Anxiety and worry - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Unfortunately, the frequent companions of modern life is stress and overwork.Twisting of life requires us to be ready to confront domestic turmoil, problems at work.When such negative factors too much, it may be a constant sense of approaching danger, threat.This feeling is called anxiety, it can be a symptom of an illness, then the doctors speak about anxiety.A person with anxiety may call your state of mind a restless, rebellious.People are getting restless, waiting for some kind of danger, although they may not know what form it will take or where to wait for her.In some cases, anxiety can lead to dizziness, increased sweating, palpitations, fainting, gastrointestinal disorders.Psychiatrists and psychologists to a state of frustration sometimes the term is used.
Causes of anxiety can be external circumstances (exams, problems in the family, professional activity, a change habitual way of life, fatigue and so on.).So often in healthy people, their concern in this case is a reasonable
Diseases accompanied by anxiety
Anxiety occurs in many diseases, not just mental.For example, with hyperthyroidism, when hormonal disorders in menopausal women, as well as sudden anxiety may be a precursor to incipient heart attack, fall in blood sugar levels in diabetes.
Practically all mental disorders at some point or another anxiety arises.For example, in schizophrenia, it can be observed in the prodromal period or be a sign of an approaching worsening.Various neuroses often begin with raising the level of anxiety.When withdrawal symptoms in an alcoholic or a drug addict strongly enough emphasized this symptom.
often combined with anxiety phobias (fears), sleep disturbance, depressed mood, irritability, and sometimes with hallucinations or delusions.
In what other diseases there is anxiety:
- Hypoglycemia Reactive idiopathic
- Crease tireotoksicski
- Pulmonary edema cardiogenic
- The syndrome of abstinence
- Bacterial meningitis
- Parkinson's Disease
- Chagas disease
- haemorrhagic form of dengue
- Rett syndrome
- myocardial infarction
- alcohol and drug intoxication
to which the doctor ask for anxiety
If the state of inexplicable anxiety worried man a few days, it is advisable to consult a doctor.You can start with a visit to the physician, especially if you have any health complaints.Be prepared to take a blood test, urine tests, an electrocardiogram done, it is necessary to determine the general condition of the body, especially if you have not visited the clinic.If necessary, the therapist guides the patient with anxiety for consultation endocrinologist or neurologist.These professionals may appoint additional examinations - an endocrinologist, for example, offer to do ultrasound of the thyroid gland, or donate blood to those or other hormones, and may appoint a neurologist EEG, to get an idea about the functioning of the brain.If the examination in the clinic does not detect the pathology of internal organs may need to consult a psychiatrist or therapist to determine the causes of anxiety.
immediately need to see a specialist, if anxiety is accompanied by depressed mood, hallucinations, or there are signs of people behaving inappropriately.In this case, the right to immediately visit a psychiatrist.You can not put off a visit to the clinic, if the symptom of anxiety is accompanied by loss of consciousness (at least once), or there is tremor (trembling), cold sweats, shortness of breath, heart palpitations.At high severity of these symptoms is best to call the brigade ambulance.Risk of underestimating the anxiety is that you can skip the beginning of life-threatening conditions - myocardial infarction, hypoglycemic coma, or the development of a psychotic state - when the patient is unable to reliably estimate the reality and his behavior could pose a threat to others and himself.
combination of anxiety with depressed mood may signal depression that when weighting often leads to suicide.
How to get rid of anxiety (symptomatic treatment)
Meanwhile, the anxiety itself quite well to treatment.Mainly used tranquilizers (eg, Phenazepamum, Relanium, rudotel, Medazepam and others).These drugs reduce the patient's anxiety.Some also have a soporific effect, which allows their use for the treatment of insomnia (she often accompanies anxiety), but when taking these tranquilizers can not drive vehicles and do the job that requires a high degree of attention and concentration.If it is important for the patient to discuss with your doctor the possibility of appointing the so-called "day of tranquilizers" - they act on symptoms of anxiety without causing drowsiness.These drugs include rudotel, Grandaxinum.
Additionally psychiatrist can prescribe drugs affecting mood - antidepressants (such as Prozac or Luvox, Atarax), while signs of psychosis or severe irritability and neuroleptics (sonapaks, rispolept, haloperidol and others).
therapist will help the patient to learn anger management techniques and breathing practices that you can use when approaching alarm.
Traditional medicine offers a wide range of herbal sedatives, including lemon balm, mint, tansy, valerian, Leonurus, and many other herbs.Their use is unlikely to cause any complications are expressed, but also can not expect quick and qualitative results of the use of herbal preparations only.As adjuvant treatment of anxiety, herbs can benefit.Treatment exclusively traditional medicines and non-professional assistance is fraught with dangerous complications state.As mentioned above, it is possible to miss the beginning of serious illness, but even if it is just an isolated symptom of anxiety, the long-existing state of anxiety without proper treatment can lead to chronic anxiety disorder, or to the development of anxiety neurosis, not to mention the significant reduction in the quality ofpatient.
careful attitude towards their health - the best prevention of all diseases.
Psychiatrist Bochkareva OS