Irritability increased - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

May 30, 2016 23:00 | Common Symptoms

Each of us has at least once met people who are overly react strongly to everyday household troubles.And sometimes we do a bunch of negative emotions splashed out on some minor issue.Then we say to yourself - "I'm annoyed," "I harassed."People who often are in a similar frame of mind, we call the "nerve", "nutty".At the same time such unflattering epithets sometimes far from the truth - because irritability is often a sign of a plurality of mental disorders.

Causes irritation

irritability as a symptom of any disease is the increased excitability of the patient with a tendency to the appearance of negative emotions, and the power of emotions significantly exceeds the power factor caused them (ie a minor nuisance is a rich stream of negative experiences).Everyone was in such a state, and more than once, even the most healthy there are moments of mental fatigue in human terms, poor physical health, periods of "black stripe" in life - all this contributes to increased irritability.But we must not forget

that this condition occurs in very many mental diseases.

Causes irritation to the physiological point of view is the increased reactivity of the central nervous system, developing under the influence of various factors: hereditary (character traits) and internal (hormonal malfunction and metabolic disorders, mental illness), external (stress, infections).

It hormonal changes cause increased irritability during pregnancy and after childbirth, as well as during menstruation and menopause.

Diseases in which there is increased razrazhitelnost

most common symptom is irritability occurs under such mental disorders as depression, neurosis, post-traumatic stress disorder, psychopathy, alcohol and drug abuse, schizophrenia, dementia.

When irritability depression combined with a steady decline in mood, a "lethargy" of thinking, insomnia.There is the opposite of depression - in psychiatry it is called mania .In this condition, as there may be an increased irritability, up to anger, coupled with inadequate elevated mood, accelerated to disorderly thinking.As with depression and mania often disturbed sleep, which can cause irritation.

When nervousness irritability often combined with anxiety, depressive symptoms, fatigue.And in this case, irritability may be the result of insomnia, which is not uncommon in the neuroses.

PTSD occurs in humans, surviving a strong shock.In this state, there is irritability, coupled with anxiety, insomnia or nightmares, intrusive thoughts unpleasant.

People with alcoholism or drug addiction particularly highly susceptible to irritability during withdrawal syndrome.Often it is the cause of crime, and always makes life difficult for the patient's relatives.

With such a serious illness like schizophrenia irritability can be a harbinger of impending psychotic state, but can also be observed in remission and in the prodromal stage of the disease.Often in schizophrenia irritability combined with suspicion, reticence, increased touchiness, mood swings.

Finally, irritability often seen in patients with dementia - or acquired dementia.As a rule, older people, dementia have arisen as a result of stroke, age-related changes.In younger patients, dementia may appear as a result of severe head injuries, infections, alcohol and drug abuse.In any case, people with dementia are prone to irritability, fatigue, tearfulness.

With regard psychopathy , not all doctors believe her condition.Many experts believe manifestation of psychopathy innate character traits.Anyway, irritability definitely inherent in such people, especially if decompensation - ieduring an exacerbation of symptoms.

Virtually every disease of the internal organs may be accompanied by increased irritability .But especially this symptom is characteristic of thyroid disease , menopausal changes in a woman's body, neurological problems .

patient survey with irritability

Such a variety of diseases associated with irritability, makes it impossible to self-diagnosis.Moreover, the cause of irritability is sometimes difficult and professionals, so it is necessary to clarify the diagnosis a comprehensive examination of the body.It usually includes blood and urine tests, ECG, ultrasound to detect possible pathology of the internal organs.If the therapeutic examination of pathology is detected, the patient may be referred to a neurologist, who may appoint an EEG or MRI.These methods allow us to determine the state of the brain.

To the psychiatrist, patients with increased irritability fall, as a rule, if the out-patient examination revealed no serious deviations in health, and irritability reaches such a degree that interferes with daily life and the patient and his relatives.A psychiatrist evaluates the data of the patient survey specialist clinics and, if necessary, may prescribe psychological testing to identify the characteristics of the patient's temperament, the state of its memory and thinking.

How to get rid of irritability

Medication excessive irritability appoint an expert.If the spleen is one of the symptoms of mental illness, the focus is on the treatment of the underlying disease.For example, antidepressants (amitriptyline, Prozac, fluoxetine, etc.) Is used for depression, which improves mood, and the mood elevation with leaves and irritability.

pays special attention to the patient's sleep physician because insomnia - the most likely cause irritability.To normalize the night's rest doctor will prescribe opiates (eg, sanval) or tranquilizers (eg, Phenazepamum).When the alarm is used "daily tranquilizers" - drugs that do not cause drowsiness (eg, rudotel).

If you can not identify a significant mental disorder, but there is increased irritability, complicating the life of the patient, use soft drugs, promote the body's resistance to stressful situations.It adaptol, Knott, novopassit.

Besides medications successfully used a variety of psychotherapeutic techniques aimed at relaxation (autogenic training, breathing practices, and others.) Or influencing human behavior in different situations (cognitive therapy).

In folk medicine, you can find a good range of tools to deal with irritability.It decoctions and infusions of herbs (coriander, fennel, valerian, borage, motherwort, etc.), Spices (cloves, cardamom, cumin), also used by some food (honey, prunes, lemons, walnuts, almonds).Most traditional healers are advised to take baths with yarrow, motherwort, valerian.If irritation is caused by congestion at work, troubles in his personal life, pregnancy, menstruation or menopause, and one does not have a mental illness, the use of traditional medicine can give a good result.

In the case of mental disorders treatment of folk remedies can be carried out with the permission of the psychiatrist, otherwise you can get the opposite effect, such as worsening of symptoms when taking hot baths.

Irritability can not be ignored and written off on the difficult living conditions.Long stay in a state of irritation exhausts the nervous system and often leads to neurosis, depression, exacerbates problems in his personal life and work.There is a danger of abuse of alcohol in order to relieve irritability, sometimes patients are too addicted to junk food, and these addictions, and even bring a false sense of relaxation, in the final analysis, only exacerbate the problem.Necessarily it is necessary to resort to medical help if irritability is no apparent reason and lasts for more than a week.If it is accompanied by anxiety, insomnia, depressed mood, or strange behavior - visit to a doctor must be urgent!Timely care specialist will help to avoid serious problems in the future.

Psychiatrist Bochkareva OS