Sunburn ( photodermatitis ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

Sunburn - is damage to the skin caused by excessive exposure to sunlight on it.All the sun's rays are divided into visible and invisible.Main damaging effect on human skin have invisible rays.Depending on its length, the rays have different effects on the intensity of the human skin.The most carcinogenic so-called UVB rays.It is they who are responsible for the defeat of the papillary dermis, and the appearance of redness.In excessive exposure to ultraviolet light special skin cells, melanocytes, are beginning to synthesize melanin, which protects the skin from burns.The result of the accumulation of melanin in the skin is tan.It is logical that its saturation depends on the amount of melanin by melanocytes generated.

must be remembered that there are many substances that are for external use or ingestion may increase the skin's sensitivity to sunlight.This so-called photosensitizers.In the annotations to the drugs this side effect necessarily marked.Thus the effect of the gel have "Baziron" corticoste

roid external means, the capsule "Doxycycline" or other drugs of the tetracycline group, often used for the stabilization of a skin process.Often, this reaction have plants with human skin interaction with the juice which appears the so-called fotofitodermatit.

Photo sunburn symptoms: redness

most often burns from exposure to ultraviolet rays appear redness and soreness of the skin and may appear bubbles, grouped blisters with serous content.Generally, these symptoms occur on areas of the body not protected by clothing.In case of burn surface with a peculiar pattern is necessary to eliminate additional pathological effects exerted on the skin external agent.Also a kind of picture of skin damage caused by the juices of herbs of various plants.In this case, leaf burn surface reflects the pattern of these plants.

Photos symptoms of sunburn: redness and blisters

When the skin of the hands and face blisters, erosions, superficial ulcers under the influence of the rays UV and minor injuries should consult a doctor to rule out late cutaneous porphyria, which is a result of deficiencyPP vitamin.The disease at which the porphyrins, accumulating in the skin due to improper metabolism in the liver are photosensitizers.Urinalysis helps in the diagnosis of this disease.In these patients, the urine is pink-red color due to the large amount of it uroporphyrin.

Preventing sunburn

Principles of treatment of sunburn are reduced to a long time and all the known rules.It is necessary to avoid exposure to the sun's rays on the damaged skin.It is not enough just to cover the burnt skin clothing.You must know that synthetic fabric passes up to 15% and natural cotton and 6% of ultraviolet rays.When wet clothes need to add another 20% of rays that impact the skin under the cloth to protect her.

known that under the influence of sunlight on the human skin tissue damage occurs and the formation of large amounts of free radicals.For the antioxidant effect (neutralizing free radicals) illuminates a person must use a large amount of green tea or pomegranate juice.With the same purpose in the diet is recommended to give preference to vegetables, fruits, legumes and nuts.

Treatment

sunburn case of violation of general condition and chills are appointed by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (paracetamol, ibuprofen).You can take aspirin and a drug from the group of salicylates.

Bubbles with lots of exudate must be opened with all aseptic rules, for which it is recommended to consult a doctor.

Folk remedies for sunburn

in treating sunburns can use folk remedies.If reddening of the skin can be used wet-drying bandage with a decoction of herbs.Most suitable for this purpose are: oak bark, chamomile, succession, celandine, cooked according to the instructions for the external use.In broth of herbs room temperature moistened gauze cloth, folded in 6-8 layers, and for 15 minutes covered the damaged part of the skin.The procedure is repeated for one and a half hours, followed by 3 hours rest from the procedure, during which the victim is necessary to saturate the skin moisturizer.Thus wet-drying bandage during the day are performed 2-3 times, until the disappearance of symptoms of acute inflammation.

Moisturizers are used to restore the hydro-lipid film may be of the following dermatological lines: "Uriage", "Avenue", "Bioderma."These are:. "Ksemoz", "Trikzera" etc.

on erosion can be applied "olazol", "Dermazin" and other means, successfully used for the treatment of burn surfaces..

From folk remedies you can use the used tea bags on the eyelids burned.The effect of this procedure resembles the positive impact of wet-drying bandage.

sheets to reduce friction with the damaged surface can be used talc, poured on the sheets.

recommended to create an elevated position for the burnt legs.

skin, restores after sunburn, very sensitive to the effects of irritants.When flaking, maximize actively applied to such skin moisturizers.This skin will continue to be protected from excessive exposure to irritants and sun rays in the first place.Another burn in this place there much faster.

