Drowsiness - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Drowsiness - a sleep disorder, accompanied by constant or periodic desire to sleep while not intended for sleeping.
Drowsiness as insomnia, it is the price paid for the modern man lifestyle that he leads.A huge amount of information, increasing the number of daily cases not only increase the fatigue, but also reduce sleep time.
cause drowsiness medically diverse.This is the main symptom of diseases such as narcolepsy, sleep apnea syndrome, syndrome Kleine - Levin.This severe neuro-psychiatric disease, strongly altering normal human life for suffering them.
drowsiness accompanies other diseases, most often, it is the pathology of the endocrine and cardio - vascular system.
Medicines , that takes people over comorbidities, may have adverse sedative (hypnotic, sedative) effect.If this is a negative impact on the patient's vital functions, such drugs should be abolished, and if this is not possible, with the help of your doctor to choose the equivalent, with minimal side effects.
Another reason, which is usually associated with sleepiness - a lack of solar light.In spring and summer somnolence is less than the fall and winter.To compensate for this deficiency, try to buy fluorescent lamps (incandescent bulbs are not suitable).Pay attention to the desired wavelength - 420 nanometers.
also can not fail to mention the most common causes sleepiness - chronic fatigue, sleep deficit, and psychological reasons.
Man "escapes" to sleep from boredom, stress and hassles.Therefore, if it enters into such a situation there is a drowsiness.In this case, assistance is only for addressing, not avoiding it.If you can not do it yourself, you should resort to the help of a psychologist.
And if chronic sleep deprivation or stressful situations easily prevent yourself, the more serious the disease should be treated only under medical supervision.Consider the major ones.
Diseases accompanied by sleepiness
Iron deficiency anemia - a state of iron deficiency in the body, at a late stage exhibited by deficiency of iron in the blood cells.Along with severe anemic syndrome (anemia), note the hidden deficiency of iron in the body (sideropenic syndrome).The iron in hemoglobin is reduced in the least, it is a defensive reaction from lack of oxygen.At an earlier stage of iron deficiency revealed by determining the total iron and serum ferritin function.Symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are weakness, somnolence, taste perversion (a desire to have sharp, spicy dishes, chalk, raw meat, etc.), hair loss and brittle nails, dizziness.It is worth noting that anemia can not be cured by changing the power or applying other people's money.To do this, use iron supplements recommended by your doctor.
Hypotension - this reduction in blood pressure below normal, most often caused by a low vascular tone.Drowsiness in this disease is due to a decrease in cerebral blood flow.Also, patients report lethargy and weakness, vertigo, motion sickness, and others. Hypotension may be a sign of conditions such as increased mental and physical exertion, intoxication and stress, anemia, vitamin deficiency, depressive disorders.
Hypothyroidism - a syndrome caused by a decrease in thyroid function.Specific symptoms in this disease is not present, it is usually masked for other diseases.The most common primary hypothyroidism appears in the outcome of autoimmune thyroiditis or due to the treatment of hyperthyroidism.It is also possible development of hypothyroidism as a side effect of amiodarone therapy in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, and cytokines in the treatment of infectious hepatitis.Symptoms of the disease in addition to sleepiness feel fatigue, dry skin, slow speech, swelling of face and hands, constipation, sensitivity to cold, memory loss, depression, female menstrual disorders and infertility.
separate group of diseases in which the notes sleepiness associated with obesity and impaired breathing during sleep.This syndrome of "sleep apnea" and Pickwick syndrome.Most often, these diseases are inseparable from each other.
Syndrome "sleep apnea» this potentially deadly disease, which occur during repeated cessation of breathing during sleep of varying lengths.Thus there is a fragmentation of sleep, the brain is necessary each time to "wake up, to give the command to breathe again."Man at this time can not fully wake up, the dream becomes shallow.This explains the lack of satisfaction with sleep and daytime sleepiness.Also, the syndrome of "sleep apnea" is accompanied by increased motor activity of the limbs, snoring, nightmares, headaches in the morning after waking up.During apnea episodes marked increase in blood pressure.First, it comes back to normal after recovery of breath, but then begins to rise steadily.It is also possible cardiac arrhythmias.During episodes of illness reduced cerebral blood flow, up to critical values that may violate its functions.
syndrome Pickwick includes the addition of daytime sleepiness symptoms such as obesity, grade 3-4 (the highest), slowness, edema, cyanosis of the lips and fingers, increased blood viscosity.
