Meningoencephalitis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Nerve Disease

encephalitis - a brain inflammation.
Meningitis - an inflammation of the meninges.
If these two processes occur at the same time, talk about meningoencephalitis.

reasons

meningoencephalitis Encephalitis - polietiologic disease may be infectious, infectious-allergic, toxic nature.

  • Primary encephalitis - viral - arbovirus, tick, mosquito, enterovirus, herpes, influenza, at a furious epidemic;microbial and rickettsial - with neurosyphilis, typhus.
  • Secondary encephalitis - measles, rubella, varicella, post-vaccination, microbial - stafillokokkovye, meningococcal, streptococcal, tuberculosis, malaria, toxoplasmosis.
  • Encephalitis can be caused by a demyelinating process.
  • Acute mumps meningoencephalitis.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the paranasal sinuses may be complicated by meningoencephalitis.

Meningoencephalitis - severe disease of the brain and meninges.It may be a complication of encephalitis and meningitis.In any case, such a complication is a serious pathology, aggravates the course of disea

se, has a poor prognosis with possible fatal residual neurological deficit.Intensity of residual effects depends on the degree of damage to the central nervous system.

symptoms of meningoencephalitis

Meningoencephalitis may be a manifestation of a general septic process.Increase the weight of the patient's condition, there is a high fever, intense headache, impaired consciousness - confusion, agitation, delirium, stupor, vomiting, possible convulsions (often in childhood).There are signs of meningeal - Kernig, Brudzinskogo, stiff neck, photophobia, hypersensitivity.By meningeal symptoms join the symptoms of brain damage - cranial nerves, anizorefleksiya, hemiparesis, impaired coordination, disorders of higher nervous activity - mental disabilities, aphasic disorders, apraxia, alexia, ... depending on the affected areas - frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital,most cortical departments.Meningoencephalitis may be complicated by brain abscess, cerebellar.

Meningococcal encephalomyelitis in a child

Heavy flows flu-like hemorrhagic meningoencephalitis .Fever, chills, impairment of consciousness up to coma, often seizures.By meningeal symptoms are added a variety of focal symptoms of brain damage.It is a complication of the flu.

Herpetic meningoencephalitis can be serous or hemorrhagic.It is a complication of herpes infection.

Dvuvolnovoy viral meningoencephalitis - called one of the strains of tick-borne encephalitis virus filtering.You can become infected via the milk of infected animals that carry disease - ticks.There is a spring-summer season.Start acute, fever, chills, headache, vomiting, myalgia, sleep disorders, meningeal signs.After 5-7 days the temperature normalized, and after 10 days of developing a second wave and meningeal symptoms added neurological symptoms of CNS - pyramidal, cerebellar, autonomic disorders.The current favorable focal symptoms of the disease regresses.Long preserved asthenia.

Toxoplasmosis - a disease caused by protozoa and affects the nervous system and internal organs.Pathological pattern of damage to the central nervous system corresponds to the sero-productive leptomeningitu.Detected expansion of the ventricles, hydrocephalus, scattered throughout the brain granulomas containing parasites, some already obyzvestvleny.Symptoms of Toxoplasma entsefalomeningita - cerebral and meningeal symptoms, paresis and paralysis of limbs, convulsions, double vision, loss of coordination, varying degrees of impaired consciousness.These disorders are manifested in the background infektsionnoo defeat - nedomaganiya, muscle and joint aches, fever, chills, increased lymph nodes, generalized maculopapular rash, possible damage to the liver, heart and kidneys.The patient's condition serious, treatment of infectious hospital.In the diagnosis of help computer studies, serological tests.In congenital toxoplasmosis affected brain petrifikaty formed in the course of blood vessels, the brain affects the shell - the central paralysis, seizures, mental retardation and visual organ.

very rare disease - amoebic meningoencephalitis - severe fulminant course with a very high mortality rate.Infection occurs in freshwater amoeba warm water sources.The incubation period is from 1 to 14 days.

Brucellosis meningoencephalitis is characterized by lesions of the pia mater, the formation of granulomas brucellosis, prolonged course with paresis and paralysis, mental disorders.The disease is very severe, the patient needs to be hospitalized in a specialized department - infection, intensive care for neurological rehabilitation period.Diagnosis of the individual - binding assays, biochemical, serologic, imaging of the brain, lumbar puncture ...

meningoencephalitis

Treatment Treatment is similar to treatment of encephalitis and meningitis.In the acute phase - antibiotics, hormones, symptomatic treatment - individually.

Reobilitatsiya after meningoencephalitis

During rehabilitation, depending on the residual effects - using neuroprotective agents, antioxidants, improving blood circulation and microcirculation, vitamins B and E, venotoniki, anticholinesterase drugs, sedatives, anticonvulsants, physiotherapy, reflexology ... Patientendured neuroinfection - observed at the neurologist is on the dispensary and get personalized recommendations.Perhaps, and spa treatment.

neurologist Kobzev SV

September 23, 2012 is from meningoencephalitis 65 th year of life died the former Russian defense minister Pavel Grachev.Pavel Grachev was hospitalized September 12 in serious condition and died on 23 September, not smotorya the efforts of doctors.This once again confirms the seriousness of the disease.