Ovarian Cysts - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment .MF .

August 12, 2017 17:52 | Women's Diseases

name "cyst" is derived from the Greek word kystis, which means the bubble - a small fluid-filled or otherwise the contents of the bag or bags, which are formed in the ovaries of women.Most cysts are harmless, but some can cause problems such as fractures, bleeding or pain, may require removal of cysts (s) surgically.

What are the reasons for the origin of ovarian cysts?Can I treat a cyst conservative or immediately necessary surgery?And then, if at all, to intervene in the situation, if we are talking about education, about one and a half centimeters in diameter, which does not hurt, and it was discovered by chance during routine ultrasound, and the "hands of his doctor did not find" necessary?

Understanding ovarian cyst Cyst

yaichnika- benign tumor, which refers to the tumor process, which is a cavity that is filled with liquid contents.

very common in young women, it is much less marked in women after 50 years.

is important to understand how ovarian cyst is formed.

Women usually have two ovaries that produce eggs, each about the size of a walnut, they are located on either side of the uterus.Each month, the right or left ovary produces an egg, a process that begins the monthly menstrual cycle of women.The egg is encased in a sac called a follicle, grows and matures inside the ovary under the influence of estrogen, the uterus is not prepared to receive the egg.This cycle happens every month and usually ends when the egg is not fertilized.If the egg is not fertilized, all the contents of the uterus is removed with the physiological fluids.This is called menstruation.

in images obtained using ultrasound, ovarian cysts resemble bubbles, if only the liquid containing the cyst, which is surrounded by a very thin walls.These cysts are called functional or simple.If the follicle can rupture and release the egg, the fluid remains and can form an ovarian cyst.Typically, it is one of the ovaries.Small cysts (less than one centimeter) may occur in the normal ovary during the growth of the follicle.

vast majority of cysts are considered functional or physiological.In other words, they have nothing to do with the disease.Most ovarian cysts are benign, iethey are non-cancerous, and many disappear by themselves within a few weeks without treatment.Ovarian cysts are women of all ages, but most often occur in women of childbearing age.

Ovarian cysts can be classified as benign or cancerous growths.Although the cyst can be found in ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts are usually a normal process and harmless (benign).

elaborate on ovarian cysts are benign neoplasm (not Oncology)

There are different types of ovarian cysts:

  • corpus luteum cyst;
  • follicular;
  • paraovarialnaya;
  • endometrioid;
  • mucinous;
  • dermoid.

corpus luteum cyst is a swelling with thickened walls, filled with a yellow liquid, blood can be added to it.Usually this is only a neoplasm from one side.Reason is that occurrence that occurs after ovulation filling luteum follicle cells, but instead increases follicle and filled with fluid.

follicular cyst and corpus luteum cyst is credited to the functional entities, which are formed in the ovary.The walls of the benign tumors are formed from heavily stretched membrane of the follicle or yellow body.The reason for their formation - a hormonal imbalance.Typically, the formation of such large dimensions are not, and grow toward the abdomen.

parovarian cyst is formed from an appendage, which is located above the ovary and the tumor is a single chamber oval or round shape, filled with a clear liquid.The walls of such cysts are transparent and thin, with a network of small blood vessels.Very often, the tumor is diagnosed in women 20-40 years old.Size growths can be very different: from small to huge.Usually the ovary is not involved in the pathological process.

Endometrial cysts are characterized by the presence of foci endometriopodobnyh (see. Endometriosis).

mucinous cysts are filled with mucous content, often consist of multiple cameras and can reach large sizes.Mucinous and endometrioid cyst can degenerate into malignant ovarian tumors.

dermoid cysts contain in the structure of the embryonic germ layers, connecting Tacna derivatives (hair, fat, teeth, etc.).

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