Arthritis and osteoarthritis ( joint disease ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Musculoskeletal System.

Arthritis

Arthritis called joint inflammation (called "arthritis" is derived from the Greek word arthron, which means "joint").Arthritis can be a traumatic, infectious and dystrophic origin.

one defeat (arthritis) or more joints (arthritis) can be a symptom of other diseases.Arthritis often occurs when repeated lung injuries, open or closed joint damage.Arthritis can develop with frequent physical overexertion and exposure.Various infections (such as intestinal or urinary) can also cause arthritis called reactive.Occurs and rheumatoid arthritis, in which there is a progressive inflammation of multiple joints (usually small), the symmetrical limbs affected.Often this affects older people.The cause of arthritis can also be a metabolic disorder, which is deteriorating as a result of food joints.

Arthritis, in its various forms may be characterized by different combinations of features.Typically, arthritis causes the swelling of the affected joints.In the initial stages of the disease pain may occur b

oth in movement and physical activity, and at certain times of day (eg, at night or in the form of morning stiffness).If the arthritis becomes chronic, the pain may become constant.In addition, the inflamed joint usually becomes red, swollen, and even deformed, broken his job, with severe cases of arthritis - to complete immobility.

Types of Arthritis

Depending on the nature of the defeat of the main types of arthritis are combined into two classes: inflammatory arthritis and degenerative arthritis.

to inflammatory arthritis include:


infectious arthritis rheumatoid arthritis, gout

reactive arthritis

They are associated with inflammation of the synovial membrane - a thin film of connective tissue that lines the inside of the joint.

to degenerative arthritis include:


osteoarthritis traumatic arthritis

These diseases are associated with damage to the articular cartilage covering the ends of bones in a place of their articulation.

reasons

arthritis causes of arthritis: bacterial, viral or fungal infection, trauma, allergies, metabolic disorders, diseases of nervous system, lack of vitamins.Typically, the penetration of infection in the joints is through the bloodstream from another part of the body, it can occur in trauma, surgery.

symptoms of arthritis

for arthritis is characterized by joint pain, especially when driving, often have limitations of its mobility, swelling, change in shape, sometimes the skin over the joint is red and poyavyaletsya fever.Symptoms of infectious arthritis, are redness, swelling, pain sensation when pressed, often have systemic symptoms of infection - fever, chills, body aches.There are single joint arthritis (monoarthritis) and many (polyarthritis).Arthritis can start immediately and be accompanied by severe pain in the joints (acute arthritis) or develop gradually (chronic arthritis).Arthritis can occur suddenly or develop gradually.Some people have an acute or dull aching pain.This pain is comparable with a toothache.The movement in this joint is usually broken, but sometimes there is stiffness.

Arthritis

Treatment of arthritis depend on the form of the disease.First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the root cause (excessive exercise, poor diet, alcohol abuse).Arthritis Treatment involves antibiotics, are also used nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs administered intra-articularly.By the treatment of arthritis, experts also focus on physiotherapy and medical gymnastics required to maintain joint mobility and preservation of muscle mass.

Osteoarthritis

What is the difference osteoarthritis arthritis?

Osteoarthritis (from the Greek arthron -. Joint), a chronic disease of the joints exchange character, accompanied by changes in the mating surfaces of the bones.A more correct name of osteoarthritis - Osteoarthritis.The main symptoms of osteoarthritis: severe pain in the joints, decreased joint mobility.there immobility of joints in the case of neglect of osteoarthritis.The main difference between osteoarthritis arthritis: arthrosis main destructive activities performed not inflammatory and degenerative processes in the articular cartilage.Osteoarthritis - not an inflammatory disease, and therefore has nothing to do with arthritis or chronic arthritis, in which inflammation of the joint is based on a jet pathological changes of joint fluid.The same can be said of acute arthritis - inflammation of the joints caused by different infectious agents.Typical symptoms of osteoarthritis - pain with exertion, remitting alone, limited mobility and a crunch in joints, muscle tension in the joint may periodic appearance of swelling, gradual deformation of the joint.

Unlike arthritis, arthrosis - a disease of the joints, accompanied by the destruction of cartilage and inflammation occurs later and may not be permanent.

