Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( COPD ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
diagnosis of "chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)," appeared in otchestvennoy medicine is relatively recent (since the 90s of the last century), which was the result of close contacts with the European Medical School.But such patients very much.The prevalence of the risk factors of the disease, such as smoking, has led to the fact that from 5 to 10 people out of a hundred (and according to some data, and more) to suffer this pathology.This article highlights the modern principles of diagnosis and treatment of disease, as well as methods of its prevention.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD for short) - a disease characterized by irreversible or partially reversible, progressive obstruction (terrain violation) of the bronchi.Pathology is the result of an inflammatory response that develops after contact with aggressive substances (gases, aerosols, particles, etc.)
Thus, in determining highlighted the main features of the disease:
1) a chronic and, unfortunately, progr
2) bronhobstruktsii development and as a consequence of dyspnea on exertion.
3) The cause of the disease is prolonged exposure to corrosive gases and particles.And as long as the cause is not to get rid of - the effect of the therapy will be minimal.
diagnosis of COPD sometimes hides under the terms chronic bronchitis smoker (although this name is not officially exist), or chronic obstructive bronchitis.
lungs in COPD and normal
COPD is viewed as a disease of the second half of life.The usual age of the patients - over 40 years.Men suffer more often.The disease is more common in socially advantaged countries where a large percentage of the smoking population.
Main COPD risk factors: smoking and / or exposure to industrial dust.The disease usually develops as a result of long-term, over the years, the impact of the above factors.The disease develops more rapidly, the higher the load on the lungs.
There are studies that indicate the presence of a genetic predisposition to the disease.
In addition, the development of the disease may contribute to inadequate nutrition, frequent upper respiratory tract infection.
a result of these effects develops a chronic inflammation of the bronchial walls, which in turn leads to howl to a narrowing of the lumen.Violation of the bronchial tree patency creates favorable conditions for the breeding of infection, which also aggravates the course of disease.
develop chronic hypoxia (oxygen starvation) of the body, which leads to disruption of the functioning of all organs and systems.The first suffers heart (the so-called developing pulmonary heart).These abuses violate even more the respiratory system.Is developing a kind of vicious circle.
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