Ichthyosis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

Ichthyosis - a disease with hereditary predisposition characterized by disturbance of keratinization of the skin.There are 2 forms of ichthyosis - normal, and X-linked.

symptoms of ichthyosis

Ordinary ichthyosis inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.It developed before the first year of life.Among men and women ichthyosis occurs equally often.The disease is characterized by dryness and peeling of the skin, most pronounced in the limbs straightening tive surface.The folds are usually not amazed.There dryness of the palms and soles, with exaggerated, enhanced design and recessed grooves, which gives them a senile appearance.Nails are not involved in the process and remain neizmennymi.U many atoms there are signs of FDI (increased tendency to allergies).With age, the disease is somewhat improved.

X-linked recessive ichthyosis is inherited, hence the disease only occurs in boys.Unlike ordinary ichthyosis can exist from birth, larger scales, brownish color;affected folds, neck, rear stop, but there

are no changes on the palms and soles;the process is more pronounced on the flexor surface of the finite and the abdomen;It can be a significant scaling on the scalp.Often there is a clouding of the cornea, as well as hypogonadism (hypoplasia of the genital organs and secondary sex characteristics due to reduced secretion of sex hormones.) Cryptorchidism (absence of a scrotum (monorchism) or both testicles, which is due to the delay of embryo development.).

Treatment and prevention of ichthyosis

primary means of treatment of ichthyosis is a common vitamin A administered at high doses, for 2-3 months, repeated cycles (2-3 times a year), tigazon.Recom mended the combination of vitamin A acetate, tocopherol (especially Aevitum).Derogation people appointed obscheukreplya guide means (iron preparations, phytin, etc..), Y-globulin, anaboliticheskie steroids (retabolil).Displaying the appointment of vitamin B12.Recommended tireoidin, it is given a 5-day cycles with 2-3 day intervals during the month.Useful

frequent warm (38 ... 39 ° C) bath, preferably with the addition of baking soda (50-100 g), milk (0.5 L), olive oil (1-2 tablespoons), sodium chloride (100-200 g).After that, be sure to lubricate the skin moisturizing and nourishing ointments (creams), cream with vitamins, for example.Radevit, f-99;lotions containing salicylic acid 0.5-2% (due to the risk of the ointment INTOX cation can not be applied to large areas of the body, especially in children), the cream with 5-10% urea;ultraviolet irradiation.