Osteoarthritis causes pathological changes of articular tissues, and cause of the disease is still not fully understood.Osteoarthritis develops under the influence of different genetic (osteoarthritis often affects women, and people with congenital diseases of bones and joints) and acquired (old age, excess weight, surgeries on joints) factors.Osteoarthritis may result in excessive loads on joints or injury.To distinguish primary and secondary osteoarthritis.Primary osteoarthritis - the result of violations of the processes of regeneration of cartilage cells, which can occur due to poor blood circulation and nutrition of the joint tissues.It is considered a secondary arthrosis develops into an affected joint, but a clear distinction between these two forms is difficult.

the initial stages of arthritis manifests itself in the form of discomfort, and the rustling of flexion of the joints.When arthritis begins to progress, there is pain on movement, physical exertion, increasing towards the end of the day (at night it usually subsides, and a person suffering from osteoarthritis, may for a long time not to pay attention to the disease).In the later stages of osteoarthritis is completely broken joint mobility and pain hurts more and more human.Osteoarthritis is very dangerous, and if degenerative tissue changes have gone too far, the doctor will not be able to restore the joint.Usually, it is possible only to slow down the progression of the disease, reduce inflammation (due to the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and reduce pain.To arthrosis did not lead to disability, the patient should try to reduce the load on the affected joint, and get rid of excess weight, which is facilitated by physical therapy and physiotherapy.In severe Osteoarthritis may require surgical intervention.Classification of arthritis

Primary arthrosis - approximately 40-50% of all cases of osteoarthritis disease.In this case, the disease occurs in the previously healthy joint, and its cause - no damage to the joint, and, for example, heavy physical work.
Secondary arthrosis - approximately 50-60% of cases.In this case, the joint affected by arthrosis, was deformed even before the disease - such as resulting from trauma.

Osteoarthritis suffers from 10 to 15% of the population.With age, the risk of osteoarthritis increases significantly.Often the symptoms of osteoarthritis are detected as early as 30-40 years.27% of people over age 50, suffer from osteoarthritis.And after 60 years, this disease affects almost everything.The incidence of osteoarthritis is the same among men and women.The exception is arthritis interphalangeal joints - this type of osteoarthritis is the most common in women.

causes and nature of the disease may be different.Osteoarthritis may develop rheumatic soil.This includes people with chronic rheumatism.Diseases sometimes occur integer "sets": arthrosis is accompanied by rheumatism, varicose veins with thrombosis, vascular sclerosis, stroke, etc.Everything in the body is interconnected.Osteoarthritis may turn out to be an autoimmune disease.This means that the immune system, whose purpose - to protect you from viruses and bacteria that suddenly starts to attack healthy cells.The mystery of why the body begins to attack itself, has not yet been disclosed.

Yet, most often a sign of arthrosis rheumatoid arthritis, and is the destructive changes in the cartilage and bone that occur with age as a result of natural aging.Eloquent and statistics.After reaching 60-70 years of disease osteoarthritis is diagnosed in 60-70% of people.The word "arthritis" Arthritis and phonetically similar only, but the reasons are completely different and, respectively, and treatment as well.When you highlight the differences arthrosis and arthritis, it is important to understand the different direction that is destructive and deforming process.If you have arthritis, the disturbed metabolism in the joint loses its elasticity, the cartilage becomes thinner and every movement causes pain.If you have arthritis, your immune system took up arms against the joint, your body is working against its tissues and it causes inflammation, pain, and changes in, wearing a deforming character.Understanding this is important because it determines the treatment.While arthritis are suppressed autoimmune processes, mechanical recovery of the joint - the main target for the treatment of patients with osteoarthritis.

first strike take on the knee joints, joints, elbows, hands.Thus, osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common.Over time there is a deforming arthritis, the joints begin to deform due to the curvature of the affected areas can take bizarre shape.There are, in particular, terms such as "whiplash", "Button attaching loop."If deforming arthrosis in humans and struck her fingers, then apparently they are getting shorter.

deforming arthritis is a disease of our time, it led us to a sedentary lifestyle.Nature we are destined to live differently, but to automate the process, people "earned" a lot of sores that people pay for all the benefits received.Deforming arthrosis affects tend to support the joints.Osteoarthritis of the knee explain, because his feature unlike other joints to high loads that it carries.Nature did not bother too much about nutrition these overworked people.And because of their own vessels in the cartilage of the knee joint not, as a result of aging or under the effect of infection or injury, it may atrophy.

