Increased body temperature .Causes of high body temperature - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
To assess the human condition with a high temperature, let's find out why this is happening to the body.
Normal body temperature
human temperature is normal, on average 36.6 C. This temperature is optimal for the biochemical processes occurring in the body, but every body is different, so may be considered normal for some individuals and a temperature of 36 to 37.4 C (itIt is a long-flowing state and if no signs of a disease).In order to diagnose usual high temperature need to be examined by a doctor.
Why does the body temperature rises
In all other situations, an increase in body temperature above normal suggests that the body is trying to deal with something.In most cases, it is foreign agents in the body - bacteria, viruses, protozoa or a consequence of the physical effects on the body (burns, frostbite, foreign body).At elevated temperatures, the existence of agents in the body becomes difficult, infections, for example, die at a temperature of about 38 C. However
any organism, as well as th
Complications elevated temperature
when temperature is too highdisturbances occur in the transmission of nerve impulses, and this can lead to irreversible damage in the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures until respiratory arrest.In all cases a high critical temperature are taken antipyretics.They all affect the thermoregulatory center in the subcortical brain structures.Auxiliary methods and it is primarily wiping the body surface with warm water is directed to improving blood flow to the body surface and assists evaporation of moisture, which leads to a temporary and not very significant reduction in temperature.Wiping with a weak solution of vinegar at the present stage after studies is considered inappropriate because it has exactly the same results that just warm water.
Prolonged fever (more than two weeks) in spite of the degree of increase of the body requires examination.In the course of which must be clarified the cause or diagnosis of usual low grade temperature.Be patient with the results of the survey refer to several doctors.If the results of tests and examinations revealed no pathology not take temperature over without showing any symptoms, or else run the risk of psychosomatic disorders.A good doctor should answer you exactly why you are constantly low-grade fever (37-37,4), and whether you need to take action.The reasons for long-term high temperature great variety and if you're not a doctor, do not even try to put a diagnosis, and hold your head is not the desired data is impractical.
How to measure the temperature correctly.
In our country, probably more than 90% of the people measured the body temperature in the armpit.
Armpit should be dry.Measurements are made at rest 1 hour after any exercise.Not recommended before measurement acceptance of hot tea, coffee, etc.
All this is recommended for clarifying the existence of long-term high temperature.In urgent cases, the appearance of complaints of ill-health measurements are carried out under any conditions.Used mercury, alcohol, electronic thermometers.If in doubt of the correctness of the measurement, measure the temperature in healthy subjects, take another thermometer.
When measuring the temperature in the rectum should be considered the norm temperature in 37 gr.S.Women should take into account the menstrual cycle.Perhaps normal temperature rise in the rectum to 38gr C during ovulation and this 15-25 day cycle in 28 days.
Measurement in the mouth feel inappropriate.
Recently went on sale ear thermometers are considered the most accurate.With measurements in the ear canal is the same rate as in the measurement in the armpit.But small children usually react nervously to the procedure.
Challenge brigade ambulance requires the following conditions:
well.In any case, at temperatures above 39.5.
b.Vysokaya temperature is accompanied by vomiting, blurred vision, stiffness, muscle tension in the cervical spine (impossible to tilt the chin to the sternum).
in.The high temperature is accompanied by severe abdominal pain.Especially in the elderly even at moderate abdominal pain, at advise to call an ambulance.
of a child under ten years of the temperature is accompanied by a barking, dry cough, labored breath.The high probability of developing inflammatory narrowing of the larynx, the so-called false croup, or laryngotracheitis.The algorithm in this case- humidification of inhaled air, trying not to frighten, calming, child withdraw into the bathroom to pour hot water to produce steam, inhale humidified, but certainly not hot air, so the presence of the hot water for at least 70 centimeters.In the absence of a bathroom makeshift tent with a source of steam.But if the child is still scared and does not calm down, then keep trying and just wait for an ambulance.
d. Sharp for 1-2 hours, the temperature rise above 38 oC in a child up to 6 years, which were observed earlier seizures at high temperature.
Algorithm - give antipyretic (dosage should be agreed in advance with the pediatrician or see below), to call the ambulance.
