Pharyngitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Pharyngitis - a disease of the pharynx, mainly infectious nature, with mucosal lesions and lymph nodes.Rarely isolated, often combined with an acute inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory tract.Pharyngitis is very often seen in middle and old age.In children, usually develops strep throat.According to statistics of men suffer from this disease more often than women.
Causes of pharyngitis
Strep develops when exposure to an infectious agent in 70% of cases are viruses, the remaining 30% is a bacterial infection, fungal, allergic reactions and injuries.
Chronic pharyngitis develops due to long flowing pharynx inflammation, frequent colds, joining more bacterial infection to an existing virus.It is also the cause of chronic pharyngitis can serve as unfavorable climatic and environmental factors (polluted air, chemicals, smoking and alcohol consumption).Chronic pharyngitis is characterized by a long period of development.
Like all chronic diseases exacerbated pharyngitis with a decrease in immuni
Sometimes chronic pharyngitis is combined with chronic inflammation of the oropharynx tonsils (chronic tonsillitis).Inflammation, long flowing in the mucous membrane of the pharynx and lymphoid tissue, leading to poor circulation and as a consequence to atrophy.Depending on the extent and depth of mucosal lesions secrete several forms pharyngitis - a catarrhal, hypertrophic and atrophic.
symptoms of pharyngitis.
pharyngitis Symptoms are quite varied, but the majority of patients noted discomfort in swallowing.It may be dry, burning sensation of tickling, tickling, feeling no dexterity in swallowing saliva, foreign body sensation.Can bother weakness, recurrent or persistent headache, slight fever.When pharyngitis may increase submandibular and occipital lymph nodes, sometimes painful when pressed.When symptoms of nasal and ear pain should seek immediate medical practitioner or ENT doctor.These symptoms indicate infection moving from the throat to the middle ear region, which can lead to inflammation in the area, and hearing loss.
The same symptoms can occur during the catarrhal or purulent tonsillitis, the main difference is that in these diseases is more pronounced pain syndrome, and a sharp rise in temperature to 39 ° C.In rare cases it may be a combination of these two diseases.It is often confused pharyngitis in children with acute infectious diseases such as measles and scarlet fever.In some cases, a dangerous infectious disease diphtheria masked the symptoms of pharyngitis and can not be taken seriously.For diphtheria, characteristically difficult to shoot a film of white or grayish-white plaque.
Diphtheria raids on the rear wall and tonsils.
Some systemic diseases and neurological disorders may mask the symptoms of pharyngitis, therefore, self-diagnosis and self-medication can lead to serious consequences.You may need additional counseling specialists for further diagnosis.
Diagnosis is simple enough to see a doctor, you will be made inspection of the oral cavity with a possible fence separated for further diagnosis of the pathogen.The back wall of the pharynx, seen to be swollen, bright red, with enlarged follicles of lymphoid tissue.
hyperemia and edema of the posterior pharyngeal wall
also need to pass a common blood and urine tests to determine the severity of the inflammatory reaction, and as a diagnostic comorbidities.
treatment of pharyngitis.
treatment systems aimed at reducing local symptoms of the disease and the impact on the underlying cause, supporting pharyngitis.The main objective of the treatment of pharyngitis - to stop unpleasant sensations.The treatment will involve anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiseptic and anti-bacterial drugs.
For topical treatment of patients with both acute and chronic pharyngitis, used means to facilitate wetting the mucous membrane of the posterior pharyngeal wall, removal of sensations, which can be seen as paresthesia (sensation of tickling in the throat, the presence of a foreign body, and so on. D.).From folk treatments may be suitable for a long gargling infusion of sage, chamomile, calendula or yarrow, lubrication of the rear wall of the pharynx with a mixture of glycerin and peach oil.
When infectious nature pharyngitis shown spraying aerosols oral pharynx.Typically, tablets and lozenges have low activity, they are administered in mild forms of the disease.
Sore throat in the first place indicates the activity of pathogenic microorganisms, which help destroy the mucous nasal irrigation procedure preparation with antibacterial activity.Such means may be Bioparox spray containing a naturally occurring antibiotic fusafungine reducing inflammation and accelerating the healing process.The drug stops the proliferation of harmful bacteria and not harm the normal flora.
When allergic pharyngitis use antihistamines.
In the treatment of acute pharyngitis use immunomodulators which stimulate the body's own resources to combat the disease.
When chronic pharyngitis treatment begins with readjustment of foci of chronic infections of the upper respiratory tract and oral cavity.With the ineffectiveness of possible surgical rehabilitation strictly on the testimony.In hypertrophic forms portions hypertrophy (hyperplasia) need to burn, use cryotherapy, laser coagulation.
When atrophic pharyngitis treatment largely symptomatic, aimed at dryness, pain in the throat.For this purpose, use of 1% Lugol solution, oil alkaline inhalation, rinsing with alkaline solutions.Inside designate vitamin A, iodine preparations.Given the fact that the cause of development of chronic pharyngitis may be hormonal endocrine disorders, diseases of the cardiovascular system, lungs, kidney failure, may require the participation of experts in the respective treatment.
further rehabilitation and treatment of chronic non-acute: shows climatic treatment (seaside and mountain areas).
Complications of pharyngitis
Complications can be divided into local, near and at a distance, and general.From local complications in the neighborhood most frequent angina (purulent), peritonsillar or retropharyngeal abscess, acute otitis media (inflammation of the inner ear), laryngeal edema, cellulitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, chronic bronchitis.In more rare cases, the affected salivary gland develops cervical lymphadenitis.
Complications at a distance should include autoimmune diseases, which arise as a consequence of sensitization of the organism.One of the most dangerous are rheumatism and glomerulonephritis.Rheumatism leads to the defeat of the heart valves and development defects, and later to chronic heart failure.Glomerulonephritis can cause chronic kidney disease.All this is largely worsen the quality of life and can lead to death.Very often complications occur in children, in their soil pharyngitis and tonsillitis may occur concomitant false Krupp manifesting respiratory suffocation and spasms of the larynx muscles.
Feeding habits and prevention of relapse in pharyngitis.
inflammatory process, which for a long time, there is in the cavity of the throat, draining its protective function, so proper nutrition - the key to successful treatment and further prevention of various diseases.Dining with pharyngitis should be small portions fractionally, the food should be well treated thermally.To prevent further damage, and so inflamed mucosa should be excluded:
• Rough, poorly digested food.
• Sharp, salted, smoked foods.
• Cold foods (ice cream, soft drinks).
Foods rich in vegetable fats and vitamins (A, B12, B6, and C) can help quickly recover.As a precaution necessary during the period of raising the level of general morbidity SARS avoid places with large concentrations of people.Perform preventive vaccination, timely sanitize lesions of the oral cavity infections (dental caries, tonsillitis).
therapists Zhumagazy EN