What joints are affected with osteoarthritis?

most common joint disease osteoarthritis of the lower half of the body (hip, knee, first metatarsophalangeal).The most commonly affected in osteoarthritis knee (gonarthrosis) and hip (coxarthrosis) joints.One of the earliest symptoms of osteoarthritis is pain in the knee joints.In early disease alone, it is virtually absent, but when there is load on the joint.When the knee arthrosis can be useful massage the lower limbs, but should avoid the direct impact on the affected joint, as it can increase it in the inflammatory response.

the hands of the disease osteoarthritis often exposed joints phalanges.Osteoarthritis usually occurs first on one joint, and then at the second - the first symmetric.Osteoarthritis of the spine

Ankylosing spondylarthritis (Bekhterev's disease) leads to restriction of spinal motor abilities - because of the connection, ie,fusion, some of the joints.The results of X-ray examination reveals that the spine is affected by arthrosis, like a bamboo stick.

There are five forms of osteoarthritis of the spine:

Central - arthrosis is subject only to the spine osteoarthritis
defeat not only the spine but also the shoulder or tazobredrennyh joints.
Peripheral - arthrosis subject to the spine and peripheral joints
Scandinavian - damage occurs osteoarthritis occurs in the spine and small joints of the hands and feet
Ankylosing Spondylitis with extra-articular manifestations: eye disease, cardiovascular system, kidneys, lungs in the form of fibrosis.

rank how arthrosis injured spine, or rather, as he has limited mobility, made the following tests:

necessary to tilt the body forward at the maximum rasstoyaniyanie without bending the knees at the same time.Distance from the floor in the absence of osteoarthritis within 5 millimeters.
necessary to stand with his back to the wall and pressed it to her heels, buttocks and back of the head.Most often, patients arthrosis can not touch the head.
necessary to stand up straight without bending the spine, and then try to get the ear the shoulder joint.

Patients with osteoarthritis may not do it.

Causes of osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis can occur as a result of intoxication, infectious diseases (such as typhoid, syphilis and others.) Also arthritis can occur when the joint trauma (fracture of the articular ends of the bones, damage to the articular cartilage), with significant functional joint overload (eg, from ballet dancers, movers, etc.).The known value is cold (for example, arthrosis of the workers of hot shops).

Symptoms of osteoarthritis

disease is based on a violation of the joint power (epiphyseal) ends of bones.Due to changes in permeability or vascular damage feed bone avascular necrosis occur, aggravating the injury in the joint.Thus., Arthritis is a progressive character.Initially, painful changes appear in the interior (the so-called synovial..) Casing the joint capsule, and then they capture the cartilage that covers the articular surfaces of bones articulated;the cartilage is gradually destroyed, exposing the bone;bone sometimes rarefied, sometimes compacted, formed bony growths shipoobraznye - the picture of deforming arthrosis.Most developing osteoarthritis in the hip, knee and first metatarsus-phalangeal joints.Usually people suffer from osteoarthritis of middle and old age.Osteoarthritis is manifested by pain, which appear gradually, there periodically aggravated after the sudden physical exertion or, on the contrary, after a long standstill.Due to the limited mobility of pain in the joint.Osteoarthritis is accompanied by inflammation of the tissues surrounding the joint, and nerve trunks, joint function and suffer as a result of the protective muscle tension.

Treatment of osteoarthritis Treatment of osteoarthritis

- outpatient and sanatorium conditions.Assign painkillers, hormones (adrenocorticotropic series), physical therapy (heat treatments, ultrasound), physical therapy, massage.In severe cases - for the treatment of osteoarthritis resort to surgery (arthrodesis, arthroplasty).

When cartilage wear process has not gone too far, to help preparations containing Glucosamine, a natural substance derived from the shells of marine animals.It has a positive effect on metabolism in cartilage and improve joint mobility.

For example, on the basis of a stable crystalline form of glucosamine is designed Dona drug that not only relieves symptoms, but also slows down the progression of the disease, which significantly improves the patient's quality of life and postpone the need for joint replacement.