Meteosensitive , meteozavisimost - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
meteosensitive - a reaction to the impact of meteorological (weather) factors or increased sensitivity to fluctuations in the weather as a consequence of weakening of adaptation mechanisms of immunity or chronic disease.Diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, often accompanied by the appearance meteosensitivity.
There are three degrees of meteosensitivity . Mild meteosensitivity appears only subjective malaise, subjective complaints, and when examining nothing new in humans are not.When expressed meteosensitivity (moderate) observed distinct objective changes: changes in blood pressure, electrocardiogram, etc. When severe meteosensitivity observed pronounced violations, it appears meteopaticheskih five types of reactions...
When heart type meteosensitivity there are pains in the heart, shortness of breath. Brain meteochuvtvitelnosti type is characterized by headaches, dizziness, noise and ringing in my head. Mixed meteosensitivity - a combination of cardiac and nervous disorder
absolutely healthy people with well-functioning mechanisms of adaptation of the weather did not react.In healthy people the sharp change in the weather is reflected mainly in the state of psycho-emotional sphere, sometimes with abnormal climatic phenomena observed meteonevrozy, that is, these people have serious malfunctions of the organism does not occur, but the rain in the morning able to drive them almost depressed.Another thing - the chronically ill.Any fluctuations in air temperature, atmospheric pressure, the intensity of the electromagnetic field can cause them undesirable exacerbation of the underlying disease, and even lead to a hospital bed.
meteosensitive quite widespread and occur in all, but most unusual for the human environmental conditions.Weather "feels" about a third of the inhabitants of temperate latitudes.A feature of these reactions is that they occur in a significant number of people in synchronism with a change of weather conditions ahead of them or more.
meteosensitivity Manifestations depend on the initial state of the organism, age, the presence of any disease and its nature, the microclimate in which people live, and the degree of acclimatization to it.
meteosensitive more common in men, there is little to be outdoors, sedentary employment, mental work, are not engaged in physical activity. That they narrowed zones of so-called microclimatic comfort.For healthy people, weather fluctuations usually not harmful.Nevertheless, people who do not feel the weather, the reaction to it still appear, though sometimes not recognized.They must take into consideration, for example, motorists.If a sudden change in weather conditions it becomes more difficult to concentrate.It may increase the number of accidents.As a result of disease (flu, sore throat, pneumonia, diseases of the joints, and others.) Or fatigue resistance and reserves of the body are reduced.That is why meteosensitivity observed in 35-70% of patients with different diseases.So, the weather feels every second patient with diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Significant atmospheric changes can cause stress and failure of adaptation mechanisms.Then oscillatory processes in the body - the biological rhythms are distorted and become chaotic.Physiological (asymptomatic) weather response can be compared with a calm lake, on which there are waves in the breeze.Pathological (painful) response weather is kind of vegetative "storm" in the body.Contribute to the development of its dysregulation of the autonomic nervous system.The number of vegetative disorders in recent years increases due to the influence of adverse factors of modern civilization. Stress, rush, inactivity, overeating and malnutrition, etc. In addition, different people have the functional state of the nervous system is far from equal.This determines the fact that often with the same diseases observed weather diametrically opposed reactions: favorable and unfavorable.
Most meteosensitivity observed in individuals with weak (melancholic) and strong unbalanced (choleric) type of nervous system. People have strong, balanced type (sanguine) meteosensitivity appears only with the weakening of the body.The body affects the weather in general, and its individual components.Changes in barometric pressure act in two ways: by reducing blood oxygen saturation (the effect of barometric "pits") and mechanically irritate nerve endings (receptors) pleura (mucous membrane lining the pleural cavity), peritoneum (lining of the abdominal cavity), synovial joints, and receptorsvessels.
