Wrinkles - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Wrinkles, furrows, laxity, sagging, wrinkles, fading, decreased skin turgor - is, for the most part, the signs of aging.
Old age - a physiological process, the first visible signs of which are wrinkles.They are formed due to the loss of collagen in the deeper layers of the dermis.Collagen is an internal "skeleton" of the skin, and when it seems to be a lack of sinks, forming wrinkles.
Depending on the damaging factor are several types of wrinkles:
• Radiation (under the influence of UV).
• Age (endogenous),
• Other associated with different states of the body (emaciation, poor health, air pollution, skin diseases, dehydration).
The formation of wrinkles begins with small cracks, and they grow and become more noticeable over time.The first wrinkles appear around the age of 30 years (sometimes sooner), most often wrinkles around the eyes ( "crow's feet"), on the forehead, between the eyebrows and around the mouth (especially in smokers).
Around the age of about 40 years, deepening the wrink
reasons for the appearance of wrinkles
appearance of wrinkles curled from external environmental influences and internal physiological processes in the body.
External factors that accelerate the appearance of wrinkles:
1. UV (promotes photoaging)
2. Dry air (working at the computer, air conditioner).
3. Smog and pollution.
4. Bad skin care.
5. Improper body position during sleep - accelerates the sagging skin on the face and neck.
6. Smoking, excessive drinking, reckless lifestyle necessarily be imprinted traces of wrinkles on the skin.
7. Hypovitaminosis A, B, C, E and the lack of trace elements.
8. Violation of hormonal (estrogen lack of women).
9. Lack of hyaluronic acid and collagen.
What diseases can be associated wrinkles
aging and the appearance on the skin of the face characteristic facial wrinkles is a normal physiological process.But oddly shaped wrinkles in atypical locations are signs of the disease and not age.
Types pathological wrinkles that can be confused with the norm:
- horizontal forehead wrinkles, frown wrinkles - a consequence of frequent migraine headaches and brain hypoxia.
- Marked nasolabial folds, vertical wrinkles in the corners of the mouth point to problems of the gastrointestinal tract and metabolic disorders.
- vertical wrinkles above the base of the nose, deep wrinkles between the lip and nose indicate the presence of diseases of the cardiovascular system.
- slack skin under the eyes and on the cheeks, chin, swollen, transverse wrinkles in the chin area - diseases urinary-genital system.
In some cases it is necessary to consult a specialist
There are several diseases that are not related to the natural aging process:
- Hadchinsona Gilford disease or premature aging - a rare genetic disorder that accelerates the aging process in a few dozen times.
- Diabetes mellitus - due to the accumulation in the cells of unoxidized products, age-related changes occur earlier.
- Hormonal disorders - as a consequence, the lack of female and male sex hormones accelerate the formation of wrinkles.
treatment of these diseases should engage qualified doctors (physicians, gerontologists, kozhvenerologi, endocrinologists, gynecologists), but not cosmetologists.In cases where the presence of such serious violations to preserve life and health, you need timely access to the expert!
Symptomatic treatment of wrinkles
tablets wrinkles are supplements and vitamin complexes, which are available in pharmacies in the form of capsules or tablets, depending on the manufacturer.They often contain collagen and koenzimaQ10 large dose or antioxidants such as astaxanthin (found in some species of fish and shellfish), lycopene (found in tomatoes) and resveratrol (obtained from grape extract).
creams, toners, serums and gels are modern anti-wrinkle elixir of youth.They are able to smooth out wrinkles, improve skin tone and elasticity.But they do not and can not make any secret recipe!Modern cosmetics against wrinkles is a combination of well-known to us of the active ingredients.Do not buy a pig in a poke!Check your anti-aging cosmetics on the content of such substances:
1. Retinol - is one of the active forms of vitamin A. Retinol has the ability to stimulate the skin to create a stronger epidermis by increasing the biosynthesis of collagen and elastin fibers.Thus, he restores the damage, increases skin elasticity, reduces wrinkles.Retinol is also a powerful antioxidant that prevents the harmful effects of free radicals.
2. Coenzyme Q10 - represents a biochemical compound that is present in every cell and is responsible for its metabolism, is also one of the most powerful antioxidants and prevents premature skin aging.Coenzyme Q10 in combination with vitamin E cleans the dermis from free radicals produced in it under the influence of the sun.
