur refusal of food during the manifestation of stomatitis (infection of the mouth), expressed in the form of painful rashes, sores on the mucosal surface of the inner mouth.Ear Infection in Infants can also cause loss of appetite as well as the movement of the jaw when chewing or sucking can cause pain and therefore refusal of food.In most cases, the cause of poor appetite in the child is in good faith, force-feeding parents.The problem is that children begin to be stubborn if they are forced to, and there is aversion to food, to which they relate unpleasant associations.In addition, there is another difficulty: the baby's appetite changes almost every minute.Any time, your child may like mashed potatoes or a new mess, but soon this food may cause him disgusted.The reason for the rapid growth and weight gain a child, especially in the first year of life and the constant volatility in need of certain nutrients.The task of parents is not to force the child to eat, and that he worked his own appetite.We must make every effort not to talk with the child about the food in the form of threats or rewards.Of course, to avoid diseases that are manifested by the absence or reduction of appetite, contact your pediatrician.

Increased appetite folk remedies

Herbs and fees used in parallel with traditional methods of treatment of diseases accompanied by a decrease or lack of appetite.

used to increase appetite charges following preparations:

1 One teaspoon crushed calamus poured two cups of hot water, boiled for ten to twenty minutes.Accepted for two cups, three times a day before meals.It is used to excite the appetite in gastrointestinal diseases.
2 One teaspoon of wormwood is poured a glass of boiled water, half an hour.Take one tablespoon three times a day for 20 to 30 minutes before a meal.
3 Two teaspoons of chopped dandelion root poured one glass of cold water infused eight - ten.Accepted by a quarter cup three or four times a day before meals for half an hour before meals.
4 Two teaspoons raspberry pour one cup of boiling water and infuse for 15-30 minutes.Take in the form of heat for half a cup of cup four times a day.
5 Half a tablespoon of cornflower blue flowers fill one cup of boiling water.Accepted for half an hour before meals.
6 One teaspoon of mashed anise fruit is poured a glass of boiled water, leave for half an hour taken by half a cup half an hour before a meal.
7 Half a teaspoon of parsley seeds pour a glass of cold water, heat without boiling for thirty minutes, filter and take one tablespoon four or five times a day.
8 One teaspoon of inflorescences clover (red), brew a cup of boiling water insist five - ten minutes, filter and take one tablespoon three to four times a day before meals for 15 to 30 minutes.
10 One tablespoon inflorescences of red clover (red) pour a glass of vodka or diluted rubbing alcohol.Infused ten to fifteen days.Take one teaspoon for 15 to 30 minutes before a meal. (Contraindicated in patients with alcoholism).

to increase appetite may use techniques of acupressure.

to press your thumb and index finger of the opposite hand to the point about the little finger nail hand (outer-surface side of the little finger), periodically changing hands.Massage is performed several times a day before meals.Clicking on a point with a moderate force, rhythmically, for twenty or thirty seconds.

By the way physicians treat when there is loss of appetite

Depending on the associated symptoms is:

- Nutritionist
- Gastroenterologist
- Psychologist
- Neurologist
- Endocrinologist

therapist Shutov AI