Allergic Conjunctivitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Currently, there is a noticeable increase in the number of allergic diseases that occur with eye disease.These include allergic conjunctivitis, allergic keratoconjunctivitis (a combination of symptoms of conjunctivitis and keratitis) and seasonal eye damage in patients with hay fever (allergic rhinitis, as a result of an allergic reaction to pollen).According to the frequency of occurrence of allergic conjunctivitis is on the list in the first place.This article will answer most of the questions related to allergic conjunctivitis.
Allergic conjunctivitis - is an allergic inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye (the conjunctiva - a fabric lining the front surface of the eyeball and the inner surface of the eyelids), manifested lacrimation, local swelling and itching sensation.
Allergic conjunctivitis is more common in young age.No differences in incidence between men and women do not.Accurate data on the prevalence of the disease does not exist, as the allergic conjunctivitis is ofte
Cause Allergic conjunctivitis Allergic conjunctivitis
developing the mechanism of immediate type hypersensitivity, that is, the symptoms appear immediately after contact with the substance that causes the allergy.
Features of the anatomical structure of the eye facilitates its access to the effects of different allergens (substances causing allergic reaction) environment.The most common allergens that can cause the development of allergic conjunctivitis, domestic (house dust mites, house dust, library dust, feather pillows), epidermal (wool, animal dander, feathers, fish food, etc.), pollen (pollen of variousplants).Frequently observed allergic reactions to cosmetics and household chemicals.
food allergy as the cause of conjunctivitis is rare.
symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.
main symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis following (photo):
speed development of symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis from a few minutes up to 12-24 hours after exposure to the allergen.Affects usually both eyes.Inflammation of the conjunctival membranes only one eye is not typical for allergic conjunctivitis, although it may sometimes be observed (if the allergen has got only one eye, for example, was recorded with his hands).
main symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis: intense itching of the eyes, tearing, swelling, redness of the conjunctiva (red eyes).In severe disease may develop photophobia.
leading symptom of allergic conjunctivitis is typically itchy, causing the patient to rub his eyes, that only reinforces all of the clinical manifestations.
during allergic conjunctivitis can be acute (sudden onset and passes quickly) or chronic (long-term, sluggish during the inflammatory process).The nature of inflammation depends on the cause and significant allergen and frequency of contact with him.
When connecting to an allergy infection (which happens quite often if untreated or improperly chosen treatment) purulent discharge appears in the corner of the eye.
Heredity patient usually burdened by an allergic disease, ie among relatives there are people with allergies.
Often patients can indicate allergens exacerbate development.Trial receiving antihistamines often brings little relief.
As mentioned earlier in this article, allergic conjunctivitis is often associated with other manifestations of allergic disposition.The most frequent companions of the disease: allergic rhinitis (runny nose) and allergic dermatitis.
What tests need to take in cases of suspected allergic conjunctivitis
This disease is allergic conjunctivitis is in the interests of two medical specialties: allergist-immunologist and an ophthalmologist (eye specialist).They and you should visit first.We must start with an ophthalmologist, as are a number of eye diseases accompanied by similar symptoms with allergic conjunctivitis.
details, what tests are needed to confirm the diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis is carried out only after the final diagnosis and confirmation of the allergic nature of conjunctivitis.Otherwise, the treatment will have the clinical effect and can contribute to the progression of inflammation and the development of complications.
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis is made up of multi-purpose the following drugs: more
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis folk remedies.
methods from the arsenal of "traditional medicine", which I would recommend to most patients for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, no.Experiments with eyewash folk remedies prepared for various "grandma's" recipes, can provoke exacerbation of and accession to the allergic conjunctivitis secondary infection.
Features lifestyle with allergic conjunctivitis.
Removing the allergen provoking acute allergic conjunctivitis, the patient from the surrounding environment - an essential component of the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis.The list of allergens to be detected after elimination of the allergy survey (this is in the long run and should).If completely eliminate contact with the allergen, the symptoms disappear without any medical treatment.Unfortunately, it does not always work.
character of elimination of measures determined by the type of allergen, but in any case, it should be discussed with an allergist. Details on how to protect yourself from allergens
Allergic conjunctivitis in children
in early childhood allergic conjunctivitis is relatively rare, usually occurs after three or four years.Although exceptions are always possible.
traditionally accompany symptoms of conjunctivitis allergic rhinitis (runny nose).In children with a first allergic conjunctivitis tend to have been allergy symptoms in the past (usually type allergic dermatitis, diathesis, etc.).
Among children, there is a high prevalence of allergy to food.Treatment is carried out by the general principles.Upon confirmation of the diagnosis is necessary as soon as possible to start the allergen-specific therapy.At this age, it is most effective.
Children quite often found pseudoallergy reactions (reactions resembling allergy, but developing from other causes), which necessitates examination of their gastrointestinal tract, parasitosis, etc. Search
Allergic conjunctivitis and pregnancy
Allergic conjunctivitis is rarely seen for the first time during pregnancy.But the possible aggravation of already having the disease.Treatment of allergic diseases during pregnancy is associated with a number of difficulties associated with the fact that most of the drugs and a number of methods of examination at the time banned because of their potential hazard to the fetus.
symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis during pregnancy do not have significant differences from the classical.
negative impact of the disease on the fetus is not.Although the toxic effects on the child's still possible, but only when using prohibited for that period of a woman's life drugs.
Allergy diagnosis during pregnancy is possible only by blood tests (blood IgE specific).Try as much as possible to carry out tough measures to reduce exposure to allergens.Local treatment is initiated with derivatives sodium cromoglycate by them and limited.In the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis in pregnant women adhere to the principle of maximum limitation of antihistamines because of their potential effects on the fetus.If necessary, preference is given to the third-generation drugs (Telfast) in minimally effective doses.Sometimes the treatment regimen administered sorbents course in 10-14 days.
Possible complications of allergic conjunctivitis and forecast
Allergic conjunctivitis, like any other allergy - a chronic disease.Existing methods of treatment may cause a stable remission (no symptoms), but will remain an allergic disposition.
Weather favorable for life.If untreated, tend to have adherence infection (usually bacterial).Perhaps worsening comorbidity eye (glaucoma, keratitis, etc.).
Prevention of allergic conjunctivitis
specific prevention, to prevent the development of allergic conjunctivitis, unfortunately, not been developed due to the fact that a single theory which is why developing an allergy as such yet.
methods of secondary prevention aimed at preventing exacerbations of existing disease is to remove the allergen from the surrounding environment (see. Features of diet and lifestyle with allergic conjunctivitis), and carrying out adequate treatment.
Answers to frequently asked questions on allergic conjunctivitis:
I allergic conjunctivitis.Constantly instilled eye dexamethasone eye drops.Symptoms removed perfectly.How long can I use them?
Can I wear lenses during exacerbation of allergic conjunctivitis?
Could be allergic conjunctivitis result of food allergies?
bought a new mascara.Several times painted, and every time after that occurred redness of the eyelids, watery eyes.Can I somehow remove this reaction?Mascara is a pity to throw away, for it has given more than 1.5 thousand.
I have allergic rhinitis.I am receiving treatment.But lately there have ocular symptoms (redness, itching of the eyelids).With what it can be connected.
Often there are pimples on the inside of the eyelid, go away over time without treatment, is allergic conjunctivitis?
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