on European territory atmospheric pressure of the most volatile in the Baltic States, in the north-west and the north, is where most celebrated meteosensitivity in patients with cardiovascular disease.Wind causes excitement of the nervous system, stimulating receptors in the skin.In recent years, received a new direction in the study of the effect of weather conditions on the body, the so-called "syndromic metepatologiya", which includes meteopaty symptoms caused by the combined effect of barometric pressure and atmospheric anomalies such as a thunderstorm, hot and dry winds, fog, snow, and others. So,for example, the midday wind syndrome in France;South-west wind syndrome in Switzerland, northern winds syndrome (Nords) that blow in Absheron peninsula (Baku), according to various researchers, affect the well-being of about 75% of the population of the district.They provoke attacks of angina pectoris in coronary artery disease.Humidity plays a role in maintaining the density of oxygen in the atmosphere affects the thermal exchange and sweating.Particularly sensitive to high humidity patients with essential hypertension and atherosclerosis.In most cases aggravation of diseases of the cardiovascular system occurs at high relative humidity (80-95%).Many people leave their imprint rainy days even the appearance, often face becomes pale.If the temperature changes suddenly arise outbreak of acute respiratory infections.In January, 1780 in St. Petersburg, the air temperature rose to -44.to + 6 for one night, as a result of ill about 40 thousand. residents.A significant increase in the incidence of acute respiratory diseases discussed in Tashkent in November 1954, when the air temperature to 4-15.I dropped to -21 .. In addition, blew out a sharp north wind, which lifted into the air masses of water droplets, sand, and were in their germs in the city any outbreaks of infectious diseases.Adverse effects on the body and the excess positive ions observed in the hot and humid weather that can cause an aggravation of heart disease.In recent years, great importance is attached to changes in solar activity and the Earth's magnetic field (geomagnetic disturbances and storms).Their effect on the body is shown for 1-2 days before changes in the weather, whereas the other meteorological factors affect directly before or during the passage of the air mass (anti-cyclone or cyclone).Unusual weather resistant, generally also adversely affects the body.In November 1977 in Saratov long kept warm humid weather with heavy fog.This depressing effect on the psyche of people, reduce performance, overvoltage caused nervous system.
Impact of weather (meteorological factors) on human health
swings in atmospheric pressure, is particularly abrupt, negative impact on the circulatory system, vascular tone, blood pressure.Negative influences on the health and high levels of humidity.For example, in Moscow during the cold period of the year it is on average 83-86% and often leads to exacerbation of chronic inflammatory diseases.Adversely affects the condition of patients with cardiovascular and pulmonary disorders, asthma so-called weather hypoxia - low oxygen content in the air.It happens in the winter, for example, before the snow, and in the summer on a background of elevated temperature and humidity.
In healthy people, magnetic storms can cause headaches, nervous tension, slowing the body's response to various external stimuli.In those days, weather-sensitive people need to be especially careful, for example when driving.In addition, magnetic storms often contribute to the appearance of exacerbations in people with diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous system.
First of all the most sensitive to the vagaries of weather cardiac patients.This is confirmed by the data of the population uptake of emergency medical care in different cities of Russia.So, in the days of the anomalous values of at least one weather-factors - temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind speed, geomagnetic disturbances - dramatically increases the number of calls to patients with ischemic heart disease and high blood pressure.Significantly deteriorating state of health of those who suffered a heart attack or stroke, suffers from atherosclerosis.At the slightest change in the weather react articular rheumatism patients, and patients with lung disease, central nervous system, musculoskeletal system.
There are five types of environmental conditions that affect human health.
indifferent, with minor variations in weather conditions - when a person does not feel any effects of weather on your body.
Tonic - when a change in the weather has beneficial effects on human, especially in patients with chronic oxygen insufficiency, arterial hypotension, ischemic heart disease, chronic bronchitis.
Spastic type manifests during harsh weather changes in the direction of cooling, when the atmospheric pressure is increasing, and the oxygen content in the air is greatly increased.Then people with high blood pressure can occur headaches and heartaches caused by spasms of smooth vascular muscle.
