Infertility - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Women's Diseases

Infertility - absence for 1 year or more of pregnancy in women who regularly sexually active and do not use contraceptives.Women with recurrent miscarriage and infertility is diagnosed.

Pregnancy is the result of a complex chain of events.In order to get pregnant:

• A woman must release the mature egg from one of her ovaries (ovulation).
• The egg must go through a fallopian tube toward the uterus.
• Sperm Men must unite with the egg along the way (fertilization).
• The fertilized egg must attach to the inner surface of the uterus (implantation).

Infertility may result from problems that interfere with any of these steps.

Distinguish absolute sterility , when the body are irreversible pathological changes interfering conception (absence of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, testes in men) and the relative , in which the causes of infertility can be eliminated.

In addition, distinguish primary infertility, when women who are sexually active, have never been pregnant, and seco

ndary , when conception does not occur, although the last pregnancy were.

frequency of infertile marriages is 10-15%.In 60% of cases of infertility are disorders in women, 40% in the male (sperm deficiency, abnormal ejaculation, impotence), but female infertility can be treated much more easily than men.

most common cause of infertility women provide anatomical and functional changes in the genitals: infantilism;inflammatory diseases of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina;dysfunction of the ovaries and the pituitary gland, adrenal gland, thyroid gland;tumors of the uterus (fibroids);endometriosis, ovarian tumors;traumatic lesions of the cervix during childbirth and abortion and others. An important reason for secondary infertility are abortions.

Is infertility a common problem or a problem of women only?

No, infertility is not always a problem of women.Only about one-third of cases, infertility is due to a woman (female factors).The other one-third of cases, infertility is due to male (male factor).The remaining cases are due to a combination of male and female factors or unknown factors.

What causes infertility in men?

Infertility in men most commonly caused by:
• problems with sperm count - when produced too few sperm or does not produce sperm
• problems with sperm mobility and fertilization of the ovum - an abnormal form of sperm or structure does not allow them to move right.

Sometimes a person is born with problems that affect his sperm.Other problems may start later due to illness or injury.For example, cystic fibrosis is often a cause of infertility in men acquired.

What increases the risk of infertility in men?

on the quantity and quality of human sperm can affect its overall health, diet and lifestyle.Some things that can reduce the amount and / or quality of sperm:
• Do

drugs • Environmental toxins, including pesticides and lead

cigarette smoking • health problems
• medicines
• effects of radiation therapy and cancer chemotherapy
• age

What causes infertility in women?

Problems with ovulation account for most cases of infertility in women.Without ovulation, no egg that can be fertilized.Some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include irregular menstruation or absence of menstruation.

Less common causes of female infertility:
• blockage of the fallopian tubes due to pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or ectopic pregnancy operations
• physical problems with the uterus
• uterine fibroids

What increases the risk of infertility in women?

Many things can affect a woman's ability to have a child, it is:
• age
• Stress
• poor nutrition

sports overload • once or underweight

smoking • alcohol
• sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
• health problems that cause hormonal changes

What age affects a woman's ability to have children?

More and more women give birth after 30 years.About 20 percent of women in the United States today have their first child after 35 years.Upon reaching 35 years of procreation is becoming more difficult.About one-third of couples in which the woman is over 35 years old, have problems with childbirth.

Aging reduces the chances of a woman having a baby, the reasons for this:
• The ability of a woman's ovaries to mature eggs ready for fertilization declines with age.
• Health ova women declines with age.
• With age, women are accumulated health problems that may prevent pregnancy.
• With age, the risk of miscarriage increases.

How long a woman can try to get pregnant before you see a doctor?

Most healthy women under the age of 30 years should not worry about infertility, if they were trying to get pregnant for at least a year.After a year of trying both women and men should consult a gynecologist and andrologist.

woman should see a doctor earlier in some cases.Women in the age of about 30, who had already tried to get pregnant for six months should talk to your doctor as soon as possible.The chances of a woman on the birth of a healthy baby decreases every year after the age of 30.

In some health problems a woman should see a doctor as soon as possible :
• irregular periods or not
menstruation • very painful monthly
• endometriosis
• pelvic inflammatory disease
• more than one miscarriage

does not matterhow old you are, you can always talk to your doctor before you start trying to get pregnant.Doctors can help you prepare your body for the birth of a healthy child, answer questions and give tips on conceiving.

What is waiting for you to see a doctor about infertility ?What are the methods of diagnosis infertility and treatment options ?

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