Strong sweat armpits , feet , hands - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Daily average person produces 700-900 ml of sweat.During physical exertion or while taking a hot meal of sweat secretion may increase.The process of sweating accelerates stress, anxiety and spicy dishes.
Sweating is a natural physiological process involved in thermoregulation (maintaining a constant body temperature 36.6 ° C) body.Sweat cleanses the body of metabolites (free radicals), and other substances in the body of excess (sodium, potassium, calcium chloride and urea, amino acids, vitamins, drugs) - is the answer to the question why people sweat.In addition, sweat plays an important role in the formation of body odor specific (pheromone), which is required for full sexual intercourse.
Discharge from the sweat glands in composition similar to urine.Sweat is composed of 98-99% water and urea, uric acid, ammonia, chlorine, potassium, magnesium, calcium and iron.The composition of sweat is different for each person, depending on hormonal factors and life.
There are two types of sweat glands:
Ecrins - small, scattered around the perimeter of the skin.Their secret is colorless and odorless.They are involved only in the process of thermoregulation of the organism.
Apocrine (perfume) - come in different sizes.It is located in the armpits and in the genital area.Their hyperactivity is necessary to the process of puberty.The secret of the glands is a viscous liquid with a characteristic odor.
excessive potoodelenie process is called hyperhidrosis.This disease affects about 1% of the world population.There are many types of hyperhidrosis, depending on the localization process: hyperhidrosis underarm (armpit sweat a lot), foot (feet sweat a lot) less hands, face, back, groin.
reasons for excessive sweating
Why sweat armpits, feet and palms?The reasons for this mass.Firstly, those areas of the body in a large number of sweat glands, and secondly, provoke sweating following factors:
1. emotion and stress.During sweating meet stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol).
2. Consumption of food spicy dishes.
3. Hormonal changes (menopause, puberty).
5. High ambient temperature.
6. Excessive moisture.
8. Chronic and acute intoxication.
9. Acute and chronic diseases.
10. Metabolic disorders.
disease in which much sweat
first symptoms of hyperhidrosis usually appear during adolescence and peak hyperactive sweat glands between the ages of 20-30 years.Also, the smell of sweat glands is dependent on bacterial activity on the skin surface.
Excessive sweating certain area of the body, most often associated with emotional reactions to stress.This tends, sweating hands, underarms or less of other body parts (legs, back).
sometimes sweating is a sign of any disturbances in the body or evidence of severe illness.Often when such violations strongly sweats the whole body.Such diseases include:
• hormonal, endocrine disorders (hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus);
• Increased pancreatic function;
• Neurological disease (neuropathy);
• Viral and bacterial infections (AIDS, tuberculosis, and others.);
• Some tumors (adrenal gland tumor, Hodgkin's disease);
• alcohol poisoning;
• Kidney disease;
• Poor diet high in salt;
• Obesity and others.
Treatment of sweating
If you sweat heavily, should be aimed primarily at removing the cause of the excessive sweating.It should be carefully examined by a physician, TB doctor, neurologist, endocrinologist and the detection of the disease start with his treatment.
essence symptomatic treatment is to block the activity of the sweat glands to reduce sweat secretions.
If excessive sweating is caused by the characteristics of the organism, prescribe bracing means (multivitamins, calcium supplements, phosphorus, iron, etc.), Restrict fluid intake.
If stressful situations much sweating armpits or palms help sedatives (drugs motherwort, valerian) inside.
In any case, the need for strict personal hygiene, careful skin care (frequent washing parts of the body sweating, general warm baths, a regular change of linen).During
help wiping the skin of 12% salicylic alcohol, camphor spirit, 5% aqueous solution of alum, 5.2% alcoholic solution of zinc sulfate.
If sweating feet or armpits, the skin in these areas is dried and powdered disinfectant powder.
Shoes and clothes have good breathability, unacceptable wearing synthetic tight clothing.
Often patients complain of increased sweating in the summer during a 30-40-degree heat, the sweating increased should not be considered, so that the body tries to avoid overheating and sweat - it is normal reaction.Perspire normally armpits, palms of the hands and feet, at least - the chest and back.If the discomfort is present, in such cases help antiperspirants and some folk remedies, such as a bath with a decoction of oak bark (if heavily sweating the whole body or armpits), foot baths with oak bark or alum (if you sweat a lot feet).On sale there are special insoles used during sweating of the feet.Unfortunately, folk remedies only help with little sweating.
most effective treatment for hyperhidrosis - the introduction of botulinum toxin (Botox is the same that is used in cosmetics to prevent or fix already appeared wrinkles) in places with excessive sweating.The drugs appears to reduce the secretion of sweat glands.
In severe underarm sweating surgery is used in extreme cases.
Learn more about cosmetics, drugs and surgery for the treatment of excessive sweating in the article "Hyperhidrosis"
When should you seek medical advice if much sweat
If, in spite of the personal hygiene and the use of cosmetics and folk remedies sweating with a characteristic odor notremoved - you can not do without the help of a professional.You can consult a dermatologist, general practitioner, surgeon or neurologist in the following cases:
• Significant weight loss due to excessive sweating.
• Hyperhidrosis is accompanied by fever, cardiovascular disorders, exhaustion.
• The skin becomes red, scaly, itching or pain.
• Perspiration appears suddenly, for no apparent reason.
• Excessive sweating becomes a psychological problem.Hyperhidrosis is something unpleasant and embarrassing for a person and can cause severe psychological distress.Patients begin to avoid contact and this leads to a certain emotional disturbances, and subsequently to anxiety and depression.
Diagnosis "hyperhidrosis" is exposed on the basis of history and clinical picture of the disease.Laboratory tests (blood and urine) are necessary in those cases when it is necessary to exclude systemic disorders that lead to stimulation of the sweat glands.
doctor cosmetologist Kondratenko NA