Chronic Stress - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
How often frantic pace of modern life, we meet with the word "stress"!This concept for many people includes various unpleasant situations that arise at work, in personal relationships, in the forced intercourse with strangers.Many people believe that their life is under constant stress, and possibly they are not far from the truth.Life in the city in general is a test for resistance to stress, because from early morning until late at night the city dweller surrounded by the fuss, a lot of strange and not always positive minded people.Congestion on the roads of cars pollute the air and create a tense atmosphere of eternal haste and eternal delay.Even at home, sometimes you can not fully relax: from the open window all the same highway noise and the smell of exhaust gases, on TV receives information about the economic and political troubles, crimes.Even when fully relax?Many of us after work time enough for dinner semi-finished products, after which would be good rather go to sleep, because tomorrow every
From a medical point of view, stress is a condition of the body, in which all its provisions are in tension.Moreover, stress can arise both when exposed to adverse environmental factors, and the presence of positive emotions (eg, creative impulse).
Causes of stress
factors that lead to stress are called stressors.They are unique to each individual - what one might call a surprise or a smile, another will be a stress factor.Also, the occurrence of stress affect genetic predisposition to such reactions, and the presence of certain diseases increases the likelihood of stress (eg, anxiety disorder, diabetes, autoimmune diseases such as lupus, thyroid disease).
matters and previous human experience, the novelty of the situation, intensity and duration of the stress factors.We can say that every day we are confronted with the causes of stress, but the likelihood of the development of the stress response affects even our way of life, health, mental attitude.
Symptoms of stress
How can you tell that a person is under stress?The main component of the stress response is anxiety, often for no apparent reason.She can accompany unmotivated depressed mood (ie depression), sleep disorders (insomnia at night and / or daytime sleepiness).Man under stress worse cope with their work responsibilities, he quickly gets tired, often distracted, irritable.
physical condition also can indicate stress.Characterized by a rapid heartbeat and breathing, increased blood pressure, back pain, abdominal indefinite nature, headaches, loss of appetite and immunity.
Unfortunately, there is no such symptoms, the presence of which would be accurate to say that a person is under stress.Therefore, it is unlikely to diagnose stress.Be sure to consult your doctor if you have these symptoms.
better to start with a general practitioner consultations, which will do an exam to detect chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, digestive system, evaluate the hormones of the body.This is necessary to exclude the presence of diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, gastritis, hypothyroidism, atherosclerosis.To clarify the state may need to consult other specialists, such as a neurologist, an endocrinologist.Be sure the doctor will prescribe a blood test, urinalysis, electrocardiogram.
If all examinations that are assigned to physicians within the normal range and the patient's condition is far from satisfactory, your doctor may recommend to turn to a psychiatrist or psychotherapist.These specialists familiarized with the results of surveys of clinics may have a diagnosis of chronic stress.Sometimes psychiatrist refers the patient to additional tests, such as EEG or psychological consultation.This is necessary to prevent mental and neurological diseases such as epilepsy, panic disorder.It is clear that it is impossible to say with certainty without the participation of doctors, man suffers stress disorder or not.Self-diagnosis The danger is that the writing off ailments to stress, it is possible to miss the start of serious diseases, up to cancer.
Treatment of chronic stress
If the physician has established the presence of chronic stress, he will tell you about methods of struggle against it.Treatment includes drug component - usually prescribe drugs that help the body cope with the increased load.It all known vitamins, especially B group, as well as drugs - adaptogens, which include medicinal plants - Siberian ginseng, Schisandra, Rhodiola rosea, buckthorn and other products of animal origin and, for example, apilak (a waste product of bees).These drugs are sold in pharmacies without a prescription, but they have side effects and complications, such as apilak is quite a strong allergen, Siberian ginseng can cause insomnia, therefore still decide on the admission of these funds is better to accept the doctor.