In some cases, you need to take antipyretic to reduce fever:
well.Body temperature above 38.5 g.C (when a history of febrile convulsions, then at 37.5 grams. C).
used at a temperature lower than the above figures only when severe symptoms as headache, feeling aches throughout the body, general weakness.substantially prevents sleep and rest.
In all other cases, you need to give your body the benefits of increased temperature, helping him to withdraw the so-called infection control products.(Dead leucocytes, macrophages, bacteria and viruses residues in the form of toxins).
To do this almost every doctor recommends acceptance of warm liquid in bulk.As well as the tendency to fluid retention in the body receiving diuretics.This opens a wide field of activity for traditional medicine.Here
preferred herbal folk remedies me.
Folk remedies at elevated temperature and
.In the first place with the cranberry fruit drinks - take as much as required by the body.
b.Fruit drinks from currants, sea buckthorn, cranberries.
in.Any alkaline mineral water with a low percentage of mineralization or simply clean boiled water.
contraindicated for use at elevated temperatures following a plant body: St. John's wort, golden root (Rhodiola rosea).
In any case, when the temperature rises more than five days, recommend to consult a doctor.
advise you to consider the following questions before the visit to the clinic.
well.Onset of the disease, when there was a fever and can whether with anything tie her appearance?(Hypothermia, excessive physical exertion, emotional stress).
b.Was temperaturyaschih contact with people in the next two weeks?
in.Are you sick in the next two months how a disease with fever?(Remember what can be moved or "on your feet" malaise).
was not whether you have the current season of the tick bite?(Appropriate to recall even touch the tick bite without skin).
on. It is important to remember if you are living in endemic areas for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), which is the Far East, Siberia, the Urals, the Volga-Vyatka region, whether contact with rodents or their metabolic products.First of all fresh ekskrimenty dangerous because the virus is contained in them during the week.The latent period of the disease from 7 days to 1.5 months.
e. Specify the nature of the manifestation of increased body temperature (intermittent, continuous, with either a smooth increase at certain times of day).
h.Specify whether you held within two weeks of vaccination (vaccination).
Well.Clearly tell your doctor what other symptoms are accompanied by high body temperature.(Kataralnye- cough, runny nose, sore or scratchy throat, etc., dispepticheskie- nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, etc.)
All this allows the doctor more targeted and timely examination and appointtreatment.
OTC drugs used to lower body temperature.
1. paracetamol in different names.Dosage for adult single 0.5-1 grams.daily 2 grams.Between receptions of at least 4 hours, children 15 mg per kilogram of body weight of the child (for information in 1 gram of 1000 mg).For example, child 10 kg-150mg required in practice slightly more than half a tablet at 0, 25 grams is produced in tablets and 0,25gr 0,5gr and syrups and rectal suppositories.Can be used from infancy.Paracetamol is a part of almost all of the combined anti-cold preparations (Fervex, Theraflu, koldreks).Infants
better to use in rectal suppositories.
2. Nurofen (ibuprofen) adult dosage 0.4gr., Children 0,2gr Children are encouraged with caution used in children in case of intolerance or weak action of paracetamol.
3. Nise (nimesulide) is available as a powder (nimesil), as well as in tablets.The adult dosage of 0.1gr children ... 1.5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight of the child that is under 10kg weight require 15 mg.Slightly more than one-tenth of the tablet.The daily dosage of not more than 3 times a day
4. Analgin - adult 0.5 g ... children 5-10mg per kg body weight of the child That is, when 10 kg of weight requires a maximum of 100 mg - a fifth of the tablet.Daily up to three times per day.Not recommended for frequent use.
5. Aspirin - adult single dose of 0.5-1 grams.Daily up to four times a day for children is contraindicated.
at elevated temperatures canceled all physiotherapy, hydrotherapy, mud treatment, massage.
All of the above products recommend taking your own just in case of emergency.All further treatment after consulting your doctor.
the disease is very high (above 39 ° C) temperature.
