Fungal infections of the skin and internal organs - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
fungal infections - a group of diseases caused by a variety of fungi on the skin appendages of the skin and internal organs.In general, the fungi may be present on healthy skin, but under certain conditions "be" themselves, as it is, with the features of the immune system and its reduction (HIV - infection), adverse environmental factors, malignancies, a wide use of antibiotics, cytostatics, associated chronic diseases, diabetes, skin overheating humidity.
most convenient classification of mycoses:
1) Keratomikozy (pityriasis versicolor, piedra, imbricated athlete's foot).The last two forms are found in countries with hot climates.
2) Dermatomycoses (athlete, mikrosporiya, trihofitia, favus)
3) Candidiasis.A large group of diseases that affects the skin, mucous membranes, internal organs yeast.
4) The deep mycoses (gistaplazmoz, koktsidoidoz, blastomycosis, cryptococcosis, geotrichosis, chromomycosis, rinosporidoz, aspergillosis, mukoroz. Severe disease, but fortunately we are rare. Even in this gro
deep (actinomycosis, mikromonosporoz, nocardiosis), but it is little justification, as they vyzyvayutya microorganisms that resemble mushrooms, but their livelihoods are more relevant to the bacteria.
Causes of mycoses
sources of fungal infections can yavlyayutya peopleanimals, so those and other Ways of transmission -. pin, air -. dust (cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis), as a result of violations integrity of the skin and mucous membranes, genital (vulvovaginal candidiasis) Very often the agents of looking thin sections of our body and the natural folds
When possible suspect at a fungal infection?Common symptoms are a skin exfoliation, hyperemia (redness), pruritus.If the affected mucous, it may be white plaque inflammation, burning.
example yeast mucosal lesions of the oral cavity - thrush :
most common diseases that affect the population of our country from a group keratomikozov - it pityriasis (multicolored) versicolor .In the process of the body affected skin with the characteristic spots of color "coffee with milk" and defurfuration in the center or they will be white, if a person comes on and through these places are not "penetrated" the sun.
more widely represented group dermatomikozov .These fungi live on the hair, where the hair is excision as in microspores and trichophytosis, skin, its peeling, inflammation, which can be red with a characteristic at the periphery of the roller.The most frequent localization - a natural skin folds (axilla, groin, interdigital spaces).The process may be accompanied by itching.
When onihomikozah (nail fungus), they change color, usually on the edge, to yellow.The nail plate crumbling.She or hypertrophic (raised) or gipotrofichna (conversely reduced).
In contrast to dermatophytes, yeasts can cause disease in all tissues, except for the hair.They are often on the healthy organism, and thus do not cause any pathology.Candida love moist and warm environment, and therefore localized in the natural folds of the skin.For example candidal intertrigo, this condition is also called "the washerwomen's disease."He was exposed to people who by virtue of their profession have a contact with water (cleaners, dishwashing moyschitsy).
especially would like to mention yeast defeat genitals.In men, it is Candida balanoposthitis (inflammation of the glans penis and foreskin), women vulvovaginal candidiasis (vaginal mucosa and external genital organs).The process is accompanied by burning and itching.Pregnant with neblagoriyatnyh factors intrauterine infection of the fetus (skin, mucous membranes, internal organs) may occur.Therefore, it is necessary to treat the disease and during pregnancy.In HIV - infected candida takes over with malignant mucosal lesions, internal organs, difficult to treat, often retsediviruyuschee.
diagnosis of fungal infections
engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections dermatologist or - mycologist.The diagnosis of "athlete's foot" is exposed on the basis of laboratory studies.Undertake various substraty - is often superficial skin flakes, as well as blood, sputum, faeces.These materials are handled reagents and look under the microscope.
fungus (Candida) under a microscope
To accurately determine the type of pathogen, culture methods are used - the growth of fungus on "favorite for him," nutrient media.
In 1925 Margarot Deveze and discovered that some of ringworm are localized on the hair, emit a characteristic glow ultrofeoletovoe.So you can spend differintsialnuyu diagnostics with similar diseases such as mikrosporiya and trihofitia.
It is important to do more research and methods to answer the question: "Why has proved a fungus?".At this point, the survey will be relevant: a blood test for sugar, checking for all diseases, sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, with balanoposthitis, vulvovaginitis, skin candidiasis.
Treatment of mycosis
For treatment of fungal infections, there are different dosage forms: local therapy - this ointment (Nizoral, Lamisil, mifungar) solutions as formulations (iodine solution), and produced according to a recipe (salitsilovo- - resorcinol alcohol), candles(pimafutsin, an option in the treatment of "thrush" during pregnancy).If the process is localized on the scalp is appropriate to use medicated shampoos (Nizoral - shampoo, ketokonozol).When the above forms can not "get" to the fungus, the tablets prescribed drugs (mikosist, Lamisil).
During the "fight" with mycosis necessarily respected hygienic measures (processing of shoes, clothes), that is, everything that comes into contact with the patient's body.
remember much about prevention, we must remember that there are three points for the development of the fungus where damp, dark and warm.It concludes that personal hygiene, aeration normal clothes.If a family has a sick man, who, I hope, has already turned to the doctor, then he must have your towel, clothes, and their subsequent processing.
dermatologist A. Mansurov