Jaundice , yellowing of the skin - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Jaundice - is yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes, which is especially noticeable on the eye sclera, the lower surface of the tongue (if the language is to raise the upper palate), and on the palms.It is here that the yellowness is manifested in the first place.Yellowing of the skin is also accompanied by a darkening of the urine - urine "color of beer" - this symptom appears first of all.
Yellowing of the skin is often a sign of increased bilirubin in the blood.Sometimes the skin turns yellow when high blood carotene, what happens when you abuse the carrot or orange diets.
Bilirubin - a blood pigment, which is a product of the breakdown of hemoglobin.Hemoglobin in turn, is an iron-containing protein that carries out a function to transport oxygen and carbon dioxide contained in erythrocytes and - the red blood cells.
Bilirubin is direct and indirect.
formed after the disintegration of hemoglobin, bilirubin is bound to plasma proteins.This is called indirect bilirubin, it is not soluble in
enters the liver, where it undergoes a series of biochemical reactions leading to the formation of direct bilirubin.Direct free bilirubin is excreted in the bile into the intestine, as well as urine.
most common causes of jaundice.
liver disease (acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, cysts, parasitic lesion, benign and malignant neoplasms, Gilbert's syndrome, and others.).
Biliary Diseases (narrowing, tumors, concretions of the gallbladder and bile ducts).
investigation increased destruction of red blood cells (some congenital diseases of the blood, in case of poisoning drugs, alcohol, poisons, with extensive burns, haemorrhage).There
false jaundice when only painted skin (not slimy), due to the accumulation of carotene in it in the excessive use of carrots, oranges, pumpkin, medications (quinacrine, picric acid).
types of jaundice:
Depending on the level at which suffers the process of removing bilirubin from the body, emit 3 types of jaundice:
hemolytic jaundice occurs at an accelerated breakdown of hemoglobin, when bilirubin is formed so much that the liver does not have time to turnindirect bilirubin in a straight line.Therefore, when this kind of jaundice elevated indirect bilirubin.
Hepatic jaundice due to the liver disease under the influence of any reasons:. Viral hepatitis, drug or toxic liver damage, cirrhosis, alcohol damage, leptospirosis, pseudotuberculosis, etc. In this case, the blood often increases the content of conjugated bilirubin, which is explainedreabsorption of it in the bloodstream due to the inability of the liver cells to its processing.
cholestatic jaundice. is a consequence of a breach of bile movement due to blockage of the bile ducts.This may occur when you close the bile ducts and gall bladder stone or a tumor.If cholestatic jaundice also largely increased direct bilirubin, due to its excessive accumulation in the bile ducts and reabsorption into the blood.
most common causes of infectious jaundice include viral hepatitis A, B or C. In acute viral hepatitis, jaundice may be accompanied by fever, a variety of dyspepsia - stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, a violation of the chair.
more dangerous folk remedies for jaundice
Do not try to self treat jaundice, this can lead to negative consequences.In the literature (online as well) are common folk recipes treatment of jaundice.There are those who recommend treatment cholagogue broths, but if jaundice is caused by stones, gall bladder and bile ducts, the treatment of this condition will weight.Do not wait complications!The sooner treatment begins under the supervision of a physician, the easier it will be to cope with jaundice.
What to do with the appearance of jaundice
When the yellow coloring of the skin, sclera eyes, hands need to see a doctor to determine the cause.If the state of acute (poisoning, burns, etc.). Need to call an ambulance.
To which the doctor ask for jaundice
At the first sign of yellowing of the skin or mucous membranes, as well as dark urine should immediately consult a doctor!