Influenza - a viral disease, accompanied by a sharp rise of temperature, severe joint aches and pains in the muscles.Catarrhal symptoms (runny nose, cough, sore throat, etc.) is attached to the 3- 4 days of illness, and in the ordinary o.r.v.i.first effects of cold and then a smooth rise in temperature.
habit of Russians to delay the treatment of influenza match "on their feet" leads to complications.About 40% of flu cases at risk of bronchitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, at least - pyelonephritis, stomatitis and other diseases.Therefore, the appearance of a fever, runny nose and other symptoms that resemble the flu should get for becoming ill signaled the beginning of the treatment.In the early hours of flu body needs support, and patient - get rid of symptoms.If you suspect the flu, you can start receiving treatment with symptomatic treatment, eg preparation of European quality Antigrippin.The use of a symptomatic agent in treatment of flu will help to alleviate the patient's condition and prevent complications.
Angina - severe pain in the throat when swallowing and at rest.
Varicella (chicken pox), measles can also start with a high temperature and only 2-4 days a rash in the form of vesicles (fluid-filled bubbles).
Pneumonia (pneumonia) almost always, except for patients with reduced immunity and persons of advanced age, accompanied by high fever.A distinctive feature of the appearance of chest pain, aggravated by deep breathing, shortness of breath, dry cough at the beginning of the disease.All these symptoms in most cases accompanied by a feeling of anxiety, fear.
Acute pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys), along with a high temperature in the foreground pain in the kidneys of the projection (below 12 ribs, radiating (return) to the side more often with one hand. Swelling of the face, high blood pressure. Protein Occurrenceurinalysis.
Acute glomerulonephritis , the same as pyelonephritis only with the inclusion in the process of abnormal reaction of the immune system. it is characterized by the appearance in the analysis of red blood cells urine. it has, in comparison with pyelonephritis higher percentage of complications, is more inclined to move into a chronic. form
hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome - an infectious disease transmitted by rodents, primarily on voles mice it is characterized by a reduction and sometimes complete lack of urination in the early days of the disease, the redness of the skin, pronounced muscle pain
.. gastroehnterokolitah (salmonellosis, dysentery, paratyphoid fever, typhoid fever, cholera, etc.) The main syndrome dispepticheskiy- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
Meningitis and encephalitis (including tick) -vospalenie meninges infectious nature.The main syndrome meningialnyy- headaches severe pain, blurred vision, nausea, tension in your neck (you can not bring your chin to your chest).For meningitis is characterized by the appearance of punctate hemorrhagic rash on the skin of legs, the abdominal wall.
Viral hepatitis A - the main symptom of "jaundice", the skin and the sclera are jaundiced color.
diseases occurring with moderately elevated body temperature (37-38 ° C).
exacerbation of chronic diseases, such as:
Chronic bronchitis, complaints like dry cough and sputum, shortness of breath.
Asthma infectious allergic nature - complaints to night, sometimes daily attacks of breathlessness.
pulmonary tuberculosis, cough lasting complaints expressed general weakness, sometimes with sputum blood veins.
Tuberculosis of other organs and tissues.
chronic myocarditis, endocarditis, characterized by prolonged pain in the heart, irregular heartbeat arrhythmic
chronic glomerulonephritis - the symptoms are the same as for acute only less pronounced.
Chronic salpingoofarit - gynecological disease which is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen, discharge, pain when urinating.
With low grade fever occur following diseases:
Viral hepatitis B and C, the complaints of general weakness, pain in the joints, in the later stages joins "jaundice".
Diseases of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis, nodular and diffuse goiter, hyperthyroidism), the main symptoms, sensation of a lump in the throat, palpitations, sweating, irritability.
Acute and chronic cystitis, painful urination complaints.
and acute exacerbation of chronic prostatitis, male disease characterized by difficult and often painful urination.
sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and opportunistic (or may not manifest itself in the form of the disease) -toksoplazmoz urogenital infections, mycoplasmosis, ureoplazmoz.
large group of cancer, one of the symptoms which may be slightly elevated temperature.
Basic tests and examinations that can be prescribed by a doctor if you have a long low-grade fever (fever within 37-38gr C).
1. Complete blood count - allows for the number of white blood cells and the amount of ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) to judge whether there is in the body or any inflammation.