Diabetes - a disease of the endocrine system with decreased production of the hormone insulin by the pancreas or the immunity of body tissues to insulin.Insulin is a guide to the glucose cells.This disaccharide is a major source of energy.In diabetes there is an imbalance between the intake of glucose and its utilization by the body.Drowsiness can be a symptom of how the excess glucose in the body, and the lack of it.A progression of drowsiness may indicate a serious complication of diabetes - to whom.It is necessary to pay attention to symptoms such as thirst, fatigue, increase in the amount of urine, itching of the skin, decreased blood pressure, dizziness, the smell of acetone in the inhaled air.If you suspect diabetes should consult a physician or endocrinologist.Everyone should know their blood sugar level, it needs to pass a simple analysis in their clinic or any diagnostic center.
Narcolepsy - is one of the sleep disorders in which a person goes to sleep without feeling tired for a few minutes.Waking them as easily as a dive into the realm of Morpheus.The dream of is no different from the usual, with roofing felt only difference is that the sick person can not predict where, when and for how long he falls asleep next time.Often a harbinger of narcoleptic sleep is catalepsy.This state of severe weakness and inability to arms and legs for a short time before going to sleep, which is fully reversible.Sometimes, this condition may occur in the form of paralysis hearing, sight or smell.It is worth noting that this is an infrequent disease and is designed to control a very effective drug that is assigned to a doctor or a sleep therapist.
apart from other diseases associated with sleepiness, is Klein syndrome - Levin .This is a rare condition in which a person feels an irresistible occasionally (imperative), drowsiness and sleep at any time for a period ranging from several hours to several days.Such intervals alternate with full feeling of health with a frequency of 3 to 6 months.Upon emerging from sleep, patients feel refreshed, feel very hungry, sometimes there are symptoms such as aggression, hypersexuality, general excitement.Cause of the disease is unknown.Most often it occurs in young men between 13 and 19 years, ie during the period of puberty (puberty).
Brain Injury too can cause drowsiness.Headaches, dizziness, bruises under his eyes and a previous episode of traumatic brain injury should alert the patient and induce an immediate treatment to the doctor.
survey with sleepiness
In all sleep disorders, which include drowsiness and, most accurate examination is polysomnography.The patient spends the night in a hospital or a specialized clinic where during sleep are determined and recorded performance of his brain, respiratory and cardio - vascular systems.After the interpretation of the data treatment is prescribed.Since the survey is not a public group, is carried out only when it is impossible to find out the cause of drowsiness in another way.
If you suspect a syndrome of "sleep apnea" can be recorded breathing rates by respiratory monitoring at home using a special device.To determine the efficacy of breathing and blood oxygen saturation pulse oximetry is conducted.
To exclude systemic diseases that cause sleepiness, should be examined by a physician, who, if necessary, appoint a laboratory examination or consult a specialist.
Funds from sleepiness
And in anticipation of consulting a doctor yourself, you can do the following:
• Find out your normal sleep and stick to it.It is best to do during the holidays, when you are not limited schedule.Determine how many hours per day you need to take sleep to feel alert and well rested.Try to stick to these data, all the time remaining.
• Adhere to sleep and rest.Go to bed and get up at the same time as on weekdays, and on weekends.
• Do not neglect the rest, walks in the fresh air and physical activity.
• Include in your diet a multivitamin, fresh fruits and vegetables, drink enough clean water.
• Avoid smoking and alcohol reception
• Reduce the proportion of carbohydrates in the diet.
• Do not get carried away coffee.During drowsiness coffee boosts brain to intensive work, but the brain reserves are being rapidly depleted.After a fairly short period of time a person feels even more sleepy.Besides coffee leads to dehydration and washing out the calcium ions.Replace coffee with green tea, he also carries a good dose of caffeine, but it saturates the body with vitamins and antioxidants.
As you can see, to fend off sleepiness is not so simple.Pay attention to your health.The danger is obvious symptom.In addition to the reduced quality of life due to the decrease in memory performance and attention, it can lead to injuries in the workplace, accidents and catastrophes.
To which the doctor ask
First of all - to the therapist, which, depending on the results of the survey will refer you to a neurologist, endocrinologist, cardiologist, psychotherapist or a sleep.
Moskvina Anna M., therapist