Nail Fungus hands, feet ( onychomycosis ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Onychomycosis - a group of fungal diseases affecting the nails as the hands and feet.According to the authors of nail fungus are found in 10 - 20% of the population.In older, this percentage is higher in younger correspondingly lower.
Causes of nail fungus
main causes are fungi - dermatophytes, of which the first place is T. rubrum and yeast.Infection with the fungus occurs by contact, through household items (common shoes, sneakers), in baths, basins.Often they fall from the skin can be affected by a fungus or vice versa.Aggravating factors of onychomycosis are: work in tight shoes, work with water, excessive sweating, blood flow disturbance in the limbs.In general, as I wrote in an article for fungal infections: pathogen multiplies where damp, dark and warm.After all, the fungus can be found on the skin and does not cause pathology.
symptoms of fungal nail
diseases There are several forms of onychomycosis:
1) normotroficheskie form of the disease when changing nail color, most often it is yell
2) hypertrophic characterized by thickening of the nail plate with a change in color.
3) hypotrophic, respectively, with its decrease.
first hit the top of the nails, and then the process goes in the germ area.Subjective feeling of the patient is experiencing.When yeast lesions often occur with the combination of Candida paronychia (inflammation of periungual roller with its tenderness).
diagnosis of nail fungus
Differintsialnaya diagnosis is with nail psoriasis, onycholysis, nail when suffering from other conditions, nail trauma.Treatment of these conditions will differ from the treatment of onychomycosis and therefore need to be diagnosed by a dermatologist or a mycologist.
Furthermore inspection takes a small piece of the nail on microscopic examination.If there are conditions at the clinic, conduct studies and cultures with a certain type of fungus.
treatment of nail fungus
Treatment is prescribed depending on the stage of onychomycosis.At the initial stage - a medical varnishes (betrafen, ekzoderil).Treatment with ointments and solutions (5% iodine, lamizila spray) I use very rarely, since they do not penetrate the nail plate because of its density.
If the process in the growth plate, the treatment include tablet preparations (terbinafine, rumikoz, mikosist).They are less toxic in comparison with the same last generation drugs, but it is still necessary to examine the liver, making blood chemistry.
very important processing shoe (mikostop), daily change of socks with their boiling.You must have your towel.Remember that nail fungus - a contagious disease and often recurs.
When assigning the tablets need to limit the amount of alcohol is used to reduce the load on the liver.
for relapse prevention prescribed for some time processing the nail plate, but only if they look healthy and analyzes revealed no fungus, 5% iodine solution.
If we talk about the people's money, then my attitude to them such as treatment with ointments and solutions.Often come to me patients who used these techniques.Instruments such as onion juice, garlic has antifungal effect, but did not penetrate the nail plate and the process extends to sprout zone.It is necessary to appoint a tablet preparations, and they are not cheap.Conclusion: The sooner treatment is started nail fungus, the cheaper it will cost.This way you can save money on other important purchases.
Complications of fungal infection
Onychomycosis may, because of their foreignness and sensitization, provoking such diseases as eczema.In consequence of violations of nail growth - ingrown nail when he grows into the skin tissue, with severe inflammation and soreness.In this case, very often it is necessary to resort to remove it.
Prevention of nail fungus
prevention is personal hygiene (do not use common shoes, slippers use in baths, carefully wipe the feet after the bath and shower) prompt treatment of fungal infections of the skin, vascular diseases of extremities.
Medical consultation for onychomycosis
Question: How do you feel about the surgical removal of the nail with onychomycosis?
Answer: Honestly, bad.This is an old technique, and removing the nail, bruising this patient razve we will be able to remove the fungus from growing zone?At the present stage, new drugs with good penetration in the foci of infection.
Question: What shoes are best used in the baths?
A. Batts or beach.
Q: How long does it takes pills from nail fungus?
A: - different.For example, about 3 months terbinafine.
Dermatologist A. Mansurov