Hypotensive type of weather can occur if the downward trend in the amount of oxygen in the air: while patients with reduced vascular tone.Hypertensive, for example, feel better this time-pressure have lowered.
fifth type of weather - gipoksimichesky, when the weather is changing in the direction of warming and reduce the oxygen content in the air.People in those days there and exacerbated by oxygen deficiency.
How to reduce meteosensitivity, meteozavisimost
When it comes to chronic diseases, in the first place - to treat the underlying disease and drug prevention in the event of adverse weather forecasts.Very useful therapeutic physical training, tempering air and sun baths, regular outdoor recreation.Well help electrosleep by a special technique, contrast, and dry carbon dioxide baths.Effective pine baths, which are easily prepared from pine extract at home.Their duration - 10-15 minutes, the water temperature - 35-37 degrees, the course of treatment - 12-15 procedures.It is difficult to overestimate the value as a healthy lifestyle, a waiver of such risk factors as smoking.All this contributes to a better adaptation to changing climatic conditions.Everyone else can use some guidance.
Thus, in reactions of spastic type is very good so-called "distraction therapy" - hot foot baths, douches, gymnastics.This is a very effective measure.
People whose meteosensitivity begins when approaching cyclone with a sharp warming, we can recommend exercises that promote the body's oxygen saturation: walking, running, skiing, breathing exercises, cold sponging.
People with low blood pressure can also help multivitamins, extracts stimulating herbs -. Schisandra, Eleutherococcus, etc., as well as strong tea.
Effective pine baths.They are easy to make from pine extract at home.Duration - 10-15 minutes, the water temperature - 35-37 ° C, a course of treatment - 12-15 procedures.
Auditory training here will not help, because the real factors appear atmospheric effects of temperature and humidity, oxygen, electromagnetic waves, and so on. D. Fight them self-suggestion, in my opinion, it is impossible.But auto-training will help you lift your mood in gloomy weather.And this is a lot.
Suitable for prevention meteosensitivity and diet.Climate, traffic and catering to three main factors that affect human health.Here are recommendations.When there is a heat front and oxygen worsens air regime, it is desirable not to overeat, not to load your body.Eat in writing products containing ascorbic acid, calcium, potassium, iron - fish.milk, fruit.People with high blood pressure during sudden changes of weather need to limit the use of salt and fluid.
Completely remove meteosensitivity not always succeed, but you can greatly facilitate the reaction.Preventive measures are divided into scheduled, seasonal and emergency.
routine prophylaxis.If you suffer from meteosensitivity, should be properly surveyed, asmeteosensitivity may be hiding under the beginning of cardiovascular or neurological diseases.Hence, it is necessary to consult a cardiologist and a neurologist, and, if necessary, be treated ..
When meteosensitivity preferably in a warm time of year to plan a trip in a different climate zone.It helps quench air baths, bathing in the sea, the sun, the motor load.
Useful mud.It is necessary, at least temporarily eliminate oxygen and ultraviolet failure.Useful hardening hyperthermia sauna, contrast water therapy.But with serious chronic diseases should be consulted about hardening your doctor.And in any case, all this should be done sensibly - gently, slowly.
seasonal prophylaxis.Spend the end of September and in February.Take adaptogens such as ginseng, Aralia, lemongrass.Only we must remember that the preparations of these plants can cause increased blood pressure and heart rate.Doctors sometimes prescribe when meteosensitivity for the prevention of cardiovascular agents such as prodektina and parmidina, vitamin therapy in the form of injections.It is necessary to increase physical activity, at least in the form of long walks.Assist and contrast showers and massage courses.
Urgent prevention in the change of weather and magnetic storms.Gentle driving mode.Minimum food, and better light, vegetarian.Slightly increase the dose of their medication, without waiting for discomfort.
study of the influence of meteorological factors on the course of various diseases by specialists of the Russian Scientific Center for Restorative Medicine and Balneology.