Shingles ( herpes zoster ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Let's talk about another understudied disease such as herpes zoster.Another fashionable to call it the Latin name nerpes zoster (herpes zoster).It occurs widely, with the same frequency in both men and women.Particularly susceptible to shingles are older than 50 years, but this is not to say that herpes zoster is not found and the young.
Causes of shingles
All probably remember, and many suffered from childhood infections such as chickenpox or "chicken pox".It called it the same virus Varicella zoster, and that the shingles.After successful recovery, he hides in the cells of the spinal cord, and can not express themselves in any way.But due to precipitating factors that reduce immunity, the virus "rears its head."
These factors are hypothermia, chronic diseases, respiratory diseases, HIV, chemotherapy ... and man is faced with shingles.
Symptoms of shingles
Most often suffer from the intercostal and the trigeminal nerve (the nerve inerviruyuschy eye orbit, the upper and lower jaw), but may be inv
disease consists of several periods:
1) prodromal period - this is when there is severe pain along the nerve.All this is often accompanied by a deterioration of general condition, temperature.This lasts a period of from 1 to 5 days.
2) The period of eruption - the emergence of bubbles with clear content.This is the content can be black or mixed with blood (for a more severe form of gangrenous zoster).
Symptoms of shingles on
skin At congenial place to eruptions formed a crust.The process is allowed after 2 - 3 weeks.I would like to note that the bubbles can not be, then there is only one manifestation of the neurological syndrome (nerve pain itself) without lesions - herpetic neuralgia, and is often mistaken for low back pain, intercostal neuralgia, heart pain.Therefore assigned the wrong medication.
particularly difficult runs eye shape and ear shape shingles, when he struck the trigeminal nerve, a branch of which innervate the sensory organs.Rashes appear on the eyelids, conjunctiva, ear, ear canal.All this ends with the defeat of these bodies in varying degrees.
diagnosis of herpes zoster
Differintsialnaya diagnosis is carried out with contact dermatitis, impetigo, herpes bubble period.
diagnosis is often exposed on the basis of the clinical picture.Sometimes the doctor may take tissue research sites and their contents. sure to donate blood for HIV , since the shingles may be the only marker for this disease.
Treatment of shingles
course and outcome of herpes zoster most directly depends on how the time you went to a doctor and began treatment.The treatment of herpes zoster are engaged jointly and severally dermatologists, ophthalmologists (eye shape), internists, neurologists.
After the diagnosis the doctor put you immediately go to the drugstore and start treatment !!!In the treatment necessarily used antiviral drugs in pill form (acyclovir, valacyclovir), ointments (gerpferon), immunomodulators (tsikloferon, Genferon), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nemisil), aniline dyes in the bubbles (brilliant green solution), physiotherapy (quartz), vitamin.
During treatment given to sick leave, banned bathing, drinking.It is recommended to eat more foods rich in vitamin C (lemon, orange, cranberry).
Folk remedies are taken to the main treatment.They usually have the properties of analgesia and improve immunity.This, for example, a decoction of peppermint, cranberry juice, broth buckwheat.Remember, a breakthrough in the treatment of herpes zoster was made only after the acyclovir appeared.For which, incidentally, the author received the Nobel Prize.Prior to that, there were no known no means killing the herpes virus.
prevention of herpes zoster
To prevent relapses, I recommend 2 times a year take courses immunotherapy cycloferon 10 injections or intramuscular IFN - lipintom, which is taken orally.
Complications of shingles
The most common complication of herpes zoster is intercostal neuralgia.When I tell you about it in front of me is a patient of 67 years, who later went to the doctor and to self-medicate.The slightest movement caused her severe pain, seemingly she was exhausted.Treatment of me and the good neurologists little helped her as intercostal nerves were damaged.So do not be afraid to once again to disturb the doctors.
other complications is the spread of infection - meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the membranes and brain tissue), which leads to paralysis or disability.
not forget that rash can join and secondary infection (weakened immunity) with the advent of pyoderma and facing consequences.
prevention of herpes zoster
prevention is a healthy lifestyle, tempering, treatment of chronic diseases.
Q: The virus herpes zoster virus is the same as the infectious varicella?
Answer: No.Approximately 30 times less.
Q: Can you get through the water in the pool?
Answer: Such cases are not described.Since the external environment is unstable virus.
Question: Is it possible to completely get rid of this virus?
Answer: At the present stage of medicine - not.But to reduce its quantity, make it quite capable - is yes.
Dermatologist A. Mansurov