Pictured peeling skin sunburn

cream to protect against sunburn

To protect the skin, previously affected by the sun's rays, it is necessary to use cosmetics with SPF.This cream must contain SPF (Sun Protect Factor) by ultraviolet radiation type B and UVA (type A rays).SPF factor occurring in creams can be from 5 to 70. Often in such a cream is added Vitamin E, which makes skin more resistant to UV light.

buying a cream to protect from the sun, it is necessary to evaluate the characteristics of their skin to the sun.For example, people with white skin almost instantly burned down (redheads and blondes with fair skin and blue eyes) must use a cream with maximum protection (SPF70, UVA 16).If this type of skin brown eyes, after receiving the first persistent sunburn protection level can be reduced to a cream SPF 20. People who do not usually have problems in fire, with SPF cream must be used between 6 and 15, since these do not only protect cream, but also soften the skin.

properly selected cream should be applied to the body in advance, not on the beach.The first step is to protect the protruding part of the body: the nose, chest, shoulders.The cream should be applied a thin layer without rubbing.Even if the cream is waterproof, after bathing it is necessary to apply again, because after towel drying of the skin layer of the protective film is reduced.

Even with cream c maximum protection factor for sunbathers rules should not be changed.Direct sunlight is recommended to be only in the morning and evening.And of course, always use sunglasses.Their primary task is to protect the thin and delicate skin around the eye and the retina.

Konsulttsiya dermatologist on sunburn:

1. Why the skin when exposed to sunlight at first blush?
Redness of the skin - this is a manifestation of melanin, not had time to go through a certain stage oxidation due to excessive exposure to UV rays on the skin.

2. Can we talk only about the negative effects of ultraviolet radiation on the skin?
moderate amount of UV required for synthesis of vitamin D. Human It is necessary for the regulation of phosphorus uptake, calcium, as well as for wound healing and strengthening of the musculoskeletal framework.It is known that in order to maintain the required amount of vitamin D in the human body is enough to substitute in the summer sun face and hands for 5-10 minutes 2-3 times a week.

3. In what diseases using ultraviolet rays in therapeutic doses?
Atopic dermatitis, acne, eczema, winter form of psoriasis have a more stable remission on ultraviolet background in suberythermal doses.

4. Is it true that a tan produced in the sun deck protects against the emergence of sunburn while on holiday, held on the beach?
No.This tan tantamount to application of cosmetics with a low sun protection factor (SPF 2-3).Besides significantly shown that ultraviolet tanning has carcinogenic high (provoke skin cancer).

5. Why is UV protection?
known that UVB rays are not only trigger the formation of melanin in the skin leads to its aging, but dangerous as the stimulation of the skin most cancers.Risk of melanoma formation under the influence of UVA rays also known in medical fact.

6. How to apply sunscreen?
cream is applied evenly in a 1-2 mm, not rub, their effectiveness decreases when rubbed sunscreen.This is because the protective effect provided white foam that forms on the skin.It does not allow to form free radicals on the skin as a result of exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays of type A (UVA).

7. Is it true that the use of tanning oils in reducing the risk of burns?
Yes, and also the use of walnut oil or peach protect the skin from drying.But at the same time it must be remembered that in some essential oils contain ingredients (bergamot, citrus), enhancing sensitivity of the skin and promote the appearance photodermatitis.

8. Is it true that the UV increase the body's resistance to colds?
Yes.It is known that under the influence of UV enhanced amounts of antibodies in the blood, and thus increases resistance to bacterial and viral infections.But as you know, "Luchshee- enemy of the good."The uncontrolled and excessive use of UVR causes a decrease in immunity and increases the risk of colds.

9. whether ultraviolet elderly Useful?
Yes.A moderate amount of sunlight and helps with rheumatic osteohondroznyh symptoms, as well as strengthening the musculoskeletal framework.

10. This is especially not recommended to be exposed to direct sunlight?
This primarily applies to people with lots of moles and pigmented spots.In pregnant women, from excessive UVR may appear hloazm- giperpigmentnyh spots on the face.People with inflammatory diseases of the skin should not be subjected to the effects of its UFO.And of course, children up to 3 years, ex-best protect the skin from sunlight active.

11. How effectively smearing reddened skin cream and yogurt?
If at hand only yogurt and sour cream, then reddened skin without blisters, can be lubricated by these means.This will bring little relief, though not for a long time.Reduce pain, burning.In conjunction with the skin scales from the kefir will begin to form a dense crust, which will bring additional discomfort.This cake is washed off with difficulty from the skin.Therefore, "reinvent the wheel" is not necessary.Try to use all of the products for their intended purpose.In the case of sunburn, give preference to the finished medicinal product intended for the recovery of the skin.

Dermatologist Tatiana Kuklin