3. Hyaluronic acid - a polysaccharide, which is part of the skin and is responsible for its hydration (hydration).He has the unique ability to bind water.Hyaluronic acid molecule as magnet 250 retains water molecules.With age, the amount of acid in the tissues is reduced, and the skin loses its youthful appearance due to loss of moisture.
4. Vitamin C - improves the condition of the skin, inhibits the aging process, is a powerful antioxidant, protects against the harmful effects of free radicals.In addition, it accelerates the regeneration of the epidermis, improves skin tone, strengthens blood vessels, thus reducing their tendency to crack.The regular use of cosmetics with vitamin C, in a sufficiently high concentration (not less than 5%), giving an excellent anti-aging effect.
5. Peptides - firm the skin, reduce wrinkles.Hexapeptide and tetrapeptide arginine - synthetic material with a variety of small molecule structures that can easily penetrate into the deep layers of the epidermis.They act as agents which accelerate the transport of nutrients into the skin cells.
6. stem cells - are not mature (embryonic stem) cells.They are able to stimulate skin renewal, have the ability to transform into any cell type and have unlimited possibilities.Through their action somovosstanavlivaetsya skin and wrinkles become shallower.
7. Telomeres - are included in the structure of the chromosomes and determine the number of cell divisions.Ability to delay skin aging.
8. aquaporins - protein, moisturizing the skin from within.It forms a special channels in the cell membrane that allows water molecules to pass.
9. UF filters - are fine particles of zinc oxide or titanium.They create a skin that something like the protective film.It reflects the sun's rays and protect the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation.
Any other additives - is, as a rule, or excipients or gimmick.
salon treatment of wrinkles
Coal Mining contour (hyaluronic acid) - for this procedure using a new generation of permanent gel fillers containing hyaluronic acid.Drugs lead to the formation of wrinkles place with special fine needles.
Previously used constant (fixed) fillers, but they are not widely used due to poor results and complications.New permanent fillers of hyaluronic acid are natural substances in the intercellular space of our tissues and prolong youthfulness of the skin.They are not only cosmetically disguise wrinkles but also restores the structure of the deep layers of the dermis.
often due to cost savings, patients insist on the introduction of permanent fillers, but over time, facial skin is exposed to various anatomical changes and instead of that would improve its appearance fillers disfigure her.
When using hyaluronic acid formulations such complications do not happen.
Mesotherapy - procedure consists of administration of the active substance into the skin by injection.The active substance is a vitamin cocktail, which penetrates deeply into the tissue and helps them to regenerate, thus eliminates skin defects caused by aging.The procedure is moderately painful.The skin after the procedure looks reddened, sometimes formed subcutaneous hematoma.
Mesotherapy can also be carried out with the help of special devices emitting electromagnetic waves.In this case, anti-aging ingredients penetrate into the skin under the influence of pulses.As a result - wrinkles and restores youthful looking skin.
laser wrinkle removal - laser is the most popular method of rejuvenation of damaged skin.It is the salon procedure.This method is not as effective as "Botox".The advantage is that the laser has no side effects.Laser beams help to stimulate collagen production and eliminate wrinkles.
Peeling - one of the most popular and available treatments, which makes every woman.The advantage of this type of exfoliation - improving circulation and skin regeneration.In addition, the corpus are removed dermis layer that improves absorption of nutrients and creams.Peeling can be very effective in dealing with stretch marks and skin discoloration (pigmentation).
are several types of peels, depending on the chemical composition of substances (chemical peels), the enzyme used, the mechanical action on the skin (dermobraziya, microdermabrasion).
Scrubs - differ from peeling agents used to remove dead skin.As a rule, the scrub particles are larger and more coarse.Can meet and complete peeling-scrubs.Their main function is to improve blood circulation in the application area, to relax the muscles of the face, to provide a massage effect, as an additional advantage - peeling function.