If you have serious sleep problems, your doctor may prescribe a sleeping pill (sanval, relakson and other drugs), if the patient strongly expressed alarm, you can use soft tranquilizers (Grandaxinum, rudotel, Atarax), with the prevalence of symptoms the doctor will recommend an antidepressant depression (eg, Luvox, which also improves sleep and night).
When choosing a drug is taken into account the patient's lifestyle, so if your job requires high concentration of attention or you drive a car, you must report it at the reception.Also, be sure to inform the doctor about allergic reactions, if any.
need Separately say about the unacceptability of alcohol reception and especially narcotic drugs during treatment.The combination of alcohol with tranquilizers and sleeping pills can have tragic consequences - severe poisoning (possibly fatal), psychoses.In addition, the use of alcohol and drugs increases the stress itself (though subjectively the person can feel some improvement) and reduces to "no" all the efforts of specialists.
However, drugs are not the main, but rather an auxiliary treatment for stress.Not just relieve symptoms, you need to teach a person to confront their own stress factors.To do this, there are therapeutic techniques, combined under the name of anti-stress therapy .This rational psychotherapy, hypnosis.The disadvantages of these techniques is that they require a significant concentration, which can not all patients under stress.In connection with this popular the various methods of meditation (mantra, deep breathing).
stress associated with their professional activities, can be reduced by proper organization of work and rest, such as during the working day is useful to do some light exercise (alternating tension and relaxation of the muscles of the head, neck and shoulders, squeezing a tennis ball, etc.).It is advisable to rest is not a passive pastime, and was full of interesting and useful activities.This can be any hobby, a little trip, a trip to the gym, spa, meeting with friends in nature (thus mindful of the harmful effects of alcohol).
Meals should help the body recuperate, and not to give too much burden on the gastrointestinal tract.Preferred are simple dishes, steamed or baked or stewed.We must give priority to fresh food, do not get involved in the use of spices and meat and fatty foods.Eating should be a regular, welcome light snack between meals, to remove the feeling of hunger.
Folk remedies when steressah
Some people prefer to do traditional medicines, avoiding recourse to physicians, especially psychiatrists.Arsenal traditional medicine includes drug charges (consisting usually occurs lemon balm, chamomile, St. John's wort), taking baths with infusions and decoctions of herbs (sage, rosemary, lime).Often used valerian, Leonurus, mint.These treatments may well complement the therapy prescribed by the doctor, but the use of some traditional medicines are usually ineffective.In addition, the rejection of a survey among experts increases the risk of missing a serious disease, hiding under the guise of stress such as hypertension, hypothyroidism, hormonal metabolism.
With constant exposure to stress factors and untreated, chronic stress may cause a malfunction of the body.As mentioned at the beginning, the stress is a condition in which the body is switched to the "fully operational mode", ieheartbeat and respiration learning, to provide greater blood flow and oxygen to the vital organs, and the blood flow in the digestive system is reduced, which causes disturbances in its work.Increased levels of stress hormones - adrenalin, gidrokortizola insulin.With long-term development of these hormones are depleted gland, adrenal insufficiency, and hence, as a complication of long-term stress, and diabetes.A frequent complication is hypertension.Men with long-acting stress factors may decrease the potency.To prevent these complications is necessary to promptly see a doctor and thoroughly implement its recommendations.
Prevention of stress
Prevention of stress is quite simple and is known to almost everyone, but unfortunately, not all that difficult himself.This is the right way of life, including the rational organization of work and rest, maintaining physical fitness, healthy eating, no frills.
optimism, ability to switch from negative thoughts, exercise, the presence of a hobby, a change of scenery is guaranteed to reduce the risk of stress.Many in this helps keeping a diary, anger management techniques.Even if you'll be spending more time outdoors, or watch a comedy that will make you a good laugh or take a fragrant bath, you already feel the relief, and the level of stress hormones will be reduced.
Live fully and enjoy life!Remember that any health problem can be solved if you do not ignore it, and in time to see a doctor!
Psychiatrist Bochkareva OS