Genital candidiasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis , thrush - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .
Genital candidiasis or vulvovaginal candidiasis - an infectious disease that affects the mucous membrane of the vulva and vagina caused by yeast fungi of the genus Candida.The common people genital candidiasis called " thrush ".
When people talk about "thrush", is meant candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the external genitalia: the vagina and vulva in women and the head of the penis in men.
Causes thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis)
only reason thrush - reduction of general and local immunity against the backdrop of infection by yeast fungi.But the appearance of symptoms of thrush and intensive development of genital candidiasis is preceded by the following predisposing factors.
Most rastprostranennye factors predisposing to the appearance of symptoms of thrush:
- mechanical (first sexual intercourse, the wearing of synthetic clothes, traumatic vaginal lesions, long wearing intrauterine device);
- physiological (pregnancy, menstruation);
- endocrine disorders (diabetes, thyroid disease);
- iatrogenic (antibiotics, corticosteroids, immunosuppressive agents, radiation therapy, oral contraceptives, chemotherapy for cancer);
- immunodeficiency (HIV);
- other possible reasons (allergies, vitamin deficiencies, chronic infections of the genitals, chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract).
symptoms of thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis)
There are several types of vulvovaginal candidiasis, and depending on the type of candidiasis symptoms of thrush symptoms will be different:
More symptoms of thrush
Diagnosis of thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis)
On examination, the patient inacute period of vulvovaginal candidiasis noteworthy swelling and redness of the vulva and vagina, cracks and abrasions caused by scratching.On the walls of the vagina are found grayish raids, which are removed with difficulty, leaving a bright red, easily bleeding mucosa.Often, vaginal discharge is represented by a thick curd white, sometimes with a greenish tinge.
diagnosis of thrush itself does not cause too much difficulty, but only after a gynecological examination, no gynecologist does not diagnose "vulvovaginal candidiasis."It is necessary to hand over analyzes:
thrush treatment of thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis)
Thrush well fed treatment.Currently, there is a large arsenal of drugs, allowing to forget about thrush once and for all.Treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis should be comprehensive, taking into account comorbidities.
In acute and chronic vulvovaginal treatment should be Etiotropic, that is aimed at the elimination of the pathogen.With this purpose antifungal antibiotics.Antibiotics administered orally (as tablets) and topically (ointments and suppositories), for best effect.
main group used antifungal antibiotics for the treatment of thrush following:
More treatment of thrush
lifestyle and diet during the treatment of thrush
at diagnosis "Candida vulvovaginitis" in addition to the treatment of the important role played by lifestyle.It is necessary to observe a certain mode:
- abstinence during treatment to avoid re-infection;
- hygiene intimate places - wash twice a day with warm water (morning and evening), and during menses more frequently - after every change of the tampon or pad.From the use of panty liners should be abandoned - daily linings create an ideal environment for further bacterial growth.Underwear should be cotton.
If all the above recommendations, genital candidiasis will disappear once and for all.Fortunately, thrush can be treated effectively, and after the full course of therapy, the patient quickly rehabilitated.
Effective treatment of candidiasis is necessary:
- exclude concomitant diseases of the body.
- Avoid concomitant genital infections.
- Clarify diagnosis (crop on mushrooms and susceptibility to antifungal drugs you selected species of the genus Candida).
- Check the condition of immunity.
Folk remedies for the treatment of thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis)
For the treatment of thrush uses as a means of traditional medicine.The essence of all folk remedies for treating thrush is to create an alkaline environment in the vagina, where the pathogen (fungi) can not exist.For this purpose, it can be used as an herbal folk remedies - herbs and ordinary baking soda.
More Folk remedies for the treatment of thrush
Thrush in pregnancy.
well-known fact that pregnancy is a predisposing factor for the development of genital candidiasis.This is evidenced by statistics - 40-46% of pregnant women suffer from thrush.This is due to changes in hormonal levels during pregnancy and low immunity (immunity reasons for the decline in pregnancy).
thrush most often fall ill in the first and third trimester of pregnancy.Treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in pregnancy is a big problem for gynecologists.The main principle of treatment - it is safe for the fetus and the mother.For the treatment of thrush during pregnancy only locally used drugs in the form of suppositories and creams.The main pharmacological group - combined antibiotics, which include several drugs antifungal effect, or macrolide antibiotics.The duration of treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis during pregnancy by an average of 6-10 days.Antibiotics are well tolerated, have minimum side effects and that matter - does not have a systemic action.Treatment for thrush is usually administered at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy (first trimester of pregnancy, it is desirable not to use drugs) for best effect and rapid elimination of symptoms of thrush.
Complications and prevention of genital candidiasis (thrush)
Prevention of thrush include:
More Preventing thrush
Questions and answers are most often asked by the patient at a reception at the gynecologist about thrush:
1. Can Thrush because of infertility?
More answers to questions about thrush
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