Osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis ) - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Musculoskeletal System.

Osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis) - dystrophic diseases of joints associated with the slow degeneration and destruction of intra-articular cartilage.Over time, there is restructuring of articular ends of bones, inflammation and degeneration of periarticular tissues.The term "arthritis" (deforming osteoarthritis) comprises a group of degenerative joint diseases, inflammatory nature, with different origins and development of similar mechanisms.

Coxarthrosis - osteoarthritis of the hip joints.
Osteoarthritis - Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Causes of arthrosis (osteoarthritis)

Primary arthrosis on the background of the age and / or biomechanical changes.Secondary occurs after a trauma, diabetes mellitus or thyroid disease due to vascular disorders, and so on. D. Promotes damaged leg joints and the development of osteoarthritis flat violating shock absorbing function of the foot.Timely application of specially selected orthopedic insoles can correct foot deformities and reduce stress on the joints.

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint diseases, their incidence increases with age.But this disease is found not only in the elderly, and that determines its social significance.

symptoms of osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis):

pain with exertion, remitting alone;
limited mobility and a crunch in the joint;
muscle tension in the joint;
may periodic appearance of swelling, gradual deformation of the joint.

Complications arthrosis (osteoarthritis)

Without proper treatment of joint arthrosis affected not only destroyed himself, but also violates the biomechanics of the spine and other joints;hence hernia of intervertebral discs and arthrosis of other joints.

Treatment of osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis)

Treatment of patients with degenerative diseases of the joints should be an early, and pathogenetic complex.The basic principles of treatment are the elimination of the causes that contribute to the development of disease, elimination of inflammatory changes and restore lost function.Integrated treatment is the use of drugs with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, conducting physical therapy, providing a vasodilator and analgesic effects in spa treatment and use of favorable climatic conditions, mineral waters and mud.

In order to suppress reactive synovitis prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.In some cases there may be intra-articular injection of corticosteroids (kenalog, hydrocortisone).

Polyvinylpyrrolidone - high-molecular compound is very stable with respect to the enzymes that cause degradation of glycosaminoglycans in articular cartilage.This tool also has a weak immunosuppressive properties.

When osteoarthritis occurs destruction of the articular cartilage with a loss of glycosaminoglycans.In this connection it is a valuable use of arteparona, the foundation of which are glycosaminoglycans.The drug is injected into the joint.

In the case of synovitis recommended prasinol.

Surgical treatment of osteoarthritis carried out according to indications in cases of severe illness, especially knee and hip joints.