STIs - sexually transmitted infections by - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) - a group of diseases, which are the main route of transmission is through sexual contact.They are divided into:
1) microbial, such as gonorrhea, syphilis,
2) protozoal infections (unicellular) - trichomoniasis,
3) virus, herpes, hepatitis B, C and HIV.
Separately want to identify the disease, where sexual transmission is common (scabies, molluscum contagiosum, the same herpes, pubic lice, hepatitis).
By order of the Ministry of Health of the infections, sexually transmitted classified in a separate category - a "Sexually transmitted diseases".There are only 5: gonorrhea, syphilis, donovanosis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum.The last three are most common in tropical countries, but given the open borders, we must also remember them.
Symptoms of STIs
When still be suspected at the disease, sexually transmitted?I arbitrarily divide the symptoms into internal and external, that we will see in their skin.If we talk
In diseases such as gonorrhea and trichomoniasis present cramps during urination, itching in the urethra, excretion.Besides, that allocation may be purulent (yellow), as well as transparent.Keep in mind: urogenital infections (urogenital) is often asymptomatic, and manifest themselves in the form of complications during such infections like chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis.Click here very often occurs, and trichomoniasis, which is present in 80% of cases with a gynecologic pathology.Trichomoniasis - a scourge of urogenital infections.Understand, if there are no complaints, the person does not go to the doctor, and we identify the disease is already at an advanced stage.
Therefore, if you or God forbid revealed chronic prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate in men), erosion (defect) of the cervix or leukoplakia, degeneration of her cells (by the way, a precancerous condition), inflammation of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, suitability for women, infertility - this is a direct way to access and to the dermatologist for a screening for infections, sexually transmitted infections.
Referring manifestations on the skin, of course you need to remember about this disease as syphilis.No wonder it is called "the ape of all diseases."Mass states, "a parody of" this infection."Sores" (chancre) at the site of contact, appear 3-5 weeks after sexual contact with a sick person, painless, often mistaken for herpes or simply overlooked.Subsequently, with the development of the disease it disappears, the process moves to an advanced form.Very often chancre obrabytyvaetsya soap and toilet of external genitals and soap detrimental effect on the causative agent of syphilis, but only "superficially" in this case.The chancre disappears, diagnosis is difficult, there is an imaginary being, and infection inside the body, meanwhile, it affects all organs and systems: the nervous, skeletal, gastrointestinal tract ... You probably have heard of such a complication as a "retraction of the nose Frequent localization of chancre -?it is the inner layer of the foreskin in men and lower commissure of the labia majora in women closer to the anus are encouraged not to pay attention to the state of the inguinal lymph nodes:.. they increased
When genital herpes "sore" painful, the person complains of a feeling of "burning".By the way, the presence of genital herpes, and especially his frequent relapses are a direct indication for testing for HIV and reproductive tract infections
rash on the body can be accompanied by itching, such as scabies (rashes on thin skin areas:. interdigital spaces, lower abdomen,halos nipple in women), and is not as if I said syphilis - it roseolous spotty rash on the side portions of the body, without the subjective sensations (even at the secondary period) as well as on the palms, soles, oral mucosa, tongue.
impossible not to mention about such diseases as pediculosis pubis or pubic lice.The pubic louse looks like a grain size of 1-2 mm gray - brown.Infection occurs during sexual intercourse, use of common bed, clothes.Parasite on all areas of the skin where there is hair, except the scalp, where she lays eggs (nits) and is accompanied by severe itching.The most frequent localization - a pubic region.When scratching the skin is damaged, and it is a direct way for the penetration infections and the appearance of pustular disease.As you know, an urgent need to make appointments to the dermatologist.
Many IPPPmogut transmitted from mother to child.A pregnant woman's germs and viruses that cause STIs, can disrupt the normal course of pregnancy.The child can become infected while in the womb, during delivery and through breastfeeding.Infection can cause serious harm to the health of the baby.
Testing for STIs
If we talk about how quickly you need to seek medical advice after accidental sexual relations, then I will say this: "The sooner, the better."Very well, if the doctor should do a proactive prevention - treatment of external and internal genital organs, prophylactic antibiotics and antimicrobials.
This can shorten the treatment time yourself and prevent a lot of complications.Do not forget to consult your doctor and osmotrmi prevention, testing, which is now mass.In such diseases as syphilis, hepatitis, HIV - blood.When urogenital infections - it strokes are taken in general, then the same, and the "look" in different ways.This detection of the pathogen in the "fresh" material (microscopic examination of Pap) smear paint when the causative agent becomes clearly visible, and the crops if the pathogen surprising number of small, then there is their growth on nutrient media, and it is easily detected under the microscope.
microscopic examination of smear can give reliable results only if the infection is fresh.If the disease is started, such an analysis can not show anything.In such cases, the methods used: Bacteriological sowings, the detection of specific DNA regions of the pathogen (PCR), a blood test aimed at the detection of the causative agent or antibodies thereto in the blood.In most cases, accurate diagnosis IPPPneobhodimo several different studies.
If a person had unprotected sexual contact, and even if there are no symptoms of the illness, be sure to consult a doctor!
Treatment of STIs
the treatment of sexually transmitted infections in the arsenal of a doctor weight antibiotics, antimicrobials, but it is always more difficult to treat advanced forms and co-infection.The people there is a myth "about a - the one pill that will cure all", but that's just a fairy tale.There is not a pill, and I think that will not appear in the near future.
If a person identified several infections have to take complex medication or a combination of them.Such conditions are treated worse faster complications arise.For example, the combination of gonorrhea and trichomoniasis often lead to abscess (purulent lesion) of the prostate, uterus, appendages, ovaries, which are treated surgically.If trichomoniasis is easier to "get" HIV - infection, since the affected local immunity and mobile trichomonas spread on itself immunodeficiency viruses.
Treat STDs need to be sure.Until today, not a single case of a spontaneous cure from any disease transmitted through sexual contact.Do not think that if the symptoms have disappeared, and the disease has passed.The disease may progress to a chronic stage and occur without symptoms.Such hidden course of the disease is dangerous, because serious complications can arise.In addition, not knowing about their illness, the person leading a normal life and can transmit the disease to others.No less dangerous and self-random drugs.In this case, curing usually does not occur, the disease becomes chronic and even more difficult treatable.If you suspect an STI, it can only help to a specialist - a gynecologist, urologist or dermatologist.
only early access to a doctor and a thorough implementation of all recommendations of the physician can ensure a full recovery from the STI .
doctor venereologist Mansurov AS