Pituitary dwarfism - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Endocrine Diseases

pituitary dwarfism (dwarfism) - a disease characterized by delayed growth and physical development, connected with violation of growth hormone.Karlikov believe the growth of adult men below 130 cm, adult women -.. Less than 120 cm

pituitary dwarfism (dwarfism) - a disease characterized by delayed growth and physical development, connected with violation of growth hormone.Karlikov believe the growth of adult men below 130 cm, adult women -. 120 cm below

main link of the disease is to reduce the growth hormone and the complete loss of pituitary function, growth hormone inactivity or violation of the sensitivity of peripheral tissues to it..

Symptoms of pituitary dwarfism

Stunting is detected in the first months of life, at least - during puberty.The body retains the proportions typical of childhood.Lagging behind differentiation and skeletal ossification of age, delayed dentition.The skin is dry, pale and wrinkled;weak development of subcutaneous fat, and sometimes excessive deposition of fat i

n the breasts, abdomen, thighs.The muscular system in these patients significantly less developed.

dwarfism When there is a decrease the production of sex hormones (hypogonadism), which manifests itself in the form of lack of sexual development.Men suffering from this disease, gonads and penis is reduced compared with the age norm, underdeveloped scrotum, there is a lack of secondary sexual characteristics.In women, hypogonadism is manifested in the form of absence of menstruation, underdevelopment of the mammary glands and secondary sex characteristics.

normal mental development.Neurological examination signs of damage to the nervous system can be identified.

For patients characterized by a decrease in the size of internal organs, frequent hypotension (decreased blood pressure), bradycardia (heart palpitations).There are phenomena of secondary hypothyroidism.

reasons pituitary dwarfism

Most forms of pituitary dwarfism relates to genetic diseases.A large group of patients are patients with different types of pathologies of the central nervous system, arising in utero or in early childhood.At the heart disease is hypoplasia, cysts, atrophy or absence of the pituitary gland.Dwarfism may also be caused by a traumatic injury of the hypothalamic-pituitary region, which often occurs in multiple pregnancies.An important role in the development of the disease plays a role of infectious and toxic damage (intrauterine viral infections, tuberculosis, syphilis, malaria, the disease at an early age, meningoencephalitis, sepsis), which may damage the pituitary gland itself, the hypothalamus.

Additional factors aggravating the violation of physical development with dwarfism may be inadequate, unbalanced diet and adverse environmental conditions, as well as chronic disease (glomerulonephritis, cirrhosis of the liver, and others.)

treatment of pituitary dwarfism

In order to stimulate growth are used intermittentlyanabolic steroid treatments.

Patients with symptomatic hypothyroidism prescribe appropriate drugs to treat this disease.
to stimulate sexual development after the closing of growth zones prescribed sex hormones.

patients shows a diet with an increased content of protein, vitamins.

forecast pituitary dwarfism

Prognosis depends on the causes and dynamics of its main causes.When genetic pituitary nanizmesvoevremennoe treatment significantly improves the life of the patient's prognosis and disability.They can often perform any work that is not related to the physical and considerable mental stress.

In cases where patients with limited ability to work, they are disabled group III.With a very small rise and extreme physical weakness establish a disability group II.