Botox - injection salon procedure that is used to eliminate facial wrinkles in the field of education.The skin is cooled or it is applied to painkillers, then a very thin needle is introduced mixture.The very substance contains botulinum toxin, which is a large dose of poison is the causative agent of botulism.When local action btoks blocks the nerve endings, causing temporary paralysis of the muscles.It is because of this effect occurs wrinkles.Supportive care should be implemented no more than 2 times a year.
surgically - circular face lift or less radical ways of affecting certain problem zone of the face (forehead lift and temples, blepharoplasty, lifting the lower third of the face and neck, as well as the torch facelift).Surgical intervention is based on the excision of excess skin, muscle and fat.The skin is pulled and moved to the positions that are typical of a young age, so wrinkles are smoothed.The effect lasts from 10 to 15 years.Running a plastic surgeon at the center of any plastic surgery.
How to get rid of wrinkles in the home (scrubs and masks)
We can not turn back the clock, but it's never too late to start to take care of your skin properly.Face masks are among the most popular women's cosmetics.Using these methods can not tricky to get rid of fine wrinkles.If you want to improve the condition of your skin, try once a week perform one of the following masks:
- Apple mask - 1 grated apple, add a teaspoon of potato or corn starch.The resulting weight of the mix, apply on face and leave for 20 minutes.Wash your face first with warm, then rinse with cold water.
- Strawberry Mask - 5 ripe strawberries, add 1 tablespoon of olive (linseed) oil, stir the mixture until smooth and apply on face, wash off after 20 minutes.Mask improves complexion, reduces wrinkles and tightens the skin.
- Orange mask - Mix 2 tablespoons cottage cheese with 2 tablespoons of sunflower oil, add the juice of half an orange, the resulting mass stir again.Apply to face, neck and décolleté.Rinse with cold water after 20 minutes.The mask improves skin elasticity and firmness.
- Purifying Mask - 20 grams of condensed milk, add a few drops of lemon juice, mix and apply on face for 20 minutes, then rinse.
- Moisture Mask - Mix three tablespoons of sour cream and three tablespoons of oatmeal in the resulting mass add 1 tablespoon of honey.Stir until smooth, dip into the resulting mixture of paper towel and put it on your face for 20 minutes, then rinse.
- Nourishing Mask - in egg yolk add the olive oil or other cold pressed oil, mix and apply on face.Hold for 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
If you want to make a home peeling or scrub, mask, add any sugar, salt, seeds, kiwi or ground organic coffee.Do a gentle massage with this mixture once a week and your skin gradually smoothed, it becomes soft and tender.
Many plants contain strong substances that are able to regenerate tissue and repair damaged skin.Here are some examples of herbs that are most successfully used to restore youthful skin and combating wrinkles.
Ginseng - considered one of the best plants with the function of anti-aging.Use infusions and decoctions inside, and the extracts are added to cosmetics.The composition with powerful antioxidants, called ginsenosides, reduce wrinkles, prevent water loss from the skin.
Resin Incense - aromateripii used to in the days of Cleopatra.Essential oils are not only good for health, but also have a regenerative - restorative and rejuvenating effects on the skin, smooth out fine wrinkles.
Rosehip - hips have long been used as a natural source of vitamin C, and tetrazole is contained in seeds is known as one of the best natural products to reduce wrinkles.Decoctions, tinctures and oils of rose hips is used to speed up the regeneration of the skin, the treatment of scars, burns and wrinkles.
Horsetail - is a source of silicon.Decoctions, infusions can be used, both internally and externally.The effect of this plant - the improvement of the appearance of the skin, strengthening bones, cleansing of the body, stimulating the kidneys, fights urinary tract infections.
Badyaga drug - obtained by drying the freshwater sponges.When rubbed into the skin rejuvenates, removes age spots, cleans, treats.Sold in pharmacies in the form of masks, creams, gels.
Forecast treat wrinkles
particularly sensitive to the appearance of wrinkles areas are the face, neck and hands.If these parts are formed long deep furrows, it is very difficult to get rid of them completely, even with a scalpel and a whole arsenal of modern methods of aesthetic medicine.
By reversibility allocate 2 types of wrinkles:
• Dynamic - acquired with age.Form the wrinkled folds to a depth of 0.4 mm, which penetrate into the dermis layer.They are the result of natural variations in the body and emerge from the slow regeneration of cells and tissues in the circulation.As they emerge from the natural consequences of the time, they are difficult to prevent.
• Static - are due to lack of hydration of the skin and elastin deficit.Such a surface wrinkles, and 0.1 mm in depth.Get rid of them easily.