Kidney Cyst - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
cyst kidney - a benign tumor, which is a rounded education cavernous, filled with clear or slightly cloudy liquid.In its origin pathology can be congenital or acquired.In addition, there is a congenital anomaly of the kidneys, at which a large number of such formations in their parenchyma.This clinical condition is called polycystic kidney disease.
kidney cyst - circuit
cause kidney cysts
As already mentioned, kidney cysts may be congenital or acquired.Depending on this, different groups are distinguished causes that may lead to the first or second type of pathology.As for congenital cyst, its causes are likely to be hiding in the human genetic apparatus as kidney cysts often have a family character and occur in several generations.Also, one can not rule out the genesis of renal cyst traumatic or infectious agents that may affect the fetus during embryonic development.
to acquire cysts most popular theory of development is considered infectious, according to which the kidney cyst develops af
Also, it is believed that renal cysts can occur on the background of congenital anomalies of the connective tissue.This clearly can not be divided, which group is similar to the pathology - to acquired or congenital.
Despite the huge number of assumptions and theories, to date, the exact causes of kidney cysts were found.This greatly complicates the treatment and prevention of this disease.
Symptoms of kidney
cyst symptoms are directly dependent on the size of tumors.At the initial stage of its development, when the cyst is small, the disease is asymptomatic.Later, when the tumor begins to put pressure on the ureter and renal pelvis, there are the first signs and symptoms of the disease.They can take the form of heaviness or aching low back pain.Typically, pain is clearly localized to one side, where actually there is a cyst.
With larger cyst can disrupt the flow of urine from the kidneys, contributing to the formation of fluid retention.This is a predisposing factor to the attachment of a secondary infection.In this case, the clinical picture of the disease accumulates fever, chills, weakness, severe pain in the lower back, which can be given to the external genitals.Along with this change observed in the urine as its turbidity.
worth noting that infection can develop not only in the kidney, but also in the cyst.This gives rise to a characteristic pattern of an abscess of the region, which is also characterized by fever and severe pain.When you break or pus inflamed cysts, symptoms of acute abdomen, which is characterized by sudden muscle tension anterior abdominal wall and pain not only in the lower back, but also throughout the abdomen.
With long-term course of the disease can develop a picture of chronic renal failure, which is characterized by an increase in the amount of urine, followed by its complete disappearance, increased blood pressure and the presence of blood in urine.
If there is at least one of the above symptoms need immediate consultation urologist, who will be able to assign the correct plan of inspection and treatment.
Diagnosing kidney cysts
In clinical kidney cysts patients produced a list of laboratory and instrumental examinations that allow to exclude or confirm the presumptive diagnosis.First, the patient holds the general blood and urine tests, which usually do not give any results.Is that when joining a secondary infection and festering cysts can be observed an increase in the number of leukocytes with a shift leukocyte left.
more informative is ultrasound of the kidneys, which is performed for all patients with disorders of the body.When ultrasound in most cases can be detected cavernous formation of buds, which is filled with the substance for echogenicity identical with the liquid.Typically, it is localized on the one hand, with the exception of those rare occasions when there is a two-way kidney cyst.
kidney cyst, ultrasound
Another modern method of diagnosis of renal cysts is a CT scan, which involves the implementation of a series of X-ray images in different sections.With this method of diagnosis is possible to identify not only the location but also the size of tumors.These details are essential when deciding on surgical intervention.
for the differential diagnosis of renal cysts with malignant tumors is performed needle biopsy followed by histological examination of tissue formation.It is performed by a special needle under the control of X-ray or ultrasound.
kidney cysts treatment
most common tactics of kidney cysts is expectant.It implies a constant dynamic control of the neoplasm.If the detected increase in cysts, it is used in the surgical treatment of such control.The latter is also used when the cyst interferes with the normal functioning of the kidneys.
volume of surgical intervention in most cases means removal of the kidney cyst together with the capsule.If the tumor is located deep in the parenchyma of the body, then remove the variant itself kidneys.In foreign clinics are widely used minimally invasive techniques, which involve the removal of the contents of the cyst through a small puncture of the skin in the lumbar region.
Besides surgery, for kidney cyst applied conservative treatment that involves the use of antibiotics and pain medication in the postoperative period.Among the antimicrobials can be used cephalosporins and penicillins.In terms of traditional anesthetics suitable analgin for intramuscular injection.
Feeding habits and way of life with a kidney cyst
When kidney cyst, regardless of the type of treatment and stage of disease, the standard used for the dietary table Pevzner number 7. According to this diet of the patient's diet completely excludes fatty, fried, smoked and baked products.Limit the use of large amounts of fluid and pickles, which can increase the level of daily urine output.In addition, patients should abstain from alcohol, sugary soda and hot spices.
Due to the risk of complications of kidney cysts, all patients with this pathology is recommended gentle mode with the exception of hypothermia and severe physical stress.
disease in need of rehabilitation in those patients who have undergone surgery.The latter is usually performed in a hospital and involves bed rest and antibiotics to prevent secondary infection.
at remote stages of treatment, for the prevention of recurrence of tumors, can be used for spa treatment, which is carried out on the territory of resorts with mineral springs.For this type of prevention is well suited, such as the resorts Morshyn and Saki.
kidney cysts Treatment folk remedies
Treatment of folk remedies for kidney cyst is not only inefficient, but even dangerous.Moreover, it does not bring any positive results, active treatments can lead to rupture of the cyst cavity and pouring its contents into the abdominal cavity with the ensuing complications.
Among the list of the popular methods only herbal teas can use treatments that are not particularly useful, but not much harm.
Complications of the disease The most common complication of kidney cyst is its gap.It may occur under the influence of even slight traumatic factor.At the same time the contents of the cyst is poured into the abdominal cavity and there is an inflammation of the latter, which is called peritonitis.This disease is very serious and requires immediate surgical intervention.
addition rupture may occur and abscess of kidney cysts, which is accompanied by fever, general weakness, and severe pain in the lumbar region.After the surgery, with festering kidney cysts need a powerful antibacterial therapy.
With a huge amount of kidney cysts occur compression of vascular structures of the body.As a result, the operation may be disturbed by the kidney and uremia tread, or in other words, sepsis kidney toxins.This pattern is more common in two-way process, although it can also occur when a cyst is just one kidney.
Preventing kidney cysts
Because kidney cyst is pluricausal disease, its prevention should also have several directions.Firstly, to avoid inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract.To do this, patients are advised to sanitize a chronic infection, such as otitis media and sinusitis, and avoid both local and general hypothermia.
Another group of causes of kidney cysts is traumatic factor.His people are more prone to traumatic professions or athletes, for example players.Naturally, to prevent injury to the lumbar region is unlikely, but if it has already taken place, requires strict dynamic control with the help of ultrasound, which can detect the formation of a hematoma, and transforming the latter into a cyst.
With regard to prevention of congenital kidney cysts, here applies the same principles as in the prevention of any other congenital diseases.This retention of bad habits, ultrasound monitoring during pregnancy and treatment of TORCH-infections that can cause malformations in the newborn.
Ed.urologist Astashin EE